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Sökning: L773:08929912

  • Resultat 1-10 av 12
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1.
  • Andersson, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Small business innovation : firm level evidence from Sweden
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - 0892-9912. ; 37:5, s. 732-754
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper examines innovation among very small firms and provides new insights into both internal and external determinants of patenting. Applying a non-linear panel data approach to about 160,000 observations on manufacturing firms in Sweden for the period 2000-2006, the following facts emerge: (i) in contrast to larger firms, innovation in micro firms with 1-10 employees is not sensitive to variation in internal financial resources, (ii) skilled labour is even more important for innovation among micro firms compared to other firms, (iii) affiliation to a domestically owned multinational enterprise group increases the innovation capacity of small businesses, (iv) small firms' innovation is closely linked to participation in international trade and exports to the G7-countries, and (v) there is no statistically significant evidence that proximity to metropolitan areas, or presence in a specialized cluster, increases the innovativeness of the smallest firm.
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2.
  • Asheim, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Contextualising Regional Innovation Systems in a Globalising Learning Economy: On Knowledge Bases and Institutional Frameworks
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - Springer. - 0892-9912. ; 31:1, s. 163-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In order to advance the understanding of which types of regional innovation system represent effective innovation support for what kinds of industry in different regions analyses must be contextualized by reference to the actual knowledge base of various industries as well as to the regional and national institutional framework, which strongly shape the innovation processes of firms. Of special importance is the linkage between the larger institutional frameworks of the national innovation and business systems, and the character of regional innovation systems. In making the arguments about a general correspondence between the macro-institutional characteristics of the economy and the dominant form and character of its regional innovation systems a link is provided to the literature on varieties of capitalism and national business systems.
3.
  • Asheim, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Regional innovation systems: The integration of local 'sticky' and global 'ubiquitous' knowledge
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - Springer. - 08929912. ; 27:1, s. 77-86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper examines how firms in three regional clusters in Norway dominated by shipbuilding, mechanical engineering and electronics industry, respectively exploit both place-specific local resources as well as external, world-class knowledge to strengthen their competitiveness. From these case-studies we make four points: (1) ideal-typical regional innovation systems, i.e., regional clusters "surrounded" by supporting local organisations, is rather uncommon in Norway; (2) external contacts, outside of the local industrial milieu, are crucial in innovation processes also in many SMEs; (3) innovation processes may nevertheless be regarded as regional phenomena in regional clusters, as regional resources and collaborative networks often have decisive significance for firms' innovation activity; and (4) regional resources include in particular place-specific, contextual knowledge of both tacit and codified nature, that, in combination, is rather geographically immobile.
4.
  • Broström, Anders (författare)
  • Firms' rationales for interaction with research universities and the principles for public co-funding
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - 0892-9912. ; 37:3, s. 313-329
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • R&D managers at 50 firms who have formal relations with two research universities in Stockholm are interviewed about their rationales for collaboration. Drawing on this material, a distinctive typology of rationales for establishing cooperative relations is presented. While the typology demonstrates a considerable breadth of interaction rationales, rationales related to innovation, in terms of invented or improved products or processes, are found to be the main drivers for interaction. Based on this framework, we analyse which rationales for interaction are consistent with public rationales for supporting university-industry relationships. Public co-funding that allow firms to influence (part of) the academic agenda is identified as a particularly interesting case that requires further theoretical attention.
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5.
  • Dachs, B., et al. (författare)
  • The Innovative Performance of Foreign-owned Enterprises in Small Open Economies
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - 0892-9912. ; 33:4, s. 393-406
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper compares the innovative performance of foreign-owned and domestically owned enterprises in five European countries. We look at innovation inputs, outputs, and examine how strong foreign-owned enterprises are embedded in the innovations systems of their host countries. We find that foreign ownership is associated with similar levels of innovation input, but higher levels of innovation output and higher labour productivity compared to domestic ownership. In four of the five countries, affiliates of foreign multinationals show a similar or even a higher propensity to co-operate with domestic partners than domestically owned enterprises.
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6.
  • Goel, Rajeev K., et al. (författare)
  • Nascent entrepreneurship and inventive activity: a somewhat new perspective
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - Springer. - 0892-9912. ; 38:4, s. 471-485
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper focuses on the nexus between nascent entrepreneurship (NE) and inventive activity. It questions how NE affects inventive activity (including innovation and patenting) while analyzing the views and predictions that have used patenting as an indicator of entrepreneurial behavior. Using data on German researchers and controlling for their personal, professional and institutional attributes, the findings show that NE increases both patenting and innovation. Implications for technology policy are discussed.
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7.
  • Johansson, Mattias, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • 'The strength of strong ties':
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - Springer. - 0892-9912. ; 30, s. 271-286
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article investigates the relationship between universities and academic spin-offs, with special emphasis on the antecedent conditions of, and the nature of the linkages that the spin-offs form, as well as the means for sustaining them. The present research uses an instrumental case study approach, and is also an instance of a collective case study as four companies of various size and activities have been studied together. The preliminary results indicate that the network relations are characterized by a small number of strong ties to universities, with a high degree of trust and informality. Although fruitful for the transfer of complex knowledge, the strength of the ties also make them difficult to substitute, which may lead to problems as the spin-offs are highly dependent on continued basic research support. This may in turn lead to implications for policy at university, as well as higher levels
8.
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9.
  • Lööf, Hans, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Does knowledge diffusion between university and industry increase innovativeness?
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - Springer. - 0892-9912. ; 33:1, s. 73-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents an econometric analysis of the impact of collaboration with universities on the innovative output of firms. We also illustrate the differences that emerge from robustness checks, based on different matching estimators and samples. Our findings strongly suggest that university collaboration has a positive influence on the innovative activity of large manufacturing firms. In contrast, there appears to be an insignificant association between university collaboration and the average service firm's innovation output.
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10.
  • Nilsson, Anna S., et al. (författare)
  • Transfer of academic research: uncovering the grey zone
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer. - Springer. - 0892-9912. ; 35:6, s. 617-636
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this study, we respond to calls for further investigation on why and how scientists choose to commercialize their research. Mowery (University entrepreneurship and technology transfer: process design, and intellectual property, Elsevier, Oxford 2005), in his criticism of the US-system, emphasizes the need for multiple channels between university and industry. His argument makes the case of Sweden interesting, where the researchers own the intellectual property of their research. Sweden thus constitutes a unique case where data can be found on which choices researchers make in a setting where a variety of channels for transfer are available. Our empirical data, collected through case studies, allowed for the expansion of the typology for mechanisms for transfer of academic research as well as the development of a typology for determinants for researchers' choice to engage in transfer of research. Apart from those contributions to the theoretic discussion, the data also provided policy implications.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 12
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