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Sökning: L773:0250 7005 OR L773:1791 7530 > (2010-2014)

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  • Andreasson, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Histopathological Classification of Pseudomyxoma Peritonei and the Prognostic Importance of PINCH Protein
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 32:4, s. 1443-1448
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim:The aims of this study were i) to assess a new and more detailed histopathological classification and to analyze concordance between pathologists in the histopathological classification of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP); ii) to analyze the expression in the stroma of the particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine (PINCH) protein and its prognostic importance in PMP.Materials and Methods:Surgical specimens from 81 patients, classified according to the Ronnett et al histopathological classification were compared to a new system with four groups ranging from indolent to aggressive growth patterns. PINCH protein expression was analyzed and was related to clinical variables.Results:The new four-group classification provided better prognostic information than the classification according to Ronnett et al. (p=0.04). Expression of the PINCH protein in the stroma was found in 83% of the cases and was associated with high tumor burden (p=0.002) and a poor prognosis (p=0.04).Conclusion:The proposed new PMP classification system may provide additional prognostic information. PINCH protein is expressed in PMP and has prognostic information.
  • Engström, Wilhelm (författare)
  • Effects of Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 7 on Apoptosis in Human Teratocarcinoma Cells In Vitro
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - International Institute of Anticancer Research (IIAR). - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 30, s. 911-914
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human teratocarcinoma cells (Tera-2) deprived of serum undergo programmed cell death which can be counteracted by simultaneous addition of IGF-II. This protective effect of IGF-II was specific in the sense that addition of IGF-binding protein 7 (IGFBP-7) resulted in an increased apoptotic rate almost comparable to that of the classical IGFBPs. Autoradiographic analysis of incorporated tritiated thymidine indicated that the proportion of S-phase cells was comparable, irrespective of total cell numbers. This further suggests that IGF-II rescues cells from apoptosis and that IGFBP-7 is a specific antagonist.
  • Engström, Wilhelm (författare)
  • The RECK Gene and Biological Malignancy-Its Significance in Angiogenesis and Inhibition of Matrix Metalloproteinases
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - International Institute of Anticancer Research (IIAR). - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 34, s. 3867-3873
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The RECK (reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs) gene is a relatively newly discovered gene with important implications in cancer biology. RECK is normally expressed in all cells of the body and has an important role in the balance between destructive and constructive features of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The RECK protein is a membrane-bound glycoprotein that inhibits matrix metalloproteinases with the function of breaking-down the ECM. There is a significant correlation between RECK gene expression and the formation of new vessels, presumably via the mediation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which is an important and powerful inducer of angiogenesis.. Research has shown that down-regulation of RECK is caused by the rat sarcoma oncogene (RAS), which is also a common cause of tumor development in the early stages. For a tumor to progress and gain characteristics that classifies it as malignant, the degradation of the ECM and mobilization of new blood vessels are essential functions. If the tumor is inhibited with respect to these functions, it will cease to grow. RECK is, therefore, a potential tumor inhibitor but also a prognostic marker available at early clinical stages.
  • Hakelius, Malin, et al. (författare)
  • Keratinocytes and Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells Regulate Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator and Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 in Fibroblasts
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 33:8, s. 3113-3118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: To investigate possible differences in the effects of soluble factors from oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells (UT-SCC-87) and normal oral keratinocytes (NOK) on fibroblast expression of genes involved in tumor stroma turnover. Materials and Methods: Transwell co-cultures with fibroblasts in collagen gels, and SCC cells or NOK in inserts were carried out. Fibroblast gene expression was measured with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) was up-regulated in co-cultures with SCC cells but not with NOK. In contrast, both SCC cells and NOK regulated matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1) and -3, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP2) and -3 to a similar extent, while MMP2 and TIMP1 were largely unaffected. Interleukin 1 alpha (IL1 alpha) up-regulated both MMP1 and MMP3 and down-regulated PAI-1, TIMP2 and -3. Conclusion: SCC and NOK regulate fibroblast expression of genes involved in tumor stroma turnover differentially in vitro. These observations may contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms behind extracellular matrix turnover in tumors.
  • Hassan, Saadia Bashir, et al. (författare)
  • Alpha Terpineol : A Potential Anticancer Agent which Acts through Suppressing NF-kappa B Signalling
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 30:6, s. 1911-1919
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:Alpha terpineol is a bioactive component of Salvia libanotica essential oil extract and has shown antitumour activity.Materials and Methods:The cytotoxicity of alpha terpineol towards different tumour cell lines was evaluated in vitro. Mechanistic characterization was performed using analysis of drug activity in a cell line panel and drug-induced gene expression perturbation using the connectivity map approach.Results:The small cell lung carcinoma was the cell line most sensitive to alpha terpineol. The results proposed alpha terpineol as an NF-kappa B inhibitor, which was confirmed by the observed dose-dependent inhibition of NF-kappa B translocation and activity using two NF-kappa B assays, and by the down-regulation of the expression of several NE-kappa B-related genes such as IL-1 beta and IL1R1.Conclusion: The results suggest that alpha terpineol inhibits the growth of tumour cells through a mechanism that involves inhibition of the NF-kappa B pathway.
  • Hassan, Saadia Bashir, et al. (författare)
  • The Nanoparticulate Quillaja Saponin BBE Is Selectively Active Towards Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 33:1, s. 143-151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To characterize the cytotoxic effect of BBE, the particulate of desacyl-saponin, in model systems of solid tumours. Materials and Methods: Cytotoxic activity of BBE was investigated in solid human tumour cell lines, in tumour cells from patients with renal cell carcinoma, in normal human renal cells and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The BBE mode of cell death was assessed in vitro. In vivo effect of BBE was evaluated in xenograft-bearing mice. Results: BBE was selectively active against renal cell carcinoma, with no or little effect on normal cells. BBE induced caspase activity and apoptosis. An inhibitory activity of BBE on xenograft tumour growth, with no apparent signs of haematological toxicity was shown. In the non-proliferative model of patient tumour cells, BBE was active on only 1/5 patient samples, suggesting association of BBE effect with cell proliferation. Conclusion: BBE has interesting activities against renal cell carcinoma and should be further explored as a drug against this resistant tumour type.
  • Hedman, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Fractionated Irradiation of Five Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines and Prediction of Survival According to a Radiobiology Model
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 31:4, s. 1125-1130
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: This study evaluates a predictive radiobiology model by measurements of surviving fraction (SF) by the clonogenic assay or the extrapolation method and the proliferation rate in vitro. It is hypothesized that incorporating proliferation to intrinsic radiosensitivity, measured by SF, to predict radiation responsiveness after fractionated irradiation adds to the model's accuracy. Materials and Methods. Five lung cancer cell lines with known SF after 1 Gy (SF1), and also SF2 and SF5, were irradiated with three different fractionation regimes; 10x1 Gy, 5x2 Gy or 2x5 Gy during the same total time to achieve empirical SF. In addition, the SF1, SF2 and SF5 after fractionated irradiation was calculated for each cell line based on the already known single fraction SF and with or without a proliferation factor. The results were compared to the empirical data. Results and Discussion: By using the clonogenic assay to measure radiosensitivity, prediction of radiosensitivity was improved after fractionated radiotherapy when proliferation was used in the radiobiology model. However, this was not the case in the cell lines where the extrapolation method was used to calculate SF. Thus, a radiobiology model including intrinsic radiosensitivity, measured by the clonogenic assay, as well as proliferation, is better at predicting survival after fractionated radiotherapy, compared to the use of intrinsic radiosensitivity alone.
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