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Sökning: L773:1053 2498

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1.
  • Bolys, Ramunas, et al. (författare)
  • Vascular function in the cadaver up to six hours after cardiac arrest
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. - Elsevier. - 1557-3117 .- 1053-2498. ; 18:6, s. 582-586
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate how well vascular function is retained in a cadaver kept in a room with a temperature of 21 degrees C. METHODS: The aorta and pulmonary artery of rats were investigated in organ baths as fresh controls and after 1, 2, 3, or 6 hours' storage in the cadaver. Six-hour-old cadaver aortas were transplanted and investigated after 24 hours and 60 days. RESULTS: After 3 hours' storage there was no significant decrease in smooth muscle contractile function in either aorta or pulmonary artery. After 6 hours' storage both the aorta and the pulmonary artery demonstrated a significant decrease in smooth muscle contractile function, 30% (p < 0.05) and 44% (p < 0.001), respectively, compared to fresh controls. Storing the aorta for 2 hours and the pulmonary artery for 6 hours caused no significant decrease in endothelium-dependent relaxing function. In aorta segments investigated after 3 and 6 hours there was a significant decrease in endothelium-dependent relaxation, 12% (p < 0.05) and 29% (p < 0.001), respectively. Six-hour-old cadaver aortas transplanted and investigated after 24 hours or 60 days demonstrated no significant changes in endothelium-dependent relaxation and smooth muscle function compared to fresh controls. CONCLUSION: The pulmonary artery can tolerate 3 hours of warm ischemia in the nonheart-beating cadaver without loss of endothelium-dependent relaxation and smooth muscle function. The dysfunction seen in 6-hour-old cadaver aortas was normalized after transplantation and 24 hours of reperfusion.
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2.
  • Mårtensson, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Living with heart failure : Depression and quality of life in patients and spouses
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 1053-2498. ; 22:4, s. 460-467
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:Although spouses are a key support for patients with heart failure, and help them remain in the community, no one has studied patient–spouse pairs to determine the nature of their experience. Therefore, we conducted a study of patients and spouses to compare their levels of depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and to identify factors that contribute to depression and HRQOL in patient–spouse pairs.Methods:Forty-eight couples, in which all patients were men with heart failure, were recruited from a university-affiliated, outpatient heart failure clinic. Data were collected using the Beck Depression Inventory, the 12-item Short Form (that measures physical and mental components of QOL), and the 6-minute walk test.Results:Patients with heart failure were significantly more depressed and had poorer physical quality of life compared with spouses. Patients’ depression was correlated with their own functional status and mental quality of life, with the combination of 6-minute walk distance and mental QOL contributing 51% of the variance in patient depression. Spouse depression and HRQOL did not significantly influence patient depression. In contrast, spouses’ depression was related to their husbands’ functional status and employment, as well as their own mental QOL. The mental component of spouse QOL and the age of the patient accounted for 33% of the adjusted variance in spousal depression.Conclusions:Patients with heart failure and their spouses experience significantly different levels of depression and physical QOL. In developing interventions, it may be important to take these differences into account and focus on their unique needs as well as those issues that affect the couple together. Interventions that improve patient functional status may result in decreased depression and improved HRQOL on the part of both patients and spouses.
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3.
  • Peterze, B., et al. (författare)
  • Long-term follow-up of thoratec ventricular assist device bridge-to-recovery patients successfully removed from support after recovery of ventricular function
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. - 1053-2498. ; 21:5, s. 516-521
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: In certain forms of severe heart failure there is sufficient improvement in cardiac function during ventricular assist device (VAD) support to allow removal of the device. However, it is critical to know whether there is sustained recovery of the heart and long-term patient survival if VAD bridging to recovery is to be considered over the option of transplantation. Methods: To determine long-term outcome of survivors of VAD bridge-to-recovery procedures, we retrospectively evaluated 22 patients with non-ischemic heart failure successfully weaned from the Thoratec left ventricular assist device (LVAD) or biventricular assist device (BVAD) after recovery of ventricular function at 14 medical centers. All patients were in imminent risk of dying and were selected for VAD support using standard bridge-to-transplant requirements. There were 12 females and 10 males with an average age of 32 (range, 12-49). The etiologies were 12 with myocarditis, 7 with cardiomyopathies (4 post-partum [PPCM], 1 viral [VCM], and 2 idiopathic [IDCM]), and 3 with a combination of myocarditis and cardiomyopathy. BVADs were used in 13 patients and isolated LVADs in 9 patients, for an average duration of 57 days (range, 11-190 days), before return of ventricular function and successful weaning from the device. Post-VAD survival was compared with 43 VAD bridge-to-transplant patients with the same etiologies who underwent cardiac transplantation instead of device weaning. Results: Nineteen of the 22 patients are currently alive. Three patients required heart transplantation, 1 within 1 day, 2 at 12 and 13 months post-weaning, and 2 died at 2.5 and 6 months. The remaining 17 patients are alive with their native hearts after an average of 3.2 years (range, 1.2-10 years). The actuarial survival of native hearts (transplant-free survival) post-VAD support is 86% at 1 year and 77% at 5 years, which was not significantly different (p = 0.94) from that of post-VAD transplanted patients, also at 86% and 77%, respectively. Conclusion: Long-term survival for bridge-to-recovery with VADs for acute cardiomyopathies and myocarditis is equivalent to that for cardiac transplantation. Recovery of the native heart, which can take weeks to months of VAD support, is the most desirable clinical outcome and should be actively sought, with transplantation used only after recovery of ventricular function has been ruled out.
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6.
