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  • Resultat 1-10 av 78
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  • Andersson, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Transparency preference and economic behavior
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. - Elsevier. - 0167-2681. ; 37:3, s. 56-349
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It is shown that decision makers guided by Popperian epistemology will have a preference for transparency, even in situations where standard economic theory provides no rationale for such a preference. This provides a Popperian resolution of the Ellsberg paradox, and a rationale for suspicion in experiments as well as in economic life.
  • Puu, Tönu, 1936- (författare)
  • The chaotic duopolists revisited
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. - 0167-2681. ; 33:3-4, s. 385-394
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The adjustment process of three oligopolists is studied, under Cournot and Stackelberg action. It is demonstrated that with an iso-elastic demand function and constant marginal costs, the system can result in periodic or in chaotic behaviour. In particular, the case with two identical and one different oligopolists is focused, which turns into a virtual duopoly, though displaying a wider set of bifurcations than can occur in genuine duopoly.
  • Adermon, Adrian, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Piracy and Music Sales The Effects of An Anti-Piracy Law
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. - Elsevier. - 0167-2681 .- 1879-1751. ; 105, s. 90-106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The implementation of a copyright protection reform in Sweden in April 2009 suddenly increased the risk of being caught and punished for illegal file sharing. This paper investigates the impact of the reform on illegal file sharing and music sales using a difference-in-differences approach with Norway and Finland as control groups. We find that the reform decreased Internet traffic by 16% and increased music sales by 36% during the first six months. Pirated music therefore seems to be a strong substitute to legal music. However, the reform effects disappeared almost completely after six months, likely because of the weak enforcement of the law.
  • Akay, Alpaslan, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • The impact of immigration on the well-being of natives
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. - 0167-2681. ; 103, s. 72-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for 1998-2009 with local labor market information, this is the first paper to investigate how the spatial concentration of immigrants affects the life satisfaction of the native Germans. Our results show a positive and robust effect of immigration on natives' well-being, which is not driven by local labor market characteristics. Immigration has only a weak impact on the subjective well-being of immigrant groups, meanwhile. We also examine potential threats to causality and conclude that our findings are not driven by selectivity and reverse causality. Specifically, natives are not crowded out by immigrants and the sorting of immigrants to regions with higher native happiness is negligible. We further find that the positive effect of immigration on natives' life satisfaction is a function of the assimilation of immigrants in the region. Immigration's well-being effect is higher in regions with intermediate assimilation levels and is essentially zero in regions with no or complete assimilation. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Alpizar, Francisco, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • How Much Do We Care About Absolute versus Relative Income and Consumption?
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. - 0167-2681. ; 56, s. 405-421
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We find, using survey-experimental methods, that most individuals are concerned with both relative income and relative consumption of particular goods. The degree of concern varies in the expected direction depending on the properties of the good. However, contrary to what has been suggested in the previous literature, we find that relative consumption is also important for vacation and insurance, which are typically seen as non-positional goods. Further, absolute consumption is also found to be important for cars and housing, which are widely regarded as highly positional. © 2004 Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Andersson, Claes, 1973- (författare)
  • Splitting the replicator: generalized Darwinism and the place of culture in Nature
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. - 0167-2681. ; 80:3, s. 657-669
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concept of Replication has been turned around, moved about and hammered upon in search for a good fit in the puzzle of Generalized Darwinism for a long time. The present paper represents a different take on the formulation of a Generalized Darwinism and on Replication. Replication in evolutionary biology is argued to combine two functions: (i) the production of propositions (Synthesis) and (ii) the retention of propositions over time (Memory). By insisting on universally grouping these two functions together the Replicator–Interactor (RI) framework is here argued to suffer from a fundamental ontological mismatch that no amount of bending and stretching of the concept can avoid. When we allow different packaging of Interaction, Synthesis and Memory (ISM) for different systems, we produce much less empirical friction. Replication then emerges as an important special case, but where replication is not the right model, the ISM model brings a range of issues into the open that remain hidden from an RI viewpoint. Also, when we reserve replication for the cases where it really fits we retain the strong theoretical power and empirical relevance by which it gained its fame in evolutionary biology.
  • Aronsson, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Positional preferences in time and space: Optimal income taxation with dynamic social comparisons
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. - 0167-2681. ; 101, s. 1-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper concerns optimal redistributive non-linear income taxation in an OLG model, where people care about their own consumption relative to (i) other people's current consumption, (ii) own past consumption, and (iii) other people's past consumption. We show that both (i) and (iii) affect the marginal income tax structure whereas (ii) does not. We also derive conditions under which atemporal and intertemporal consumption comparisons give rise to exactly the same tax policy responses. On the basis of the available empirical estimates, comparisons with other people's current and past consumption tend to substantially increase the optimal marginal labor income tax rates. Yet, such comparisons may either increase or decrease the optimal marginal capital income tax rates.
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