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Sökning: L773:0969 7330 > Engelska > Mittuniversitetet

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1.
  • Juthberg, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Perceptions of conscience in relation to stress of conscience.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 14:3, s. 329-343
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Every day situations arising in health care contain ethical issues influencing care providers' conscience. How and to what extent conscience is influenced may differ according to how conscience is perceived. This study aimed to explore the relationship between perceptions of conscience and stress of conscience among care providers working in municipal housing for elderly people. A total of 166 care providers were approached, of which 146 (50 registered nurses and 96 nurses' aides/enrolled nurses) completed a questionnaire containing the Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire. A multivariate canonical correlation analysis was conducted. The first two functions emerging from the analysis themselves explained a noteworthy amount of the shared variance (25.6% and 17.8%). These two dimensions of the relationship were interpreted either as having to deaden one's conscience relating to external demands in order to be able to collaborate with coworkers, or as having to deaden one's conscience relating to internal demands in order to uphold one's identity as a 'good' health care professional.
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2.
  • Lindström, Irma, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Documentation of patients participation in care at the end of life
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 13:4, s. 395-403
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to describe how patients' participation in the care they received was documented in their health care records during the last three months of their lives. Two hundred and twenty-nine deceased adult persons were randomly identified from 12 municipalities in a Swedish county and their records were selected from different health care units. Content analysis was used to analyse the text. Four categories of patient participation were described: refusing offered care and treatments; appealing for relief; desire for everyday life; and making personal decisions. The most common way for these patients to be involved in their care at the end of their life was by refusal of the treatment and care offered. Characteristic of the different ways of participation were the diverse activities represented. The description of patients' involvement in their life situation at this time indicated their dissociation from the health care offered more than consenting to it.  
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3.
  • Norbergh, Karl-Gustaf, et al. (författare)
  • Nurses' attitudes towards people with dementia : the semantic differential technique
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 13:3, s. 264-274
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One important aspect of the nurse-patient relationship is the nurses' attitudes towards their patients. Nurses' attitudes towards people with dementia have been studied from a wide range of approaches, but few of them have focused on the structure in nurses' attitudes. This study aimed to identify a structure in licensed practical nurses' attitudes towards people with dementia. Twenty-one group dwelling units for people with dementia at eleven nursing homes participated in the study. In all, 1,577 assessments of 178 patients were sent out to 181 respondents and 1,237 answers were returned. The semantic differential technique was used. The scale has 57 bipolar pairs of adjectives, which estimate an unknown number of dimensions of nurses' attitudes towards an identified patient. The assessments were analysed using entropy-based measures of association combined with structural plots. The analysis revealed four dimensions. These four dimensions related to licensed practical nurses' opinion of the patients; from an ethical and aesthetic dimension; their ability to understand; their ability to experience; their ability for social interaction. The study indicates that, on the positive to negative attitude continuum, attitudes fall at the positive to neutral end of the continuum. This is an important finding due to the personhood perspective. From this perspective, it is reasonable to assume that with a more positive attitude to people with dementia, the prerequisites for person-centred care will improve.
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4.
  • Rejnö, Åsa, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Ethical problems: In the face of sudden and unexpected death.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 19:5, s. 642-653
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • When people die suddenly and unexpectedly ethical issues often come to the fore. The aim of the study was to describe experiences of members of stroke teams in stroke units of ethical problems and how the teams manage the situation when caring for patients faced with sudden and unexpected death from stroke. Data were collected through four focus group interviews with 19 team members in stroke-unit teams, and analysed using interpretive content analysis. Three themes emerged from the analysis characterized by information, decisions about care and support for the next-of-kin in the changing and uncertain situation, with mutual trust as the core. Mutual trust, both within the stroke team and with next-of-kin was seen by the stroke-team members as a way of handling ethical problems by administering care with the patient's best interest at heart.
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5.
  • Rejnö, Åsa, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Strategies for handling ethical problems in sudden and unexpected death
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 20:6, s. 708-722
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • How ethical praxis is shaped by different contexts and situations has not been widely studied. We performed a follow-up study on stroke team members' experiences of ethical problems and how the teams managed the situation when caring for patients faced with sudden and unexpected death from stroke. A number of ways for handling ethical problems emerged, which we have now explored further. Data were collected through a three-part form used as base for individual interviews with 15 stroke team members and analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative content analysis. In the analysis, the approaches in the form were condensed into strategies, and the two different ways those strategies were preferred and used by the team members were shown. Hindrances perceived by the team members to impede them from working the preferred way were also revealed and grouped into eight categories.
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