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  • Gloveli, T, et al. (författare)
  • Kindling alters entorhinal cortex-hippocampal interaction by increased efficacy of presynaptic GABA(B) autoreceptors in layer III of the entorhinal cortex
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0969-9961. ; 13:3, s. 203-212
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We studied the effect of kindling, a model of temporal lobe epilepsy, on the frequency-dependent information transfer from the entorhinal cortex to the hippocampus in vitro. In control rats repetitive synaptic activation of layer III projection cells resulted in a frequency dependent depression of the synaptic transfer of action potentials to the hippocampus. One-to-two-days after kindling this effect was strongly reduced. Although no substantial change in synaptic inhibition upon single electrical stimulation was detected in kindled rats, there was a significant depression in the prolonged inhibition following high frequency stimulation. In kindled animals, paired-pulse depression (PPD) of stimulus-evoked IPSCs in layer III neurons was significantly stronger than in control rats. The increase of PPD is most likely caused by an increased presynaptic GABA(B) receptor-mediated autoinhibition. In kindled animals activation of presynaptic GABA(B) receptors by baclofen (10 muM) suppressed monosynaptic IPSCs significantly more than in control rats. In contrast, activation of postsynaptic GABA(B) receptors by baclofen was accompanied by comparable changes of the membrane conductance in both animal groups. Thus, in kindled animals activation of the layer III-CA1 pathway is facilitated by an increased GABA(B) receptor-mediated autoinhibition leading to an enhanced activation of the monosynaptic EC-CA1 pathway. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
  • O'Malley, KL, et al. (författare)
  • Targeted expression of BCL-2 attenuates MPP+ but not 6-OHDA induced cell death in dopaminergic neurons
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0969-9961. ; 14:1, s. 43-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease exhibit complex features of cell death reflecting both the primary lesion as well as surrounding interconnected events. Because Bcl-2 family members are intimately involved in cell death processes, the present Study used dopaminergic cultures from control, Bcl-2-overexpressing, or Bax-deficient genetically modified animals to determine the in situ effects of parkinsonism-inducing toxins. MPP+-mediated cell death was attenuated by Bcl-2 but did not require Bax. Accordingly, mutations or deletions within Bax heterodimerization domains, BH1, BH2, or BH3 had no effect on Bcl-2's ability to prevent cell death. whereas the cell-death suppressing BH4 domain did. Although both staurosporine and 6-OHDA induced apoptosis, overexpression of Bcl-2 only rescued cells from programmed cell death induced by staurosporine. Thus, differential cell death pathways are associated with these cytotoxic signals in primary models of Parkinson's disease. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
  • Ajmone-Cat, Maria Antonietta, et al. (författare)
  • Prostaglandin E(2) and BDNF levels in rat hippocampus are negatively correlated with status epilepticus severity: No impact on survival of seizure-generated neurons.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0969-9961. ; 23:1, s. 23-35
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Partial and generalized status epilepticus (pSE and gSE) trigger the same level of progenitor cell proliferation in adult dentate gyrus, but survival of new neurons is poor after gSE. Here, we show markedly elevated levels of prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in rat hippocampal formation at 7 days following pSE but not gSE. Administration of the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor flurbiprofen for 1 week, starting at day 8 post-SE, abated PGE(2) and decreased BDNF levels, but did not affect survival of new neurons a weeks later. Thus, high PGE(2) and BDNF levels induced by pSE are probably not of major importance for survival of new neurons during the first days after formation. We propose that they modulate other aspects of synaptic and cellular plasticity, and thereby may influence epileptogenesis.
  • Aldrin-Kirk, Patrick, et al. (författare)
  • Chemogenetic modulation of cholinergic interneurons reveals their regulating role on the direct and indirect output pathways from the striatum
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0969-9961. ; 109, s. 148-162
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The intricate balance between dopaminergic and cholinergic neurotransmission in the striatum has been thoroughly difficult to characterize. It was initially described as a seesaw with a competing function of dopamine versus acetylcholine. Recent technical advances however, have brought this view into question suggesting that the two systems work rather in concert with the cholinergic interneurons (ChIs) driving dopamine release. In this study, we have utilized two transgenic Cre-driver rat lines, a choline acetyl transferase ChAT-Cre transgenic rat and a novel double-transgenic tyrosine hydroxylase TH-Cre/ChAT-Cre rat to further elucidate the role of striatal ChIs in normal motor function and in Parkinson's disease. Here we show that selective and reversible activation of ChIs using chemogenetic (DREADD) receptors increases locomotor function in intact rats and potentiate the therapeutic effect of L-DOPA in the rats with lesions of the nigral dopamine system. However, the potentiation of the L-DOPA effect is accompanied by an aggravation of L-DOPA induced dyskinesias (LIDs). These LIDs appear to be driven primarily through the indirect striato-pallidal pathway since the same effect can be induced by the D2 agonist Quinpirole. Taken together, the results highlight the intricate regulation of balance between the two output pathways from the striatum orchestrated by the ChIs.
