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  • Abdulla, Maysaa, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic impact of abdominal lymph node involvement in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - 0902-4441 .- 1600-0609. ; 104:3, s. 207-213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The prognostic value of site of nodal involvement in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) is mainly unknown. We aimed to determine the prognostic significance of nodal abdominal involvement in relation to tumour cell markers and clinical characteristics of 249 DLBCL patients in a retrospective single-centre study.METHODS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and thorax revealed pathologically enlarged abdominal lymph nodes in 156 patients, while in 93 patients there were no pathologically enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen. In 81 cases, the diagnosis of DLBCL was verified by histopathological biopsy obtained from abdominal lymph node.RESULTS: Patients with abdominal nodal disease had inferior lymphoma-specific survival (P = .04) and presented with higher age-adjusted IPI (P < .001), lactate dehydrogenase (P < .001) and more often advanced stage (P < .001), bulky disease (P < .001), B symptoms (P < .001), and double expression of MYC and BCL2 (P = .02) compared to patients without nodal abdominal involvement, but less often extranodal involvement (P < .02). The worst outcome was observed in those where the abdominal nodal involvement was verified by histopathological biopsy.CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas patients with abdominal nodal disease had inferior outcome and more aggressive behaviour, reflected both in clinical and biological characteristics.
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  • Ahlstrand, Erik, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • Highly Reduced Survival in Essential Thrombocythemia and Polycythemia Vera Patients with Vascular Complications during Follow-up
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - : Munksgaard Forlag. - 0902-4441 .- 1600-0609. ; 104:3, s. 271-278
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To explore the relative importance of risk factors, treatments and blood counts for the occurrence of vascular complications and their impact on life expectancy in Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) and Polycythemia Vera (PV).METHODS: Nested case-control study within the Swedish MPN registry. From a cohort of 922 ET patients and 763 PV patients, 71 ET and 81 PV cases with vascular complications were compared to matched controls.RESULTS: Incidence of vascular complications were 2.0 and 3.4 events per 100 patient-years in ET and PV, respectively. At diagnosis, no significant risk factor differences were observed between cases and controls in neither of the diseases. At the time of vascular event, ET complication cases did not differ significantly from controls but in PV, cases had significantly higher WBCs and were to a lesser extent treated with antithrombotic and cytoreductive therapy. Life expectancy was significantly decreased in both ET and PV cases compared to controls.CONCLUSIONS: The risk of vascular complications is high in both ET and PV and these complications have a considerable impact on life expectancy. The protective effect of antithrombotic and cytoreductive therapy for vascular complications in PV underscores the importance of avoiding undertreatment.
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  • Amini, RM, et al. (författare)
  • A population-based study of the outcome for patients with first relapse of Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1600-0609 .- 0902-4441. ; 68:4, s. 225-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background : Our aims were to evaluate the response to salvage treatment in relation to initial treatment and to evaluate prognostic factors at the time of relapse in an unselected population of relapsing patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). Patients and methods: In total, 124 patients younger than 60 yr of age with initial diagnosis of HL in Sweden relapsed between 1985 and 1995. Results : Fifty-eight patients relapsed after initial treatment with radiotherapy (RT) only, 62 after combination chemotherapy (CT), of whom 30 had received additional involved-field RT, and four after a short course of CT followed by extended-field RT. For 37 patients among the 58 relapsers after initial RT treated according to the recommendations of the National guidelines, the 5-yr Hodgkin-specific survival (HLS) was 85%, overall survival (OS) 73% and event-free survival (EFS) 62%, which is not inferior to survival in patients with primarily advanced stages. It was poorer in the 21 patients who initially had received RT only, even though they had been recommended for more extensive treatment. For patients initially treated with a full course (6-8 cycles) of CT the 5-yr HLS was 60%, OS 58% and EFS 22%. Bulky disease and age at diagnosis strongly affected survival in a multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Patients initially treated with RT who relapse have a favourable outcome, provided they have been treated according to the recommendations of the guidelines at the time of diagnosis. Initially bulky disease and, as a consequence, additional RT as part of the initial treatment negatively affect survival at relapse in patients initially treated with a full course of CT.
