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1.
  • Angioni, C., et al. (författare)
  • Dependence of the turbulent particle flux on hydrogen isotopes induced by collisionality
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1070-664X .- 1089-7674. ; 25:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The impact of the change of the mass of hydrogen isotopes on the turbulent particle flux is studied. The trapped electron component of the turbulent particle convection induced by collisionality, which is outward in ion temperature gradient turbulence, increases with decreasing thermal velocity of the isotope. Thereby, the lighter is the isotope, the stronger is the turbulent pinch, and the larger is the predicted density gradient at the null of the particle flux. The passing particle component of the flux increases with decreasing mass of the isotope and can also affect the predicted density gradient. This effect is however subdominant for usual core plasma parameters. The analytical results are confirmed by means of both quasi-linear and nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations, and an estimate of the difference in local density gradient produced by this effect as a function of collisionality has been obtained for typical plasma parameters at mid-radius. Analysis of currently available experimental data from the JET and the ASDEX Upgrade tokamaks does not show any clear and general evidence of inconsistency with this theoretically predicted effect outside the errorbars and also allows the identification of cases providing weak evidence of qualitative consistency.
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2.
  • Saarelma, S., et al. (författare)
  • Self-consistent pedestal prediction for JET-ILW in preparation of the DT campaign
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physics of fluids. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1070-6631 .- 1089-7666. ; 26:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The self-consistent core-pedestal prediction model of a combination of EPED1 type pedestal prediction and a simple stiff core transport model is able to predict Type I ELMy (edge localized mode) pedestals of a large JET-ILW (ITER-like wall) database at the similar accuracy as is obtained when the experimental global plasma beta is used as input. The neutral penetration model [R. J. Groebner et al., Phys. Plasmas 9, 2134 (2002)] with corrections that take into account variations due to gas fueling and plasma triangularity is able to predict the pedestal density with an average error of 15%. The prediction of the pedestal pressure in hydrogen plasma that has higher core heat diffusivity compared to a deuterium plasma with similar heating and fueling agrees with the experiment when the isotope effect on the stability, the increased diffusivity, and outward radial shift of the pedestal are included in the prediction. However, the neutral penetration model that successfully predicts the deuterium pedestal densities fails to predict the isotope effect on the pedestal density in hydrogen plasmas.
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3.
  • Shukla, Nitin, et al. (författare)
  • Ion streaming instability in a quantum dusty magnetoplasma
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1070-664X .- 1089-7674. ; 15:1070-664X, s. 044503-1-044503-3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It is shown that a relative drift between the ions and the charged dust particles in a magnetized quantum dusty plasma can produce an oscillatory instability in a quantum dust acousticlike wave. The threshold and growth rate of the instability are presented. The result may explain the origin of low-frequency electrostatic fluctuations in semiconductors quantum wells. (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics.  
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4.
  • Dieckmann, Mark E, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Large-scale numerical simulations of ion beam instabilities in unmagnetized astrophysical plasmas
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - 1070-664X .- 1089-7674. ; 7:12, s. 5171-5181
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Collisionless quasiperpendicular shocks with magnetoacoustic Mach numbers exceeding a certain threshold are known to reflect a fraction of the upstream ion population. These reflected ions drive instabilities which, in a magnetized plasma, can give rise to electron acceleration. In the case of shocks associated with supernova remnants (SNRs), electrons energized in this way may provide a seed population for subsequent acceleration to highly relativistic energies. If the plasma is weakly magnetized, in the sense that the electron cyclotron frequency is much smaller than the electron plasma frequency omega (p), a Buneman instability occurs at omega (p). The nonlinear evolution of this instability is examined using particle-in-cell simulations, with initial parameters which are representative of SNR shocks. For simplicity, the magnetic field is taken to be strictly zero. It is shown that the instability saturates as a result of electrons being trapped by the wave potential. Subsequent evolution of the waves depends on the temperature of the background protons T-i and the size of the simulation box L. If T-i is comparable to the initial electron temperature T-e, and L is equal to one Buneman wavelength lambda (0), the wave partially collapses into low frequency waves and backscattered waves at around omega (p). If, on the other hand, T-i much greater thanT(e) and L = lambda (0), two high frequency waves remain in the plasma. One of these waves, excited at a frequency slightly lower than omega (p), may be a Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal mode. The other wave, excited at a frequency well above omega (p), is driven by the relative streaming of trapped and untrapped electrons. In a simulation with L = 4 lambda (0), the Buneman wave collapses on a time scale consistent with the excitation of sideband instabilities. Highly energetic electrons were not observed in any of these simulations, suggesting that the Buneman instability can only produce strong electron acceleration in a magnetized plasma. [S1070-664X(00)02712-9].
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5.
