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Sökning: L773:0969 7330 > Engelska > Ersta Sköndal högskola

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1.
  • Ahlin, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Revalidation of the perceptions of conscience questionnaire (PCQ) and the stress of conscience questionnaire (SCQ)
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 19:2, s. 220-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire (PCQ) and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ) have previously been developed and validated within the 'Stress of Conscience Study'. The aim was to revalidate these two questionnaires, including two additional, theoretically and empirically significant items, on a sample of healthcare personnel working in direct contact with patients. The sample consisted of 503 healthcare personnel. To test variation and distribution among the answers, descriptive statistics, item analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to examine the underlying factor structure of the questionnaires. Support for adding the new item to the PCQ was found. No support was found for adding the new item to the SCQ. Both questionnaires can be regarded as valid for Swedish settings but can be improved by rephrasing some of the PCQ items and by adding items about private life to the SCQ.
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2.
  • Breitholtz, Agneta, et al. (författare)
  • Carers’ ambivalence in conflict situations with older persons
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 20:2, s. 226-237
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to illuminate the meaning of professional carers’ experiences in caring situations when a conflict of interest arises with the older person receiving care. The findings reveal the complexity of the carers’ ambivalence when facing a conflict of interest, weighing between the older persons’ right to self-determination and external demands. The carers are alone in their ambivalence and the conclusion is that they need help and support to be more present in the encounter. The implication for this study is a person-centred practice, and to focus on people as interdependent on support carers to maintain older people’s right to self-determination in the relationship.
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3.
  • Christine, Gustafsson, et al. (författare)
  • Municipal Night Nurses’ Experience of the Meaning of  Caring.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 16:5, s. 599-612
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to elucidate municipal night registered nurses’ (RNs) experiences of the meaning of caring in nursing. The research context involved all night duty RNs working in municipal care of older people in a medium-sized municipality located in central Sweden. The meaning of caring in nursing was experienced as: caring for by advocacy, superior responsibility in caring, and consultative nursing service. The municipal night RNs’ experience of caring is interpreted as meanings in paradoxes: ‘being close at distance’, the condition of ‘being responsible with insignificant control’, and ‘being interdependently independent’. The RNs’ experience of the meaning of caring involves focusing on the care recipient by advocating their perspectives. The meaning of caring in this context is an endeavour to grasp an overall caring responsibility by responding tovocational and personal demands regarding the issue of being a RN, in guaranteeing ethical, qualitative and competent care for older people.
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4.
  • Cronqvist, Agneta, et al. (författare)
  • Caring about--caring for : moral obligations and work responsibilities in intensive care nursing.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 11:1, s. 63-76
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to analyse experiences of moral concerns in intensive care nursing. The theoretical perspective of the study is based on relational ethics, also referred to as ethics of care. The participants were 36 intensive care nurses from 10 general, neonatal and thoracic intensive care units. The structural characteristics of the units were similar: a high working pace, advanced technology, budget restrictions, recent reorganization, and shortage of experienced nurses. The data consisted of the participants' examples of ethical situations they had experienced in their intensive care unit. A qualitative content analysis identified five themes: believing in a good death; knowing the course of events; feelings of distress; reasoning about physicians' 'doings' and tensions in expressing moral awareness. A main theme was formulated as caring about--caring for: moral obligations and work responsibilities. Moral obligations and work responsibilities are assumed to be complementary dimensions in nursing, yet they were found not to be in balance for intensive care nurses. In conclusion there is a need to support nurses in difficult intensive care situations, for example, by mentoring, as a step towards developing moral action knowledge in the context of intensive care nursing.
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5.
  • Dahlqvist, Vera, et al. (författare)
  • Development of the perceptions of conscience questionnaire.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 14:2, s. 181-193
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Health care often involves ethically difficult situations that may disquiet the conscience. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for identifying various perceptions of conscience within a framework based on the literature and on explorative interviews about perceptions of conscience (Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire). The questionnaire was tested on a sample of 444 registered nurses, enrolled nurses, nurses' assistants and physicians. The data were analysed using principal component analysis to explore possible dimensions of perceptions of conscience. The results showed six dimensions, found also in theory and empirical health care studies. Conscience was perceived as authority, a warning signal, demanding sensitivity, an asset, a burden and depending on culture. We conclude that the Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire is valid for assessing some perceptions of conscience relevant to health care providers.