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  • Amini, Rose-Marie, et al. (författare)
  • A population-based study of the outcome for patients with first relapse of Hodgkin lymphoma
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - 0902-4441 .- 1600-0609. ; 68:4, s. 225-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Our aims were to evaluate the response to salvage treatment in relation to initial treatment and to evaluate prognostic factors at the time of relapse in an unselected population of relapsing patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL).PATIENTS AND METHODS:In total, 124 patients younger than 60 yr of age with initial diagnosis of HL in Sweden relapsed between 1985 and 1995.RESULTS:Fifty-eight patients relapsed after initial treatment with radiotherapy (RT) only, 62 after combination chemotherapy (CT), of whom 30 had received additional involved-field RT, and four after a short course of CT followed by extended-field RT. For 37 patients among the 58 relapsers after initial RT treated according to the recommendations of the National guidelines, the 5-yr Hodgkin-specific survival (HLS) was 85%, overall survival (OS) 73% and event-free survival (EFS) 62%, which is not inferior to survival in patients with primarily advanced stages. It was poorer in the 21 patients who initially had received RT only, even though they had been recommended for more extensive treatment. For patients initially treated with a full course (6-8 cycles) of CT the 5-yr HLS was 60%, OS 58% and EFS 22%. Bulky disease and age at diagnosis strongly affected survival in a multivariate analysis.CONCLUSIONS:Patients initially treated with RT who relapse have a favourable outcome, provided they have been treated according to the recommendations of the guidelines at the time of diagnosis. Initially bulky disease and, as a consequence, additional RT as part of the initial treatment negatively affect survival at relapse in patients initially treated with a full course of CT.
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  • Amini, Rose-Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Treatment outcome in patients younger than 60 years with advanced stages (IIB-IV) of Hodgkin's disease: the Swedish National Health Care Programme experience
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - 0902-4441 .- 1600-0609. ; 65:6, s. 379-389
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Despite improved treatment results achieved in Hodgkin's disease (HD), only about 70% of patients with advanced stages are cured. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of advanced stages (IIB-IVB) of HD in younger patients in an unselected population-based group of patients. The patients were recommended individualized treatment with respect to number of chemotherapy (CT) courses and post-CT radiotherapy (RT) based on pretreatment characteristics and tumour response. Secondly, we investigated if variables of prognostic importance could be detected.PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1985-92, 307 patients between 17-59 yr of age (median 36) were diagnosed with HD in stages IIB-IVB in 5/6 health care regions in Sweden. Median follow-up time was 7.8 yr (1.3-13). Retrospectively, laboratory parameters were collected.RESULTS: In total, 267 (87%) patients had a complete response (CR). The overall and disease-free 10-yr survivals in the whole cohort were 76% and 67%, respectively. There was no difference in survival between the groups of patients who received 6 or 8 cycles of CT. Survival was not higher for patients in CR after CT when RT was added. For those in PR after CT, additional RT raised the frequencies of CR. A selected group of pathologically staged patients was successfully treated with a short course (2 cycles) of CT + RT. In univariate analyses survival was affected by age, stage IVB, bone-marrow involvement, B-symptoms, S-LDH, S-Alb and reaching CR or not after 2, 4 and 6 cycles of CT. In a multivariate analysis, age and reaching CR after 6 cycles of CT remained statistically significant.CONCLUSIONS: The lack of difference in survival between the groups of patients who received 6 versus 8 cycles of CT indicates a successful selection of patients for the shorter treatment. Reaching a rapid CR significantly affected outcome. Whether some patients need less CT than the generally recommended 8 courses can properly only be evaluated in a randomised study. Additional RT may play a role in successful outcome, particularly if residual tumours are present, but its precise role can also only be defined in prospectively randomised studies. Reaching CR after CT was the most important variable affecting survival besides age.
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