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1.
  • Strigård, Karin, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Intrastomal 3D ultrasound : an inter- and intra-observer evaluation
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - : Springer-Verlag New York. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 28:1, s. 43-47
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to determine intra- and interobserver reliability in 3D intrastomal ultrasound imaging of parastomal hernia and protrusion. A total of 40 patients were investigated. Two or three physicians evaluated the images twice, 1 month apart. Inter-observer agreement was 72 % with a kappa value 0.59. For the last 10 patients there was an agreement of 80 % with a kappa value of 0.70. Intraobserver agreement was 80 % for one observer and 95 % for the other. The learning curve levelled out at around 30 patients. Considering the learning curve of 30 patients, 3D intrastomal ultrasound is a reliable investigation method. 3D intrastomal ultrasonography has the potential to be the investigation of choice to differentiate between a bulge, a hernia, or a protrusion.
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2.
  • Strigård, Karin, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • The Easy-X magnetic stoma connector system. A future concept for stomal dressing?
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - : Springer. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 28:3, s. 371-374
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A considerable proportion of stoma patients are disabled for various reasons and are elderly. To be able to dress their stoma themselves is of crucial importance for their integrity and social life. This study evaluates a novel stomal dressing system based on a magnetic connector-the Easy-X system. Twenty patients (8 women, mean age of 40-89 years) with a well-functioning colostomy tested the Easy-X system for 6 weeks. The system was judged by the patients using a multiple choice scale, and by the stoma nurses using a 10-grade VAS. Eighteen of 20 patients completed the trial. Ten patients rated the Easy-X as better than their ordinary system, 3 as equal to and 4 deemed it inferior. Despite this, only three were prepared to change to the Easy-X system. Eleven of 18 patients experienced discomfort with the new adhesive plate. Three patients suffered leakage less often and five patients more often than with their ordinary system. Stoma nurse ratings were available for 14 patients. Their evaluation of the magnetic connector in the Easy-X system was positive in eight cases, neutral in one case and negative in three cases. Global impression ratings were 3 positive, 3 negative and 5 neutral. The Easy-X system showed potential advantages over conventional stomal dressing systems, but the system must be improved in terms of a varied assortment of dressing products enabling individual fitting before a larger trial can be carried out on disabled patients. Furthermore, the increased use of metal has to be handled with an ecologic recycling system. A new stomal dressing system with a magnetic connector has potential advantages over conventional stomal dressings for disabled persons.
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3.
  • Clay, L, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of an elastic girdle on lung function, intra-abdominal pressure, and pain after midline laparotomy : a randomized controlled trial
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - : Springer Berlin/Heidelberg. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 29:6, s. 715-721
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Girdles and abdominal binders may reduce pain and stabilize the abdominal wall after laparotomy, but a risk for increased intra-abdominal pressure and decreased lung function is also hypothesized. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an abdominal girdle after midline laparotomy in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-three patients undergoing laparotomy were randomized to wear an elastic girdle postoperatively and 25 were randomized to no girdle. Pulmonary function was evaluated with; forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume during one second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and cough PEF. Pain was recorded using a visual analog scale (VAS). All patients completed the ventral hernia pain questionnaire (VHPQ) before surgery and at the end of the study. Intra-abdominal pressure was measured via an indwelling urinary catheter. Wound healing was assessed from photographs. RESULTS: FVC, FEV1, PEF, and cough PEF were reduced by about 30 % after surgery, but there were no differences between patients with or without a girdle (ANOVA). Intra-abdominal pressure and wound healing were the same in both groups. Pain was significantly lower on day 5 in the girdle group (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: An individually fitted elastic girdle used after midline laparotomy was found to be safe, as this did not affect lung function, coughing, intra-abdominal pressure, or wound healing. The immediate decline in lung function after surgery is restrictive and due to anesthesia and the surgical procedure. Pain was significantly decreased in the girdle group. The study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01517217.
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4.
  • Näsvall, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • A comparison between intrastomal 3D ultrasonography, CT scanning and findings at surgery in patients with stomal complaints
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - : Springer. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 29:10, s. 1263-1266
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Since there are no reliable investigative tools for imaging parastomal hernia, new techniques are needed. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of intrastomal three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D) as an alternative to CT scanning for the assessment of stomal complaints.METHOD: Twenty patients with stomal complaints, indicating surgery, were examined preoperatively with a CT scan in the supine position and 3D intrastomal ultrasonography in the supine and erect positions. Comparison with findings at surgery, considered to be the true state, was made.RESULTS: Both imaging methods, 3D ultrasonography and CT scanning, showed high sensitivity (ultrasound 15/18, CT scan 15/18) and specificity (ultrasound 2/2, CT scan 1/2) when judged by a dedicated radiologist. Corresponding values for interpretation of CT scans in routine clinical practice was for sensitivity 17/18 and for specificity 1/2.CONCLUSION: 3D ultrasonography has a high validity and is a promising alternative to CT scanning in the supine position to distinguish a bulge from a parastomal hernia.
