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Sökning: L773:0896 8411 OR L773:1095 9157

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  • Alarcon-Riquelme, Marta E., et al. (författare)
  • Finding genes for SLE : complex interactions and complex populations
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 21:2, s. 117-120
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Many years of work, multiplex family collection and endless genotyping finally give fruit. The original aim cannot be lost. The aim is not only to identify mutations involved in susceptibility for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) but to elucidate the disease pathogenesis as well. After genetics comes the biology. We review our recent findings on the genetics of lupus, provide possible mechanisms for disease susceptibility and present some facts on the problematic of identifying susceptibility mutations for complex diseases in complex human populations.
  • Schloot, N, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of cytokine ELISpot assay formats for the detection of islet antigen autoreactive T cells : Report of the third immunology of diabetes society T-cell workshop
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 21:4, s. 365-376
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The identification of sensitive assay formats capable of distinguishing islet autoreactive T cells directly ex vivo in blood is a major goal in type 1 diabetes research. Recently, much interest has been shown in the cytokine enzyme linked immunospot assay (CK ELISpot), an assay potentially capable of fulfilling these difficult criteria. To address the utility of this assay in detecting autoreactive T cells, a 'wet' workshop was organized using the same fresh blood sample and coded antigens. Five different laboratories participated, using three distinct CK ELISpot assay formats. Samples from two subjects were pre-tested for responses to sub-optimal concentrations of tetanus toxoid, representing a low frequency recall response, and peptides from diabetes associated autoantigens GAD65, IA-2 and HSP60. All participants measured interferon-? production and combinations of interleukins-4, -5, -10 and -13. In the workshop 4 of 5 laboratories detected low frequency recall responses in both subjects and 3 of 5 detected at least one of the autoreactive peptide responses concordant with pre-testing. Significant assay format related differences in sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio were observed. The results demonstrate the potential for detection of low-level autoreactive T cell responses and identify assay characteristics that will be useful for studies in type 1 diabetes. ⌐ 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Ardesjö, Brita, et al. (författare)
  • Autoantibodies to glutathione S-transferase theta 1 in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and other autoimmune diseases.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of autoimmunity. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 30:4, s. 273-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an enigmatic disorder with a suggested autoimmune basis. A variety of autoantigens have been suggested but no specific or highly directed epitope has been identified. To address this issue, we constructed a cDNA library from normal human choledochus and screened expressing clones with serum from a patient with PSC and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Based on this screening, glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1) was identified as a potential autoantigenic target. To study the specificity of GSTT1, we determined immunoreactivity using a panel of 58 patients with PSC, with and without IBD, 57 patients with IBD, 31 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 30 patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), 20 patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, 22 patients with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I, 10 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 20 patients with Sjögren's syndrome, 12 patients with autoimmune pancreatitis, 28 patients with Addison's disease, 27 patients with Grave's disease, 17 with myasthenia gravis, and 118 healthy controls. Reactivity against GSTT1 was found with PSC and IBD as well as some patients with other autoimmune pathology, indicating that this population of antibodies is neither specific nor a sensitive serologic marker for PSC, but the frequency was clearly higher in autoimmune patients than controls. GSTT1-antibodies have been described in persons with GSTT1-null genotype and are suggested to develop as an alloimmune response to blood transfusions from GSTT1-positive donors or pregnancies with GSTT1-positive children. Therefore, two IBD patients with and 15 PSC patients without GSTT1-antibodies were genotyped for GSTT1 to investigate if the presence of GSTT1-antibodies was associated with the GSTT1-null genotype and possibly caused by an alloimmune response. Both IBD patients and three of the PSC patients were of the GSTT1-null genotype. We note that the frequency of GSTT1-antibodies in this study is more than 100-fold higher than the frequency described earlier in patients with autoimmune diseases. We also observe an increased frequency of GSTT1-antibodies in patients with autoimmune diseases compared to healthy controls. This increased frequency can be explained by an autoimmune phenotype which increases susceptibility to such autoantibodies, or by a high frequency of the GSTT1-null genotype in autoimmune disease.
  • Bergman, Marie-Louise, et al. (författare)
  • CTLA-4-/- mice display T cell-apoptosis resistance resembling that ascribed to autoimmune-prone non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - : Elsevier. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 16:2, s. 105-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The genes conferring susceptibility to autoimmune (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus (IDDM) are, in most cases, not defined. Among the loci so far identified as associated with murine IDDM (Idd1-19), only the nature of Idd1 has been assessed. Here we show that thymocytes and peripheral lymphocytes of the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse are relatively resistant to apoptosis induced by gamma-irradiation. By linkage analysis of F2 progeny mice, we map this trait to a locus on chromosome 1 containing the Idd5 diabetes susceptibility region. By the use of congenic mice, we confirm the linkage data and map this locus to a 6 cM region on proximal chromosome 1. Ctla4, being localized in this chromosomal region and mediating crucial functions in T cell biology, is a logical candidate gene in the Idd5 susceptibility region. In line with this, we demonstrate that T cells from Ctla4(-/-)deficient mice show a similar resistance to gamma-irradiation-induced apoptosis as observed in the NOD mice. This reinforces the notion that CTLA-4 contributes to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes.
