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  • Ahmed, Jawwad, et al. (författare)
  • A Dynamic Bulk Provisioning Framework for Concurrent Optimization in PCE-Based WDM Networks
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lightwave Technology. - IEEE. - 0733-8724. ; 30:14, s. 2229-2239
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A centralized network control and management plane, such as the one based on a path computation element (PCE), is highly beneficial in terms of resource optimization in wavelength division multiplexing optical networks. Benefits of centralized provisioning are even more evident when connection requests are provisioned in batches, i.e., they allow a better use of network resources via concurrent optimization. In this study, a dynamic bulk provisioning framework is presented with the objective of optimizing the use of network resources that also presents, as an additional benefit, the ability to yield a reduction of the control plane overhead. The rationale behind the proposed framework is based on a mechanism in which the PCE client is allowed to bundle and simultaneously send multiple labeled switch path (LSP) requests to the PCE where, in turn, several bundles can be concurrently processed together as a single bulk. From the network deployment perspective, a PCE-based network architecture is proposed to practically realize this approach. For dynamic bulk provisioning of optical LSP requests, a time-efficient integer linear programming (ILP) model (LSP BP ILP) is presented to minimize the request blocking, the network resource consumption, and the network congestion. In addition, a heuristic based on a greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP), namely LSP_BP_GRASP, is also proposed as a scalable alternative. The presented results demonstrate significant advantages of the proposed PCE bulk provisioning framework based on concurrent optimization in terms of reduced blocking probability and control overhead when compared with conventional dynamic connection provisioning approaches processing a single connection request at a time.
  • Alic, N., et al. (författare)
  • Joint Statistics and MLSD in Filtered Incoherent High-Speed Fiber-Optic Communications
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lightwave Technology. - 0733-8724. ; 28:10, s. 1564-1572
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, signal statistics and their utilization for detection in narrowly filtered equalized high-speed fiber-optic communications are investigated experimentally. Tradeoffs between log-likelihood metric applications and oversampling are covered in detail. It is, for the first time, demonstrated that performance loss in bandwidth-limited systems can be nearly fully recovered (to within 0.5 dB) by taking advantage of band-width-limitation-induced noise correlations and oversampling.
  • Bakke, T., et al. (författare)
  • Polymeric optical spot-size transformer with vertical and lateral tapers
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lightwave Technology. - 0733-8724. ; 20:7, s. 1188-1197
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The design, fabrication, and characterization of a polymeric optical spot-size transformer with vertical and lateral tapers is reported. The vertical taper is formed by utilizing the planarization properties of a polymer, while the lateral taper is defined by photolithography. An optimization method for the taper shape is described based on fundamental results from coupled local mode theory. A total fiber to waveguide insertion loss of 0.6 dB has been measured with the integration of the transformer, an improvement of 2.1 dB. The spatial alignment tolerance for 1 dB excess loss was measured to ±2.7 µm, consistent with theory.
  • Beygi, Lotfollah, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Signal Statistics in Fiber-Optical Channels with Polarization Multiplexing and Self-Phase Modulation
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology. - 0733-8724. ; 29:16, s. 2379-2386
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, the statistics of received signals in a single-channel dispersion-managed dual-polarization fiber-optical channel are derived in the limit of low dispersion. The joint probability density function (pdf) of the received amplitudes and phases of such a system is derived for both lumped and distributed amplification. The new pdf expressions are used to numerically evaluate the performance of modulation formats over channels with nonlinear phase noise. For example, a sensitivity gain of up to 2 dB is calculated for a specific system using polarization-multiplexed 8-ary phase shift keying compared with a similar single-polarization system at the same spectral efficiency and a symbol error rate of 5*10^(-4). Moreover, the accuracy of the derived pdf is evaluated for some single-channel dispersion-managed fiber-optical links with different dispersion-maps using the split-step Fourier transform method.