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5.
  • Asplund, Dan, et al. (författare)
  • Pretreatment quality of life in patients with rectal cancer is associated with intrusive thoughts and sense of coherence
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - 0179-1958. ; 32:11, s. 1639-1647
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Quality of life may predict survival. In addition to clinical variables, it may be influenced by psychological factors, some of which may be accessible for intervention. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association of intrusive thoughts and the patients' sense of coherence with pretreatment quality of life in patients with newly diagnosed rectal cancer. Methods Patients were prospectively included in 16 hospitals in Sweden and Denmark. They answered an extensive questionnaire after receiving their treatment plan. Clinical data were retrieved from national quality registries for rectal cancer. Results Of 1248 included patients, a total of 1085 were evaluable. Pretreatment global health-related and overall quality of life was lower in patients planned for palliative compared with curative treatment (median 53 vs. 80 on the EuroQoL visual analogue scale, p < 0.001 and odds ratio 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.36-0.88, respectively). Quality of life was associated with intrusive thoughts (odds ratio 0.33, 95% confidence interval 0.24-0.45) and sense of coherence (odds ratio 0.44, 95% confidence interval 0.370.52) irrespective of the treatment plan. Conclusions Pretreatment quality of life was influenced by the intent of treatment as well as by intrusive thoughts and the patients' sense of coherence. Interventions could modify these psychological factors, and future studies should focus on initiatives to improve quality of life for this group of patients.
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6.
  • Berdal Anderson, Monica, et al. (författare)
  • Innovation as part of a wider behavioural syndrome in the guppy: : Theeffect of sex and body size
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Ethology. - 0179-1613 .- 1439-0310.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent work on animal personalities has shown that individuals within populations often differ consistently in various types of behaviour and that many of these behaviours correlate among individuals to form behavioural syndromes. Individuals of certain species have also been shown to differ in their rate of behavioural innovation in arriving at novel solutions to new and existing problems (e.g., mazes, novel foods). Here, we investigate whether behaviours traditionally studied in personality research are correlated with individual rates of innovation as part of a wider behavioural syndrome. Guppies (Poecilia reticulata) of both sexes from three different wild population sources were assessed: (a) exploration of an open area; (b) speed through a three‐dimensional maze; (c) investigation of a novel object; and (d) attraction to a novel food. The covariance structure (syndrome structure) was examined using structural equation modelling. The best model separated behaviours relating to activity in all contexts from rates of exploration/investigation and innovation. Innovative behaviour (utilizing new food and moving through a novel area) in these fish therefore forms part of the same syndrome as the traditional shy‐bold continuum (exploration of an open area and investigation of a novel object) found in many animal personality studies. There were no clear differences in innovation or syndrome structure between the sexes, or between the three different populations. However, body size was implicated as part of the behavioural syndrome structure, and because body size is highly correlated with age in guppies, this suggests that individual behavioural differences in personality/innovation in guppies may largely be driven by developmental state.
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7.
  • Hedström, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Within-Bolus Variability of the Penetration-Aspiration Scale Across Two Subsequent Swallows in Patients with Head and Neck Cancer
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Dysphagia. - 0179-051X. ; 32:5, s. 683-690
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To compare two consecutive swallowing attempts to study if there is a difference in Rosenbek's penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) scores between the first and second swallowing attempt of the same bolus type in videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing (VFS). Additional aims include reflecting on which bolus sizes and consistencies are the most relevant to include in further studies for head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. The VFS for 38 patients curatively treated for HNC was studied. All included patients showed swallowing difficulties (PAS >= 2). The examination protocol included two swallows each of six different boluses: 3, 5, 10, 20 ml thin, 5 ml mildly thick, and 3 ml of extremely thick liquid. All boluses were compared between the first and second swallowing attempt with regard to PAS scores. No statistically significant differences in PAS were found between the first and second swallow for any of the boluses in this study on group level. For 20 ml thin and 3 ml extremely thick liquid, there were low Intra-Class Correlations, indicating a low within-bolus agreement. The greatest within-bolus differences were found for 20 ml thin, 5 ml mildly thick and 3 ml extremely thick liquid, which demonstrated high intra-individual coefficient of variation (0.458-0.759). The data of this study show a high within-bolus variability of the PAS score between two subsequent swallows for all different consistencies. In order to assess swallowing safety, the highest PAS score for each bolus type is suggested for use in studies of HNC patients.