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6.
  • Dwyer, Lise-Lotte, et al. (författare)
  • Three nursing home residents speak about meaning at the end of life.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 15:1, s. 97-109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article provides a deeper understanding of how meaning can be created in everyday life at a nursing home. It is based on a primary study concerning dignity involving 12 older people living in two nursing homes in Sweden. A secondary analysis was carried out on data obtained from three of the primary participants interviewed over a period of time (18-24 months), with a total of 12 interviews carried out using an inductive hermeneutic approach. The study reveals that sources of meaning were created by having a sense of: physical capability, cognitive capability, being needed, and belonging. Meaning was created through inner dialogue, communication and relationships with others. A second finding is that the experience of meaning can sometimes be hard to realize.
7.
  • Elmberger, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Experience of Dealing with Moral Responsibility as a Mother with Cancer
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 12:3, s. 253-262
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study explored how women with a diagnosis of cancer (lymphoma) deal with moral concerns related to their responsibility as parents. Ten women with cancer and who had children living at home were interviewed. The interviews were analysed according to the constant comparative method used in grounded theory. In order to provide a focus for the analysis, the ethics of care and the concept of mothering were used as sensitizing concepts. The core concept 'experience of dealing with moral responsibility of being a parent with cancer by redefining oneself as a mother' was identified. The processes involved were: interrupted mothering; facing the life-threatening illness and children's reactions; striving to be a good mother; attempting to deal with moral responsibility; and coming to terms with being a mother.
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8.
  • Franklin, Lise-Lotte, et al. (författare)
  • Views on dignity of elderly nursing home residents
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 13:2, s. 130-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Discussion about a dignified death has almost exclusively been applied to palliative care and people dying of cancer. As populations are getting older in the western world and living with chronic illnesses affecting their everyday lives, it is relevant to broaden the definition of palliative care to include other groups of people. The aim of the study was to explore the views on dignity at the end of life of 12 elderly people living in two nursing homes in Sweden. A hermeneutic approach was used to interpret the material, which was gathered during semi-structured interviews. A total of 39 interviews were transcribed. The analysis revealed three themes: (1) the unrecognizable body; (2) fragility and dependency; and (3) inner strength and a sense of coherence.
9.
  • Glasberg, Ann-Louise, et al. (författare)
  • Development and initial validation of the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 13:6, s. 633-648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stress in health care is affected by moral factors. When people are prevented from doing 'good' they may feel that they have not done what they ought to or that they have erred, thus giving rise to a troubled conscience. Empirical studies show that health care personnel sometimes refer to conscience when talking about being in ethically difficult everyday care situations. This study aimed to construct and validate the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ), a nine-item instrument for assessing stressful situations and the degree to which they trouble the conscience. The items were based on situations previously documented as causing negative stress for health care workers. Content and face validity were established by expert panels and pilot studies that selected relevant items and modified or excluded ambiguous ones. A convenience sample of 444 health care personnel indicated that the SCQ had acceptable validity and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha exceeded 0.83 for the overall scale). Explorative factor analysis identified and labelled two factors: 'internal demands' and 'external demands and restrictions'. The findings suggest that the SCQ is a concise and practical instrument for use in various health care contexts.
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10.
  • Gustafsson, Gabriella, et al. (författare)
  • Burnout and perceptions of conscience among health care personnel : a pilot study.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 17:1, s. 23-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although organizational and situational factors have been found to predict burnout, not everyone employed at the same workplace develops it, suggesting that becoming burnt out is a complex, multifaceted phenomenon. The aim of this study was to elucidate perceptions of conscience, stress of conscience, moral sensitivity, social support and resilience among two groups of health care personnel from the same workplaces, one group on sick leave owing to medically assessed burnout (n = 20) and one group who showed no indications of burnout (n = 20). The results showed that higher levels of stress of conscience, a perception of conscience as a burden, having to deaden one's conscience in order to keep working in health care and perceiving a lack of support characterized the burnout group. Lower levels of stress of conscience, looking on life with forbearance, a perception of conscience as an asset and perceiving support from organizations and those around them (social support) characterized the non-burnout group.
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