  • Colucci, Francesco, et al. (författare)
  • Induction of diabetes in NOD‹–›C57BL/6 embryo aggregation chimeras by cyclophosphamide through preferential depletion of C57BL/6 lymphocytes
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - : Elsevier. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 9:4, s. 493-499
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The majority of embryo aggregation (EA) mouse chimeras between non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice and C57BL/6 (B6) mice show clear signs of insulitis frequently accompanied by beta-cell destruction. Less than 5% of these chimeras, however, spontaneously progress to autoimmune diabetes, an incidence far lower than observed in NOD mice. The resistance in chimeras can be accounted for by the target organ chimerism and/or the immune system chimerism. To investigate the mechanism(s) controlling diabetes resistance in these mice, we studied a total of 92 NOD<-->B6 EA chimeras that showed overt lymphoid chimerism and treated 34 chimeras with cyclophosphamide (CY), a compound known to precipitate an acute form of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) in pre-diabetic NOD mice, by interfering with regulatory mechanisms. We found that CY-treated EA chimeras displayed an increase in the NOD:B6 lymphocyte ratio and 32% of them developed diabetes that could be adoptively transferred to irradiated NOD or NOD-rag-2-/- mice. These findings suggest that lymphocyte chimerism rather than beta-cell chimerism accounts for diabetes resistance in NOD<-->B6 EA chimeras and that the susceptibility to CY-induced diabetes may be related to the proportion of NOD versus B6 lymphoid cells.
  • Colucci, Francesco, et al. (författare)
  • Programmed cell death in the pathogenesis of murine IDDM : resistance to apoptosis induced in lymphocytes by cyclophosphamide
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - : Elsevier. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 9:2, s. 271-276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse displays several immune related defects, each of which could potentially contribute to the immunopathogenesis of diabetes that spontaneously develops in these mice. The reported resistance of NOD-lymphocytes to several apoptosis-inducing signals constitutes one such factor. Apoptosis plays a key role in the homeostasis of the immune system, as a means of selecting lymphocyte repertoires both in primary lymphoid organs and in the periphery; distortions in the apoptotic machinery may therefore be hypothesized to be implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders. We now report that cyclophosphamide constitutes an apoptosis signal to peripheral lymphocytes and we provide evidence that NOD B cells as well as both CD4 and CD8 T cells display resistance to cyclophosphamide-induced apoptosis. These observations support the notion that apoptosis resistance in NOD mice exists at various levels, and suggest that the CY-sensitive lymphoid population, believed to play an important role in inhibiting the disease in diabetes resistant NOD mice (particularly males), may be controlled by mechanisms that are mediated by apoptosis.
  • Dahle, Charlotte, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Methods of choice for diagnostic antinuclear antibody (ANA) screening : Benefit of adding antigen-specific assays to immunofluorescence microscopy
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 22:3, s. 241-248
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives. To evaluate and compare the performances of three enzyme-immunoassays (EIAs) and a double radial immunodiffusion (DRID) test in addition to immunofluorescence (IF) microscopy for routine laboratory screening of patient sera sent for antinuclear antibody (ANA) analysis. Methods. 3079 consecutive patient sera sent for routine testing of ANA were analysed by IF microscopy on HEp-2 cells (IF-ANA), three different ANA-EIAs, and a DRID test for antibodies against extractable nuclear antigens. The IF-ANA and DRID tests were regarded as reference methods. Results. By IF-ANA and/or DRID, 375 sera (12%) turned out ANA-positive. A further 171 sera (6%) were positive by EIA, but could not be confirmed either by IF microscopy or DRID. 32 of the 375 ANA-positive (9%) sera were negative by IF microscopy, but had precipitating antibodies against Ro/SS-A (52 and/or 60 kD). Conclusions. Different assays for ANA analysis give overlapping results to a certain extent, but are by no means interchangeable. Thus, different ANA tests reflect different aspects of these autoantibodies. The diagnostic utility of ANA testing still mainly refers to IF-microscopy and precipitin tests. IF-ANA should not be abandoned as the golden standard in clinical routine, until diagnostic and classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus and other systemic inflammatory autoimmune diseases have been revised. However, in addition we strongly advocate that a specific test for anti-Ro/SS-A antibodies is always included.
