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Sökning: L773:0959 4973

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  • Berglund, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Intracellular concentration of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib in gastrointestinal stromal tumor cells.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - 0959-4973 .- 1473-5741. ; 25:4, s. 415-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal neoplasm in the gastrointestinal tract. In most GISTs, the underlying mechanism is a gain-of-function mutation in the KIT or the PDGFRA gene. Imatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that specifically blocks the intracellular ATP-binding sites of these receptors. A correlation exists between plasma levels of imatinib and progression-free survival, but it is not known whether the plasma concentration correlates with the intracellular drug concentration. We determined intracellular imatinib levels in two GIST cell lines: the imatinib-sensitive GIST882 and the imatinib-resistant GIST48. After exposing the GIST cells to imatinib, the intracellular concentrations were evaluated using LC-MS (TOF). The concentration of imatinib in clinical samples from three patients was also determined to assess the validity and reliability of the method in the clinical setting. Determination of imatinib uptake fits within detection levels and values are highly reproducible. The GIST48 cells showed significantly lower imatinib uptake compared with GIST882 in therapeutic doses, indicating a possible difference in uptake mechanisms. Furthermore, imatinib accumulated in the tumor tissues and showed intratumoral regional differences. These data show, for the first time, a feasible and reproducible technique to measure intracellular imatinib levels in experimental and clinical settings. The difference in the intracellular imatinib concentration between the cell lines and clinical samples indicates that drug transporters may contribute toward resistance mechanisms in GIST cells. This highlights the importance of further clinical studies to quantify drug transporter expression and measure intracellular imatinib levels in GIST patients.</p>
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  • Ceberg, Crister, et al. (författare)
  • Enhanced boron uptake in RG 2 rat gliomas by electropermeabilization in vivo--a new possibility in boron neutron capture therapy
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - Rapid Communications. - 0959-4973. ; 5:4, s. 463-466
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Accumulation of boron in tumor tissue is an indispensable requirement for boron neutron capture therapy and it is important that the uptake is as high as possible. In this work we have studied the influence of electropermeabilization in vivo on the uptake of boron in normal and RG 2 glioma bearing Fischer 344 rats. Two different boron compounds, a sulfhydryl boron hydride (BSH) and a boronated porphyrin (BOPP), have been investigated. The rats were infused intravenously during 5 min with 175 micrograms BSH/g body weight or 12 micrograms BOPP/g body weight. Two electrodes were placed 5 mm apart in the brain and electropermeabilization was performed with eight square 400 V pulses at 4 and 7 min after the end of the infusion. After 6 h the animals were killed, and the boron content in the tumors and the surrounding brain was measured with neutron-activated autoradiography. In electropermeabilized healthy animals the BOPP uptake was low and limited to the electrode lesions, whereas BSH was spread extensively throughout the hemisphere. Rats with gliomas showed doubled (BOPP) to 10-fold (BSH) uptake of boron in the tumor when electropermeabilization was performed as compared with untreated animals. We conclude that electropermeabilization in the future may provide an interesting possibility to increase the uptake of certain boron compounds before neutron capture therapy.
