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Sökning: L773:0885 8195 OR L773:1543 0154

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  • Andersson, Sonia, et al. (författare)
  • Acceptance of Self-Sampling Among Long-Term Cervical Screening Non-Attenders with HPV-Positive Results : Promising Opportunity for Specific Cancer Education
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cancer Education. - : Springer. - 0885-8195 .- 1543-0154.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aims to investigate acceptance of vaginal self-sampling for high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) among long-term screening non-attenders at increased cervical cancer risk and to identify leverage points to promote screening adherence among these women. Forty-three long-term screening non-attenders performed home vaginal self-sampling for HPV, had positive HPV results, and subsequently attended gynecologic examination. Sixteen (37.2%) had high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2 or 3), and two had invasive cervical cancer. Forty-one of these women completed a questionnaire concerning Specific Knowledge about HPV, CIN, and cervical cancer, potential barriers to screening and views about self-sampling. Results were compared with 479 women treated for CIN2+ who attended gynecologic follow-up and also performed self-sampling. Significant multivariate predictors of long-term non-attender status compared with referents were low Specific Knowledge, high confidence in self-sampling, and potential barriers-refraining from activity to attend gynecologic examination, needing another's help to attend, and long travel time. Non-attenders citing fear/refraining from gynecologic examination as why they preferred self-sampling significantly more often had lowest Specific Knowledge compared with other non-attenders. All non-attenders could envision themselves doing self-sampling again while only 74% of referents endorsed this statement (p = 0.0003). We conclude that HPV self-sampling is an acceptable option for women at increased cervical cancer risk who have been long-term screening non-attenders. Educational outreach to enhance Specific Knowledge about HPV, CIN and cervical cancer is critical. Those non-attenders who explicitly avoid gynecologic examinations need special attention. Trial Registry: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02750124.
  • Arving, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Registered Nurses' Thoughts on Blended Learning in a Postgraduate Course in Cancer care : Content Analyses of Web Surveys and a Focus Group Interview
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cancer Education. - 0885-8195 .- 1543-0154. ; 29:2, s. 278-283
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose of the research was to describe registered nurses' (RNs) (n = 53) thoughts on the blended learning format in a 'specialist nursing programme in cancer care'. The study was conducted in autumn 2007 and 2008. A content analysis of answers to open-ended questions in a web-based questionnaire and a focus group interview were carried out. The analysis revealed that the RNs appreciated blended learning. The web lectures facilitated learning and gave RNs access to the education at any time. However, according to the RNs, knowledge is gained through interaction between RNs and teachers, and this aspect needed to be improved. The RNs also thought that the content of the seminars on campus should focus on evidence-based nursing knowledge and practical skills, not just taught as stable facts and procedures. The result from the present study could help to improve the design and content of advanced nursing courses using a blended learning format.
  • Carlsson, Maria E., 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Qualitative analysis of the questions raised by patients with gynecologic cancers and their relatives in an educational support group.
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cancer Education. - 0885-8195 .- 1543-0154. ; 14:1, s. 41-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND People's knowledge of cancer is generally inadequate to help them cope with a diagnosis of cancer. Educational support groups may allow cancer patients to receive information they want that is normally not covered in the individual clinical encounter. It was desired to identify the content of such information as reflected in the questions asked by cancer patients and their relatives in such support groups. METHOD The 329 questions asked by 41 patients and 11 of their relatives in 40 group sessions were analyzed and categorized. RESULTS The categories found are described. Almost 100 questions could be allocated to the category "the illness," of which the most common was, "Is cancer hereditary?" The questions made it clear that the patients had a wish and a need to understand cancer. CONCLUSION An educational support group provides a complement to, and not a substitute for, the clinical provision of medical information.
  • Neher, Margit, et al. (författare)
  • Preparedness to Implement Physical Activity and Rehabilitation Guidelines in Routine Primary Care Cancer Rehabilitation : Focus Group Interviews Exploring Rehabilitation Professionals Perceptions
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cancer Education. - : Springer-Verlag New York. - 0885-8195 .- 1543-0154.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To explore primary care professionals perceptions of physical activity and other cancer rehabilitation practice in cancer survivors, investigating the preparedness to implement guidelines regarding cancer rehabilitation. We collected qualitative data through seven semi-structured focus group interviews with 48 rehabilitation professionals, with mean 9 years of experience in primary care rehabilitation (32 physiotherapists, 15 occupational therapists, and 1 rehabilitation assistant) in a primary care setting. Data was analyzed using content analysis. Primary care rehabilitation professionals expressed limited experience of cancer survivors, experienced lack of knowledge of cancer-related disability, and had doubts concerning how to treat cancer survivors. They also experienced uncertainty about where to find collaboration and support in the healthcare system outside their own rehabilitation clinic. There is a need to combine different implementation strategies to tackle multiple barriers for effective cancer survivor rehabilitation in primary care, to boost individual rehabilitation professionals knowledge and self-efficacy, to clarify roles and responsibilities for cancer rehabilitation across levels of care, and to develop and strengthen organizational bridges to provide adequate access to rehabilitation for cancer survivors.
  • Wendt, Christel (författare)
  • Perception and Assessment of Verbal and Written Information on Sex and Relationships after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cancer Education. - : Springer. - 0885-8195 .- 1543-0154. ; 32:4, s. 681-689
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed to investigate experiences of verbal and written information about sex and relationships among men and women treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The study also aimed to investigate the demand for information and assessment of the quality of written patient information material entitled "Sex and relationships in the treatment of blood diseases." Few studies exist that shed any light on the demand for information about sex and relationships on the part of patients with hematological diseases before, during, and after their treatment. A total of 216 patients undergoing treatment for malignant blood diseases between 2000 and 2010 participated in this study. Patients' experiences of information about sex and relationships, and their opinions about the written patient information, were assessed using a questionnaire created specifically for this study. Most patients (81 %) had not received information about sex and relationships from a healthcare professional. Almost 90 % of men felt that verbal information was important, compared with 82 % of women. The majority also held that written information was important. These results indicate that patients, regardless of gender, age, and treatment, consider oral and written information about sex and relationships to be important and that the healthcare system should provide the information. The written patient information was considered to play an important role in creating an opening for a conversation about a sensitive topic such as sexuality, and also as a source of reference and support for the patient and his/her partner.
  • Lithner, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Patients' Perception of Information and Health-Related Quality of Life 1 Month After Discharge for Colorectal Cancer Surgery.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cancer Education. - : HANLEY & BELFUS INC. - 1543-0154. ; 30:3, s. 514-521
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate how patients perceive information and their health-related quality of life 1 month after discharge for colorectal cancer surgery. The aim was also to compare these results with the first 2 weeks at home and to identify factors related to the perception of information. One hundred patients from three surgical clinics in the south of Sweden were included in this study. Perception of information was assessed with EORTC QLQ-INFO25, health-related quality of life with QLQ-C30 and QLQ-CR38, classification of physical status with American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) and sense of coherence with SOC-13. Patients in this study did not receive enough information, and this had not changed significantly since the first 2 weeks at home. Only one subscale about disease information (p = 0.01) had improved since the first 2 weeks at home, while health-related quality of life had improved significantly during the same period. Poorer physical status and living alone were related to a perception of having received less information after discharge. Patients did not receive sufficient information to prepare them for the period at home after discharge, and their perception of information remained during the first month at home. Patients with a poorer preoperative physical status and who live alone constitute a vulnerable group in need of more information at discharge. This enhances the need to individualize the information and to offer multiple ways of accessing information after discharge.
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