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Sökning: L773:0732 8893 OR L773:1879 0070

  • Resultat 1-10 av 43
  • [1]2345Nästa
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  • Norén, Torbjörn, et al. (författare)
  • Clindamycin resistant strains of Clostridium difficile isolated from cases of C. difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) in a hospital in Sweden
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 42:2, s. 149-151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fifty three strains of C. difficile recovered from the stools of 13 patients with clinical C. difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) were analyzed for the presence of the ermB gene, for toxigenicity and fingerprinting profile by PCR based assays. Forty five percent of the isolates were resistant to clindamycin and positive for the ermB gene. All clindamycin resistant isolates were ermB positive and belonged to the same fingerprinting group, suggesting clonal spread. These preliminary results suggest that clindamycin resistant isolates may be common etiologic agents of CDAD in Sweden.
  • Abdeldaim, Guma M. K., et al. (författare)
  • Detection of Haemophilus influenzae in respiratory secretions from pneumonia patients by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - : Elsevier. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 64:4, s. 366-373
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on the omp P6 gene was developed to detect Haemophilus influenzae. Its specificity was determined by analysis of 29 strains of 11 different Haemophilus spp. and was compared with PCR assays having other target genes: rnpB, 16S rRNA, and bexA. The method was evaluated on nasopharyngeal aspirates from 166 adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia. When 104 DNA copies/mL was used as cutoff limit for the method, P6 PCR had a sensitivity of 97.5% and a specificity of 96.0% compared with the culture. Of 20 culture-negative but P6 PCR-positive cases, 18 were confirmed by fucK PCR as H. influenzae. Five (5.9%) of 84 nasopharyngeal aspirates from adult controls tested PCR positive. We conclude that the P6 real-time PCR is both sensitive and specific for identification of H. influenzae in respiratory secretions. Quantification facilitates discrimination between disease-causing H. influenzae strains and commensal colonization.
  • Abdeldaim, Guma M. K., et al. (författare)
  • Quantitative fucK gene polymerase chain reaction on sputum and nasopharyngeal secretions to detect Haemophilus influenzae pneumonia
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - : Elsevier. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 76:2, s. 141-146
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the fucK gene was developed for specific detection of Haemophilus influenzae. The method was tested on sputum and nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) from 78 patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). With a reference standard of sputum culture and/or serology against the patient's own nasopharyngeal isolate, H. influenzae etiology was detected in 20 patients. Compared with the reference standard, fucK PCR (using the detection limit 10(5) DNA copies/mL) on sputum and NPA showed a sensitivity of 95.0% (19/20) in both cases, and specificities of 87.9% (51/58) and 89.5% (52/58), respectively. In a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, sputum fucK PCR was found to be significantly superior to sputum P6 PCR for detection of H. influenzae CAP. NPA fucK PCR was positive in 3 of 54 adult controls without respiratory symptoms. In conclusion, quantitative fucK real-time PCR provides a sensitive and specific identification of H. influenzae in respiratory secretions.
  • Abdeldaim, Guma M. K., et al. (författare)
  • Toward a quantitative DNA-based definition of pneumococcal pneumonia : a comparison of Streptococcus pneumoniae target genes, with special reference to the Spn9802 fragment
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 60:2, s. 143-150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The current shift from phenotypically toward genotypically based microbial diagnosis is not unproblematic. A novel quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay based on the Spn9802 DNA fragment was therefore developed for detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Out of 44 bacterial species, only S. pneumoniae and Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae were positive in Spn9802 PCR. In an evaluation on nasopharyngeal aspirates from 166 patients with community-acquired pneumonia, the assay was positive in 49 of 50 culture-positive cases. Of 19 culture-negative but Spn9802 PCR-positive cases, 12 were confirmed as S. pneumoniae by rnpB sequence analysis. With an expanded reference standard, including culture and rnpB sequencing, Spn9802 had a sensitivity of 94% and a specificity of 98%. A cutoff for clinically significant positivity was 10(4) DNA copies/mL, giving 71% sensitivity and 100% specificity. In conclusion, Spn9802 real-time PCR is highly sensitive and specific. The quantification it provides enables differentiation between pneumococcal pathogenicity and commensalism.
  • Barisic, Ivan, et al. (författare)
  • Multiplex detection of antibiotic resistance genes using padlock probes
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 77:2, s. 118-125
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The elucidation of resistance mechanisms is of central importance to providing and maintaining efficient medical treatment. However, molecular detection methods covering the complete set of resistance genes with a single test are still missing. Here, we present a novel 100-plex assay based on padlock probes in combination with a microarray that allows the simultaneous large-scale identification of highly diverse beta-lactamases. The specificity of the assay was performed using 70 clinical bacterial isolates, recovering 98% of the beta-lactamase nucleotide sequences present. Additionally, the sensitivity was evaluated with PCR products and genomic bacterial DNA, revealing a detection limit of 10(4) DNA copies per reaction when using PCR products as the template. Pre-amplification of genomic DNA in a 25-multiplex PCR further facilitated the detection of beta-lactamase genes in dilutions of 10(7) cells/mL. In summary, we present an efficient, highly specific, and highly sensitive multiplex detection method for any gene.
  • Dumke, Roger, et al. (författare)
  • Multi-center evaluation of one commercial and 12 in-house real-time PCR assays for detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 88:2, s. 111-114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae by real-time PCR is not yet standardized across laboratories. We have implemented a standardization protocol to compare the performance of thirteen commercial and in-house approaches. Despite differences on threshold values of samples, all assays were able to detect at least 20 M. pneumoniae genomes per reaction.
  • Isaksson, J., et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of species identification of endocarditis associated viridans streptococci using rnpB genotyping and 2 MALDI-TOF systems
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 81:4, s. 240-245
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Streptococcus spp. are important causes of infective endocarditis but challenging in species identification. This study compared identification based on sequence determination of the rnpB gene with 2 systems of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry, MALDI Biotyper (Bruker) and VITEK MS IVD (bioMerieux). Blood culture isolates of viridans streptococci from 63 patients with infective endocarditis were tested. The 3 methods showed full agreement for all 36 isolates identified in the Anginosus, Bovis, and Mutans groups or identified as Streptococcus cristatus, Streptococcus gordonii, or Streptococcus sanguinis. None of the methods could reliably identify the 23 isolates to the species level when designated as Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, or Streptococcus tigurinus. In 7 isolates classified to the Mitis group, the rnpB sequences deviated strikingly from all reference sequences, and additional analysis of sodA and groEL genes indicated the occurrence of yet unidentified Streptococcus spp. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Karah, Nabil, et al. (författare)
  • Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants qnr and aac(6')-Ib-cr in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. from Norway and Sweden
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 66:4, s. 425-431
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The prevalence of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes qnr and aac(6')-Ib-cr was investigated among clinical isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. selected from 2 collections of consecutive isolates collected in 2004 to 2005 in Norway (n = 2479) and Sweden (n = 2980) and 1 group of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates collected in 2003 in Norway (n = 71). A total of 414 isolates was selected for screening based on resistance to nalidixic acid and/or reduced susceptibility/resistance to ciprofloxacin. The prevalence of both qnr and aac(6')-Ib-cr was higher among the ESBL producers (9.1% and 52.3%, respectively) than in the consecutive isolates (1.1% and 3.2%, respectively). qnrS1 was detected in 6 isolates, whereas qnrB1 and qnrB7 were detected in 2 isolates. The genetic structure surrounding qnrS1 was similar to previously described structures. In 2 isolates, qnrS1 was located on conjugative IncN-type plasmids of approximately 140 kb.
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