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  • Cirenajwis, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Reduction of the putative CD44+CD24- breast cancer stem cell population by targeting the polyamine metabolic pathway with PG11047.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - Rapid Communications. - 0959-4973. ; 21:10, s. 897-906
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered to be of particular concern in cancer as they possess inherent properties of self-renewal and differentiation, along with expressing certain genes related to a mesenchymal phenotype. These features favour the promotion of tumour recurrence and metastasis in cancer patients. Thus, the optimal chemotherapeutic treatment should target the CSC population, either by killing these cells and/or by inducing their transition to a more differentiated epithelial-like phenotype. Experiments were carried out on the trastuzumab-resistant human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-overexpressing breast cancer cell line JIMT-1 to unravel the chemotherapeutic effects of the polyamine analogue [N,N]bis(ethyl)-cis-6,7-dehydrospermine (PG11047) and of the polyamine biosynthetic inhibitor 2-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) on the CD44CD24 CSC population. Furthermore, effects on the properties of self-renewal and epithelial/mesenchymal markers were also investigated. Treatment with PG11047 reduced the CD44CD24 subpopulation of JIMT-1 cells by approximately 50%, inhibited and/or reduced self-renewal capability of the CSC population, decreased cell motility and induced expression of mesenchymal to epithelial transition-associated proteins that are involved in promoting an epithelial phenotype. By contrast, DFMO slightly increased the CD44CD24 subpopulation, increased cell motility and the level of mesenchymal-related proteins. DFMO treatment reduced the self-renewal capability of the CSC population. Both PG11047 and DFMO reduced the expression of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 protein, which is correlated to malignancy and resistance to trastuzumab in JIMT-1 cells. Our findings indicate that treatment with PG11047 targeted the CSC population by interfering with several stem cell-related properties, such as self-renewal, differentiation, motility and the mesenchymal phenotype.
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  • Dreilich, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Telomerase activity is not a key determinant of sensitivity to standard cytotoxic drugs in human esophageal carcinoma cell lines
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - 0959-4973 .- 1473-5741. ; 17:5, s. 503-509
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of the present study was to investigate if basal telomerase activity levels may predict sensitivity to cytotoxic drugs in a panel of human esophageal carcinoma cell lines. The TRAPeze telomerase detection assay was used to investigate telomerase activity in the cell lines. Cytotoxic drug sensitivity for 20 standard cytotoxic agents was assessed using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay (FMCA). Telomerase activity was detected in all cell lines with a broad range of activity levels. Drug sensitivity also varied considerably between the cell lines. Except for a P value towards a correlation between mitoxantrone and telomerase activity (P=0.054), no statistically significant correlation was found between telomerase activity levels and sensitivity to investigated drugs, including key drugs such as cisplatin (P=0.9), 5-fluorouracil (P=0.8) and doxorubicin (P=0.54). We therefore conclude that basal telomerase activity level is not a key determinant of sensitivity to standard cytotoxic drugs in esophageal carcinoma cell lines.</p>
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9.
  • Ekblad, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Reduced drug accumulation is more important in acquired resistance against oxaliplatin than against cisplatin in isogenic colon cancer cells.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - Rapid Communications. - 0959-4973. ; 21, s. 523-531
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Preclinical studies have indicated that there is only partial cross-resistance between cisplatin and oxaliplatin. The molecular background for this is incompletely known. To investigate the differences in resistance, we rendered a colon cancer cell line (S1) resistant against cisplatin and oxaliplatin and characterized the subclones with regard to cross-resistance, platinum uptake, and gene expression profiles. Four oxaliplatin and four cisplatin-resistant cell lines were produced from S1 by step-wise increasing the concentrations of the drugs in the growth medium. Cytotoxicity was determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and platinum accumulation in cell lysates and DNA preparations by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Gene expression was investigated by cDNA microarrays. The protein expression of the ATP-binding cassette B1 (ABCB1) was measured by immunohistochemistry. The cisplatin-resistant cell lines were 1.5-6.2-fold resistant against cisplatin and the oxaliplatin-resistant sublines 2.6-17-fold resistant against oxaliplatin. There was a limited degree of cross-resistance. Oxaliplatin resistance could be explained to a larger degree by reduced drug accumulation whereas mechanisms for increased tolerance against platinum incorporation in DNA seemed to be of higher importance for resistance against cisplatin. A greater number of ABC transporters were upregulated in the oxaliplatin-resistant cell lines compared with those selected for cisplatin resistance. ABCB1 was highly overexpressed in the three most oxaliplatin-resistant sublines, but significantly underexpressed in the two most cisplatin-resistant cell lines. This was also confirmed by immunohistochemistry. However, functional tests did not show any increase in ABCB1 transport activity in the oxaliplatin-resistant sub-lines compared with S1.
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