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  • Aberg, Martin, 1962- (författare)
  • The formation of Swedish independent local lists, 1990-2015 : A study into the sources of non-diffusion
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0346-8755 .- 1502-7716. ; 42:5, s. 505-536
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this comparative case-study, elements of diffusion theory are used to examine local conditions conducive to political organization in terms of independent local lists (ILLs). Empirical evidence supports the formulation of three hypotheses for future and more systematic research into the problem: a hypothesis of size, an elite-hypothesis and a mobilization-hypothesis. Although several factors are likely to play a role, the results suggest particularly that ILLs are less likely to occur in localities lacking historical legacies in terms of popular mobilization.
  • Ahlbäck, Anders (författare)
  • Changing views on gender and security : Finland's belated opening of military service to women in the 1990s
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - 0346-8755 .- 1502-7716.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article studies the historical shift in societal understandings of gender and security in Finland that led to the introduction of women's voluntary military service and the opening of the military professions to women in 1995. With a focus on how the gendered division of defence and military labour was conceptualized at various stages, the study analyses what caused Finland to lag behind its Scandinavian neighbours in this respect, and what caused a sweeping reform process to come about in the early 1990s. Drawing on press materials, parliamentary records and policymaking documents, it traces public debates and policymaking over two decades. It shows that women's defence work was a controversial issue, for both historical and political reasons. This caused an emphasis being placed on women's non-military tasks within a broad understanding of societal security during the 1980s. Around the end of the Cold War, a surge of neo-patriotism coincided with the normalization of formal gender equality to effect a significant shift in notions of female citizenship towards military participation. Positive Scandinavian examples of women's military integration were decisive at this point, as was the political impact of Finland acquiring its first female minister of defence.
  • Al Fakir, Ida, 1978- (författare)
  • ‘Rise up and walk!’ The Church of Sweden and the ‘problem of vagrancy’ in the early twentieth century
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - 0346-8755 .- 1502-7716. ; ahead-of-print, s. 1-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The article examines how people within the Church of Sweden’s leadership tried to solve ‘the problem of vagrancy’ in Sweden in the early twentieth century. In focus are the priest John Melander and the deacon Josef Flinth, who advocated and realized various activities for categories of poor and mobile men in the population. These interventions, defined as help-to-self-help, differentiated between the ‘worthy’ and the ‘unworthy’ needy. In publications and lectures, Melander and Flinth presented arguments to transfer ‘unworthy’ categories to the ‘worthy’, thereby expanding the community of value. This expansion was conditioned, however, by boundaries drawn regarding ideas on belonging and ethnicity. Working in the borderlands of the community as part of a Christian calling, Melander and Flinth contributed to the expansion of social work in the early twentieth century.
  • Andersson, Jenny (författare)
  • Nordic nostalgia and Nordic light: The Swedish model as Utopia 1930–2007
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - 0346-8755 .- 1502-7716. ; 34:3, s. 229-245
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the last decade, Sweden has emerged on the other side of the 1990s crisis with, if not its self-image intact, then at least a reasserted confidence as, once again, the most modern country in the world. Crisis management in the 1990s seemed to have succeeded. The Swedish bumblebee – the unthinkable animal that flies despite its high taxes and large public sector – flew again. The ‘Swedish model’ was back after a decade as the punch bag of neoliberalism. Throughout the European centre left – from the debate on the European social model to Ségolène Royal and Gordon Brown – Sweden has reemerged as ‘Nordic light’, proof that a better world is possible. This reappraisal in the eyes of the world has paradoxical consequences in Sweden, since it seems to overwrite the uncertainty and insecurity of crisis with assertion and confidence, while leaving many questions unanswered. It also leads to new definitions of what Sweden is. The paper suggests that Sweden post-1990s suffers from a particular kind of nostalgia, in which the famous Model emerges as a kind of paradise lost with uncertain links both to past and future. While Sweden yet again becomes the utopia of others, it is a kind of future past to itself.