  • Wierup, P, et al. (författare)
  • Bronchial healing, lung parenchymal histology, and blood gases one month after transplantation of lungs topically cooled for 2 hours in the non-heart-beating cadaver
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. - Elsevier. - 1053-2498 .- 1557-3117. ; 19:3, s. 270-276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate, in an experimental survival model, the functional and morphologic results of lung transplantation using lungs from non-heart-beating donors. METHODS: Left lungs, topically cooled to 25 degrees C for 2 hours in situ after 5 minutes of circulatory arrest followed by 26 minutes of unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation, were transplanted into syngeneic rats. Five weeks after the transplantation, right pneumonectomy was performed and blood gases measured after 60 minutes. In a control group, fresh donor lungs were used for transplantation and comparison was made with the cadaver group and a group of normal rats after right pneumonectomy. Morphologic changes were evaluated by semiquantitative scoring of 13 different parameters to obtain a total histologic index for each rat. RESULTS: Computerized tomography scans of the chest made during the third post-operative week showed normal lung parenchyma in both groups, and at 5 weeks there were no significant differences in blood gases. The bronchial anastomoses showed normal healing in all cases. The histologic changes in the lung parenchyma were generally mild and focal, primarily consisting of interstitial and perivascular mononuclear inflammation, bronchial inflammation and athelectasis. Surprisingly, the transplanted controls demonstrated the most pronounced changes, although only the difference in total histologic index between groups was significant. CONCLUSIONS: Lungs from non-heart-beating donors, topically cooled in the cadaver for two hours after failed resuscitation, showed normal bronchial healing and favorable parenchymal histology compared to transplanted control lungs 5 weeks after transplantation.
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7.
  • Wierup, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Gas exchange function one month after transplantation of lungs topically cooled for 2 hours in the non-heart-beating cadaver after failed resuscitation
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. - Elsevier. - 1053-2498 .- 1557-3117. ; 18:2, s. 133-138
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: If lungs from subjects dying of heart attacks could be used for transplantation, the lung donor shortage could be radically reduced. The aim of this study was to investigate, in an experimental survival model, the results of lung transplantation using lungs from non-heart-beating donors. METHODS: The left lung, topically cooled to 25 degrees C for 2 hours in situ after 5 minutes of circulatory arrest and 26 minutes of unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation, was transplanted into a syngeneic rat. Five weeks after the transplantation, right pneumonectomy was performed and blood gases measured every 10 minutes for 1 hour. Comparison were made with two control groups, one where fresh donor lungs were transplanted and another where only right pneumonectomy was done. RESULTS: All animals survived and were in good condition at the end of the observation period. There was no statistically significant difference in arterial oxygen or carbon dioxide tension between the groups. The bronchial anastomoses showed normal healing in all cases. CONCLUSION: Lungs from non-heart-beating donors topically cooled in situ to 25 degrees C for 2 hours before being harvested showed excellent gas exchange and bronchial healing 5 weeks after transplantation.
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8.
  • Abbey, Susan E., et al. (författare)
  • Qualitative interviews versus standardised self-report questionnaires in assessing qualityb of life in heart transplant recipients
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. - Elsevier. - 1053-2498. ; 30:8, s. 963-966
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quality of life (QoL) studies in heart transplant recipients (HTRs) using validated, quantitative, self-report questionnaires have reported poor QoL in approximately 20% of patients. This consecutive mixed methods study compared self-report questionnaires, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36) and the Atkinson Life Satisfaction Scale, with phenomenologically informed audiovisual (AV) qualitative interview data in 27 medically stable HTRs (70% male; age 53 ± 13.77 years; time since transplant 4.06 ± 2.42 years). Self-report questionnaire data reported poor QoL and more distress compared with previous studies and normative population samples; in contrast, 52% of HTRs displayed pervasive distress according to visual methodology. Using qualitative methods to assess QoL yields information that would otherwise remain unobserved by the exclusive use of quantitative QOL questionnaires.
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9.
  • Andersson Sjöland, Annika, et al. (författare)
  • Fibroblast phenotypes and their activity are changed in the wound healing process after lung transplantation.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. - 1053-2498 .- 1557-3117. ; 30, s. 945-954
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation (LTx) is established as a life-saving treatment in end-stage lung disease. However, long-term survival is hampered by the development of chronic rejection, almost synonymous with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). The rejection is characterized by deposition of extracellular matrix in small airways. Fibroblasts/myofibroblasts are the main producers of extracellular matrix molecules such as proteoglycans. This study compared fibroblast phenotype and activity in the wound healing process at different points after LTx in patients who later did, or did not, develop BOS. METHODS: Distally derived fibroblasts from patients 6 and 12 months after LTx and from healthy controls were analyzed for production of the proteoglycans versican, perlecan, biglycan, and decorin, with and without transforming growth factor (TGF)-β(1). Fibroblast migration and proliferation were also studied. RESULTS: At 6 and 12 months after LTx, versican production was higher in fibroblasts from LTx patients (p < 0.01 p < 0.01) than from controls. Fibroblasts from patients who later developed BOS were more responsive to TGF-β(1)-induced synthesis of versican and biglycan than patients without signs of rejection (p < 0.05). Production of perlecan and decorin was negatively correlated with fibroblast proliferation in fibroblasts at 6 months after LTx. In a more detailed case study of 2 patients, one with and one without BOS, the altered proteoglycan profile was associated with impaired lung function. CONCLUSIONS: LTx changes the phenotype of fibroblasts to a non-proliferative but extracellular matrix-producing cell due to wound healing involving TGF-β(1). If not controlled, this may lead to development of BOS.
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