  • de Faire, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Low levels of IgM antibodies to phosphorylcholine predict cardiovascular disease in 60-year old men : Effects on uptake of oxidized LDL in macrophages as a potential mechanism
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 34:2, s. 73-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: We here determine the role of IgM antibodies against phosphorylcholine (anti-PC) in prediction of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and on macrophage uptake of Oxidized LDL (OxLDL). Methods: From a screening of 4232 subjects, 60-year-old (2039 men and 2193 women), 211 incident cases of CVD (myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or hospitalized angina pectoris) and 633 age- and sex-matched controls were identified through a 5-7 year follow-up. Serum levels of IgM anti-PC was determined by ELISA. Anti-PC was extracted from pooled human IgM and the effect of anti-PC on the uptake of OxLDL was studied by FACScan. Results: Relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (Cl) by quartiles of anti-PC levels with quartile 4 set as the reference value (RR = 1.0) and adjusted for smoking, BMI, type 11 diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, and high blood pressure yielded an excess risk for CVD only for those within the lowest quartile of anti-PC values with an RR of 1.37 (CI 0.87-2.16). However, for men stronger associations were noted with increasing multivariately adjusted RRs from quartile 4 to quartile 1. Subjects within quartile I (values below 29.7 U/ml) had a significantly increased RR of 1.96 (Cl 1.09-3.55). Further adjustments for hsCRP gave essentially the same results. No excess risk was noted for women. Specific anti-PC could be extracted from IgM and these antibodies inhibited macrophage uptake of OxLDL Conclusions: Low IgM anti-PC could be a novel risk marker for CVD among men. One possible mechanism could be inhibition of uptake of oxLDL in macrophages.
  • Enocsson, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels predict damage accrual in patients with recent-onset systemic lupus erythematosus
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - : Elsevier. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has potential as a prognosis and severity biomarker in several inflammatory and infectious diseases. In a previous cross-sectional study, suPAR levels were shown to reflect damage accrual in cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Herein, we evaluated suPAR as a predictor of future organ damage in recent-onset SLE. Methods: Included were 344 patients from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) Inception Cohort who met the 1997 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria with 5-years of follow-up data available. Baseline sera from patients and age- and sex-matched controls were assayed for suPAR. Organ damage was assessed annually using the SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI). Results: The levels of suPAR were higher in patients who accrued damage, particularly those with SDI≥2 at 5 years (N = 32, 46.8% increase, p = 0.004), as compared to patients without damage. Logistic regression analysis revealed a significant impact of suPAR on SDI outcome (SDI≥2; OR = 1.14; 95% CI 1.03–1.26), also after adjustment for confounding factors. In an optimized logistic regression to predict damage, suPAR persisted as a predictor, together with baseline disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), age, and non-Caucasian ethnicity (model AUC = 0.77). Dissecting SDI into organ systems revealed higher suPAR levels in patients who developed musculoskeletal damage (SDI≥1; p = 0.007). Conclusion: Prognostic biomarkers identify patients who are at risk of acquiring early damage and therefore need careful observation and targeted treatment strategies. Overall, suPAR constitutes an interesting biomarker for patient stratification and for identifying SLE patients who are at risk of acquiring organ damage during the first 5 years of disease.
  • Fossati-Jimack, Liliane, et al. (författare)
  • Selective increase of autoimmune epitope expression on aged erythrocytes in mice : implications in anti-erythrocyte autoimmune responses
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of Autoimmunity. - : Academic Press. - 0896-8411 .- 1095-9157. ; 18:1, s. 17-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We investigated the impact of changes occurring during red blood cell (RBC) ageing on the RBC-binding activity of pathogenic anti-erythrocyte monoclonal antibodies derived from autoimmune-prone New Zealand black (NZB) mice. As assessed by flow cytometric analysis on in vivo biotinylated RBCs, all five NZB-derived anti-RBC mAb exhibited more efficient binding to aged RBCs than to young RBCs, and resulted in a selective elimination of more aged RBCs from the circulating blood. In addition, treatment of RBCs with proteases markedly enhanced the binding of all five anti-RBC mAb, raising the possibility that increased exposure of autoimmune epitopes on aged RBCs may be in part, a result of contacts with proteolytic enzymes during the lifetime of circulating RBCs. In marked contrast, the binding activity of mAb raised in non-autoimmune animals against antigens expressed on RBCs, such as CD44, CD47, CD147 and TER-119, was either decreased or unchanged with RBC ageing, and these epitopes, except for that recognized by anti-CD47 mAb, were highly sensitive to mild treatment with proteases. Our data unravel the unique molecular feature of RBC epitopes involved in autoimmune haemolytic anaemia, suggesting that membrane alterations in aged RBCs might play a significant role in the development of the autoantibody response to RBCs.
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