  • Abdelsalam, UM, et al. (författare)
  • Localized electrostatic excitations in a Thomas-Fermi plasma containing degenerate electrons
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - Melville : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1070-664X .- 1089-7674. ; 15:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By using the Thomas-Fermi electron density distribution for quantum degenerate electrons, the hydrodynamic equations for ions, and the Poisson equation, planar and nonplanar ion-acoustic solitary waves in an unmagnetized collisionless plasma are investigated. The reductive perturbation method is used to derive cylindrical and spherical Korteweg-de Vries equations. Numerical solutions of the latter are presented. The present results can be useful in understanding the features of small but finite amplitude localized ion-acoustic solitary pulses in a degenerate plasma.
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6.
  • Adhikary, N C, et al. (författare)
  • Ion-beam driven dust ion-acoustic solitary waves in dusty plasmas
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1070-664X .- 1089-7674. ; 17:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The nonlinear propagation of small but finite amplitude dust ion-acoustic waves (DIAWs) in an ion-beam driven plasma consisting of Boltzmannian electrons, positive ions, and stationary negatively charged dust grains is studied by using the standard reductive perturbation technique. It is shown that there exist two critical values (γc1) and (γc2) of ion beam to ion phase velocity ratio (γ), above and below which the beam generated solitons are not possible. The effects of the parameters, namely, γ, the ratio of the ion beam to plasma ion density (μi), the dust to ion density ratio (μd), and the ion beam to plasma ion mass ratio (μ) on both the amplitude and width of the stationary DIAWs, are analyzed numerically, and applications of the results to laboratory ion beam as well as space plasmas (e.g., auroral plasmas) are explained.
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7.
  • Albert, F., et al. (författare)
  • Betatron x-ray radiation from laser-plasma accelerators driven by femtosecond and picosecond laser systems
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - 1089-7674 .- 1070-664X. ; 25:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A comparative experimental study of betatron x-ray radiation from laser wakefield acceleration in the blowout and self-modulated regimes is presented. Our experiments use picosecond duration laser pulses up to 150 J (self-modulated regime) and 60 fs duration laser pulses up to 10 J (blowout regime), for plasmas with electronic densities on the order of 1019cm-3. In the self-modulated regime, where betatron radiation has been very little studied compared to the blowout regime, electrons accelerated in the wake of the laser pulse are subject to both the longitudinal plasma and transverse laser electrical fields. As a result, their motion within the wake is relatively complex; consequently, the experimental and theoretical properties of the x-ray source based on self-modulation differ from the blowout regime of laser wakefield acceleration. In our experimental configuration, electrons accelerated up to about 250 MeV and betatron x-ray spectra with critical energies of about 10-20 keV and photon fluxes between 108and 1010photons/eV Sr are reported. Our experiments open the prospect of using betatron x-ray radiation for applications, and the source is competitive with current x-ray backlighting methods on multi-kilojoule laser systems.
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8.
  • Ali, S, et al. (författare)
  • Dispersion properties of compressional electromagnetic waves in quantum dusty magnetoplasmas
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - Melville : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1070-664X .- 1089-7674. ; 13:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A new dispersion relation for low-frequency compressional electromagnetic waves is derived by employing quantum magnetohydrodynamic model and Maxwell equations in cold quantum dusty magnetoplasmas. The latter is composed of inertialess electrons, mobile ions, and immobile charged dust particulates. The dispersion relation for the low-frequency compressional electromagnetic modes is further analyzed for the waves propagating parallel, perpendicular, and oblique to the external magnetic field direction. It is found theoretically and numerically that the quantum parameter alpha(q)=(n(i0)/n(e0))h(2)/(4m(e)m(i)) affects the real angular frequencies and the phase speeds of the compressional electromagnetic modes. Here, n(i0) (n(e0)) is the equilibrium number density of the ions (electrons), m(e) (m(i)) is the electron (ion) mass, and h is the Plank constant divided by 2 pi.
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9.
  • Ali, S, et al. (författare)
  • Dust acoustic solitary waves in a quantum plasma
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Physics of Plasmas. - Melville : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1070-664X .- 1089-7674. ; 13:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By employing one-dimensional quantum hydrodynamic (QHD) model for a three species quantum plasma, nonlinear properties of dust acoustic solitary waves are studied. For this purpose a Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation is derived, incorporating quantum corrections. The quantum mechanical effects are also examined numerically both on the profiles of the amplitude and the width of dust acoustic solitary waves. It is found that the amplitude remains constant but the width shrinks for different values of a dimensionless electron quantum parameter H-e=root(Z(d0)h(2)omega(2)(pd))/m(e)m(d)C(d)(4), where Z(d0) is the dust charge state, h is the Planck constant divided by 2 pi, omega(pd) is the dust plasma frequency, m(e) (m(d)) is the electron (dust) mass, and C-d is the dust acoustic speed.
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10.
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