  • Björk, Gunnar, et al. (författare)
  • Proposed Implementation of "Non-Physical" Four-Dimensional Polarization Rotations
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lightwave Technology. - IEEE. - 0733-8724. ; 34:14, s. 3317-3322
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently one of us proposed a new formalism for modeling electromagnetic wave transformations for coherent communication using a real, four-vector description instead of the conventionally used Jones calculus or the Mueller matrices. The four-vector can then handle all superpositions of two orthogonal polarization basis and two orthogonal time bases (e.g., the in-phase and quadrature phase). In developing this formulation it was found that to provide a general but minimal framework for such rotations, it is natural to divide the six generators of four-dimensional (4d) rotations into two groups of three generators, the right-and the left-isoclinic matrices. Of the six transformations these generators define, it was furthermore found that four of them are readily implemented by linear optical components, while two of then were impossible to implement by such means. In this paper, we detail the reason these two "unphysical" rotations cannot be implemented with linear optics. We also suggest how they can be implemented, but at a cost in the signal-to-noise ratio, and give this minimum cost.
  • Campi, Roberta, et al. (författare)
  • Highly reliable and high-yield 1300-nm InGaAlAs directly modulated ridge fabry-Perot lasers, operating at 10-gb/s, up to 110°C, with constant current swing
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lightwave Technology. - 0733-8724. ; 24:1, s. 143-149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Transceivers for 300-m multimode links, based on a serial 10-Gb/s laser source and incorporating a receiver based on electronic dispersion compensation (EDC), are creating the first high-volume application for a 10-Gb Fabry-Perot (FP). A highly reliable and high-yield uncooled ridge FP laser is presented. The device shows excellent power characteristics in the 25 divided by 150 degrees C temperature range with very high To (95 K in the temperature range 0 divided by 85 C and still 78 K at 150 degrees C). Outstanding dynamic performances are also shown: 6 dB of extinction ratio can be achieved up to 110 degrees C by using a constant current swing of 50 mA. Because of their enhanced performances, these devices have enabled single temperature setting of the optical module, leading to a significant test cost reduction.
  • Carlsson, C., et al. (författare)
  • Analog modulation properties of oxide confined VCSELs at microwave frequencies
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lightwave Technology. - 0733-8724. ; 20:9, s. 1740-1749
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Motivated by the need for affordable, high-performance fiber-optic microwave links in fiber-fed microcellular networks and radar systems, we have performed a comprehensive experimental evaluation of the microwave modulation characteristics of high-speed oxide-confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) emitting at 840 inn. VCSELs with different oxide aperture diameters, including both single- and multimode lasers, have been used to track the dependence on modal behavior. The study includes both static and dynamic characteristics, with an emphasis on those of major importance for analog modulation. This includes the small-signal modulation response (S-11 and S-21), the relative intensity noise (RIN), and the intermodulation distortion. From this, we determine the spurious free dynamic range, the impedance characteristics, and the speed limitations.
  • Carlsson, Christina, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs-comparing standard and high bandwidth multimode fibers
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Lightwave Technology. - 0733-8724. ; 22:7, s. 1694-1700
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fiber-optic radio-frequency links have been assembled using oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) and multimode fibers. Links with single and multimode VCSELs and with standard and high-bandwidth fibers have been evaluated and compared in the frequency range of 0.1-10 GHz. The best results were obtained for links with a multimode VCSEL and a high-bandwidth fiber. For a 500-m-long link, a spurious free dynamic range of 104 dB. HZ(2/3) at 2 GHz and 100 dB (.) Hz(2/3) at 5, GHz were obtained while allowing for a VCSEL-fiber misalignment of +/-12 mum. Corresponding numbers for the intrinsic link gain and noise figure are -29 and -33 dB, and 39 and 42 dB at 2 and 5 GHz, respectively. Inferior performance Was observed for the standard fiber link due to a larger variation in modal group velocities. This paper also presents a detailed link analysis to identify performance limitations and to suggest modifications for improved performance.
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