  • Ali, Idrish, et al. (författare)
  • Role of fractalkine-CX3CR1 pathway in seizure-induced microglial activation, neurodegeneration, and neuroblast production in the adult rat brain.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0969-9961. ; 74, s. 194-203
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Temporal lobe seizures lead to an acute inflammatory response in the brain primarily characterized by activation of parenchymal microglial cells. Simultaneously, degeneration of pyramidal cells and interneurons is evident together with a seizure-induced increase in the production of new neurons within the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. We have previously shown a negative correlation between the acute seizure-induced inflammation and the survival of newborn hippocampal neurons. Here, we aimed to evaluate the role of the fractalkine-CX3CR1 pathway for these acute events. Fractalkine is a chemokine expressed by both neurons and glia, while its receptor, CX3CR1 is primarily expressed on microglia. Electrically-induced partial status epilepticus (SE) was induced in adult rats through stereotaxically implanted electrodes in the hippocampus. Recombinant rat fractalkine or CX3CR1 antibody was infused intraventricularly during one week post-SE. A significant increase in the expression of CX3CR1, but not fractalkine, was observed in the dentate gyrus at one week. CX3CR1 antibody treatment resulted in a reduction in microglial activation, neurodegeneration, as well as neuroblast production. In contrast, fractalkine treatment had only minor effects. This study provides evidence for a role of the fractalkine-CX3CR1 signaling pathway in seizure-induced microglial activation and suggests that neuroblast production following seizures may partly occur as a result of microglial activation.
  • Andersson, M, et al. (författare)
  • Striatal fosB expression is causally linked with l-DOPA-induced abnormal involuntary movements and the associated upregulation of striatal prodynorphin mRNA in a rat model of Parkinson's disease.
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - 0969-9961 .- 1095-953X. ; 6:6, s. 461-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rats with unilateral dopamine-denervating lesions sustained a 3-week treatment with a daily l-DOPA dose that is in the therapeutic range for Parkinson's disease. In most of the treated animals, chronic l-DOPA administration gradually induced abnormal involuntary movements affecting cranial, trunk, and limb muscles on the side of the body contralateral to the lesion. This effect was paralleled by an induction of FosB-like immunoreactive proteins in striatal subregions somatotopically related to the types of movements that had been elicited by l-DOPA. The induced proteins showed both regional and cellular colocalization with prodynorphin mRNA. Intrastriatal infusion of fosB antisense inhibited the development of dyskinetic movements that were related to the striatal subregion targeted and produced a local specific downregulation of prodynorphin mRNA. These data provide compelling evidence of a causal role for striatal fosB induction in the development of l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in the rat and of a positive regulation of prodynorphin gene expression by FosB-related transcription factors.
  • Andreoli, Laura, et al. (författare)
  • Distinct patterns of dyskinetic and dystonic features following D1 or D2 receptor stimulation in a mouse model of parkinsonism
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0969-9961. ; 157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a significant complication of dopamine replacement therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD), and the specific role of different dopamine receptors in this disorder is poorly understood. We set out to compare patterns of dyskinetic behaviours induced by the systemic administration of L-DOPA and D1 or D2 receptor (D1R, D2R) agonists in mice with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions. Mice were divided in four groups to receive increasing doses of L-DOPA, a D1R agonist (SKF38393), a D2/3 agonist (quinpirole), or a selective D2R agonist (sumanirole). Axial, limb and orofacial abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) were rated using a well-established method, while dystonic features were quantified in different body segments using a new rating scale. Measures of abnormal limb and trunk posturing were extracted from high-speed videos using a software for markerless pose estimation (DeepLabCut). While L-DOPA induced the full spectrum of dyskinesias already described in this mouse model, SKF38393 induced mostly orofacial and limb AIMs. By contrast, both of the D2-class agonists (quinpirole, sumanirole) induced predominantly axial AIMs. Dystonia ratings revealed that these agonists elicited marked dystonic features in trunk/neck, forelimbs, and hindlimbs, which were overall more severe in sumanirole-treated mice. Accordingly, sumanirole induced pronounced axial bending and hindlimb divergence in the automated video analysis. In animals treated with SKF38393, the only appreciable dystonic-like reaction consisted in sustained tail dorsiflexion and stiffness. We next compared the effects of D1R or D2R selective antagonists in L-DOPA-treated mice, where only the D2R antagonist had a significant effect on dystonic features. Taken together these results indicate that the dystonic components of LID are predominantly mediated by the D2R.
  • Andsberg, Gunnar, et al. (författare)
  • Neuropathological and behavioral consequences of adeno-associated viral vector-mediated continuous intrastriatal neurotrophin delivery in a focal ischemia model in rats.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Disease. - : Elsevier. - 0969-9961. ; 9:2, s. 187-204
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were continuously delivered to the striatum at biologically active levels via recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) gene transfer 4-5 weeks prior to 30 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The magnitude of the deficits in a battery of behavioral tests designed to assess striatal function was highly correlated to the extent of ischemic damage determined by unbiased stereological estimations of striatal neuron numbers. The delivery of neurotrophins lead to mild functional improvements in the ischemia-induced motor impairments assessed 3-5 weeks after the insult, in agreement with a small but significant increase of the survival of dorsolateral striatal neurons. Detailed phenotypic analysis demonstrated that the parvalbumin-containing interneurons were spared to a greater extent by the neurotrophin treatment as compared to the projection neurons, which agreed with the specificity for interneuron transduction by the rAAV vector. These data show the advantage of the never previously performed combination of precise quantification of the ischemia-induced neuropathology along with detailed behavioural analysis for assessing neuroprotection after stroke. We observe that intrastriatal delivery of NGF and BDNF using a viral vector system can mitigate, albeit only moderately, neuronal death following stroke, which leads to detectable functional sparing. (c)2002 Elsevier Science (USA).
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