  • Aunesluoma, Juhana, et al. (författare)
  • Deterrence or reassurance? : Nordic responses to the First Detente, 1953-1956
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - 0346-8755 .- 1502-7716. ; 32:2, s. 183-208
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Historians remember 1953 for the death of Stalin and the ensuing relaxation of East-West tensions, now known as the First Detente. Based on recent Cold War scholarship supplemented by primary documentation, this comparative study looks at the Nordic reaction to the First Wtente 1953-1956 in terms of deterrence and reassurance. The results suggest that, while the Nordic governments uniformly welcomed a more relaxed international atmosphere and entertained hopes of genuine dialogue between East and West, they Often differed in their interpretations of Soviet motives and the genuineness of the post- Stalin foreign policy. The tendency to put added emphasis on reassurance (end hence less deterrence) was most apparent in the cases of Iceland and Finland. Danish and Swedish policy shared this tendency, but lacked the degree of consensus found in Iceland. Norway seems to have been the least amenable to a change in perspective. The course of the First Detente led to an even stronger emphasis on reassurance than had been the case previously. In all of the Nordic countries the invasion of Hungary had a similar alarming effect - it swung the pendulum back toward misgivings about Soviet intentions.
  • Avango, Dag, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Swedish Explorers, In-Situ Knowledge, and Resource-Based Business in the Age of Empire
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0346-8755 .- 1502-7716. ; 43, s. 324-347
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The period from 1870 to 1914 plays a unique role in the history of natural resource exploration and extraction. This article analyses, from a Swedish viewpoint, the connections between two actor categories of special importance in this context: scientific-geographical explorers and industrial actors. The article examines their activities in three broadly defined regions: the Arctic, Russia, and Africa. We show that the Swedes generally had far-reaching ambitions, on par with those of the large imperial powers. In some cases, notably in Africa, Sweden was not able to compete with the larger imperial powers; but in other cases, such as the exploration of the Arctic – from Spitsbergen to Siberia – and the industrial exploitation of coal at Spitsbergen and petroleum in Russia’s colonial periphery, Swedish actors played a leading role, in competition with players from the larger European nations. Our paper shows that scientific exploration and industry were closely linked, and that foreign policy also influenced the shaping of these links. We distinguish different types of knowledge produced by the Swedish actors, pointing to local, situated knowledge as the most important type for many resource-based businesses, although modern, scientific knowledge was on the increase during this period.
  • Bengtsson, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Aristocratic Wealth and Inequality in a Changing Society: Sweden, 1750–1900
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - : Routledge. - 1502-7716 .- 0346-8755. ; 44:1, s. 27-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The role of the European nobility and their ability to retain their political and economic power are part of the debate on the modernization of Europe’s economy. This paper contributes to the literature by exploring the wealth of the Swedish nobility as the country evolved from an agrarian to an industrial economy. We use a sample of 200+ probate inventories of nobles for each of the benchmark years 1750, 1800, 1850 and 1900. We show that the nobility, less than 0.5 per cent of the population, was markedly dominant in 1750: the average noble was 60 times richer than the average person, and the nobles held 29 per cent of all private wealth. 90 per cent of the nobles were richer than the average person. By 1900 the advantage of the nobles’ wealth had declined; the group held only 5 per cent of total private wealth. At the same time, stratification within the nobility had increased dramatically. One group of super-rich Swedish nobles, often large land owners from the high nobility, possessed the biggest fortunes, but a large minority of nobles were no richer than the average Swede.
  • Berg, Anne, 1981- (författare)
  • Gendered democratic experiences? : Men and women in workers' organizations in mid–19th-century Sweden
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of History. - 0346-8755 .- 1502-7716. ; 45:4, s. 457-478
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article analyses the democratic experiences of men and women engaged in early workers’ organizations in Sweden in the mid–19th-century. The source materials were membership criteria for over 120 organizations and manuscripts from four workers’ organizations. The article shows that engagement in the early workers’ movement in Sweden was gendered. All organizations were open to men, but women’s opportunities were limited. In addition, the democratic experiences of men and women in gender-mixed associations were somewhat different. Men were more likely than women to hold administrative positions. For that reason, the story of the association’s function in stimulating democratization should be rewritten as a historical process that politically and economically marginalized men and women entered on different premises and at different stages during the 19th century.
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