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8.
  • Adamo, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence and recurrence rate of perianal abscess -a population-based study, Sweden 1997-2009
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 31:3, s. 669-673
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of diabetes mellitus, Crohn's disease, HIV/aids, and obesity on the prevalence and readmission rate of perianal abscess.METHODS: The study cohort was based on the Swedish National Patient Register and included all patients treated for perianal abscess in Sweden 1997-2009. The prevalence and risk for readmission were assessed in association with four comorbidity diagnoses: diabetes mellitus, Crohn's disease, HIV, and/or AIDS and obesity.RESULTS: A total of 18,877 patients were admitted during the study period including 11,138 men and 4557 women (2.4:1). Crohn's disease, diabetes, and obesity were associated with a significantly higher prevalence of perianal abscess than an age- and gender-matched background population (p < 0.05). In univariate analysis, neither age nor gender had any significant impact on the risk for readmission. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, Crohns disease was the only significant risk factor for readmission of perianal abscess.CONCLUSION: Crohn's disease, diabetes, and obesity increase the risk for perianal abscess. Of these, Crohn's and HIV has an impact on readmission. The pathogenesis and the influence of diabetes and obesity need further research if we are to understand why these diseases increase the risk for perianal abscess but not its recurrence.
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9.
  • Blind, Niillas, et al. (författare)
  • Distance to hospital is not a risk factor for emergency colon cancer surgery.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - : Springer. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 33:9, s. 1195-1200
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to see if the distance to a hospital performing colon cancer surgery is a risk factor for emergency surgical intervention and to determine the variability between defined but demographically divergent catchment areas.Methods: Data on patients living in Västerbotten County who underwent colon cancer surgery between 2007 and 2010 were extracted from the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Register (SCRCR). Of the 436 registrations matching these criteria, 380 patients were used in the analysis, and their distance to the nearest hospital providing care for colorectal cancer (CRC) was estimated using Google Maps™. The correlations between the risk for emergency surgery and the distance to a hospital, gender, age, income level and hospital catchment area were analysed in uni- and multivariate models.Results: Distance to the nearest hospital had no significant effect on the proportion of emergency operations for colon cancer. There was significant variability in risk for emergency surgery between hospital catchment areas, where the catchment areas of the university hospital and the most rural hospital had a higher proportion than the other local hospital catchment area (OR, 2.00 (p = 0.038) and OR, 2.97 (p = 0.005)). These results were still significant when analysed with multivariate logistic regression (OR, 2.13 (p = 0.026) and OR, 3.05 (p = 0.013)).Conclusion: Distance to a hospital performing colon cancer surgery had no effect on the proportion of emergency surgeries. However, a variability between defined catchment areas was seen. Future studies will focus on possible factors behind this variability.
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10.
  • Chabok, Abbas, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Low risk of complications in patients with first-time acute uncomplicated diverticulitis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 32:12, s. 1699-1702
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • First-time acute uncomplicated diverticulitis (AUD) has been considered to have an increased risk of complication, but the level of evidence is low. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk of complications in patients with first-time AUD and in patients with a history of diverticulitis. This paper is a population-based retrospective study at Vastmanland's Hospital, VasterAs, Sweden, where all patients were identified with a diagnosis of colonic diverticular disease ICD-10 K57.0-9 from January 2010 to December 2014. The records of all patients were surveyed and patients with a computed tomography (CT)-verified AUD were included. Complications defined as CT-verified abscess, perforation, colonic obstruction, fistula, or sepsis within 1 month from the diagnosis of AUD were registered. Of 809 patients with AUD, 642 (79%) had first-time AUD and 167 (21%) had a previous history of AUD with no differences in demographic or clinical characteristics. In total, 16 (2%) patients developed a complication within 1 month irrespective of whether they had a previous history of diverticulitis (P = 0.345). In the binary logistic regression analysis, first-time diverticulitis was not associated with increased risk of complications (OR 1.58; CI 0.52-4.81). The rate of antibiotic therapy was about 7-10% during the time period and outpatient management increased from 7% in 2010 to 61% in 2014. The risk for development of complications is low in AUD with no difference between patients with first-time or recurrent diverticulitis. This result strengthens existing evidence on the benign disease course of AUD.
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