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Sökning: L773:1094 6950 OR L773:1559 0747

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  • Löfman, Owe, et al. (författare)
  • Bone mineral density instead of T-score?
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 4:1, s. 75-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Arvidsson, Bo, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Reference data for bone mineral density in Swedish women using digital X-ray radiometry
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - New York, USA : Elsevier. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 16:2, s. 183-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • During the last decade, digital X-ray radiometry (DXR) has been used to measure bone mineral density (BMD) in the metacarpal bones. The aim of this study was to establish Swedish reference material for bone mass in women, measured in the metacarpal bones with DXR, and compare these data with the data from the manufacturer. A sample of 1440 women aged 20-79yr living in Örebro County was randomly assigned from the population register. Microdose mammography was used (Sectra MDM L30; Sectra Imtec AB, Linköping, Sweden) to measure BMD. Cole's LMS method was used to calculate DXR. Six hundred sixty-nine (48.3%) women participated. Peak bone mass occurred at the age of 43.4yr with a BMD of 0.597g/cm(2) (standard deviation: 0.050). Our Swedish data correlated well with the manufacturer's material. Only among women aged 50-59yr did BMD differ, where the Swedish sample had lower values. The LMS method can be used to describe the DXR data and provide a more detailed picture of bone density distribution. DXR-BMD in Swedish women aged 20-79yr is equivalent to findings from other studies, showing the same distribution of BMD in most age groups except for ages 50-59yr.
  • Ekman, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Dual X-ray absorptiometry of hip, heel ultrasound, and densitometry of fingers can discriminate male patients with hip fracture from control subjects : a comparison of four different methods
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 5:1, s. 79-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Few studies have examined different bone densitometry techniques to determine male hip fracture risk. We conducted a case-control study of 31 noninstitutionalized men, mean age 77 yr, with a first hip fracture and compared the results with 68 randomly selected age-matched control subjects. The methods used were dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the proximal femur, quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the heel and fingers, and radiographic absorptiometry of the fingers. Case patients had significantly lower values (4-17%; p < 0.01) for all methods. The odds ratios for every SD reduction in bone values were 4.8 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.3-9.9) for DXA of the femoral neck, 2.2 (95% CI: 1.2-3.9) for QUS of the heel, 2.0 (95% CI: 1.2-3.3) for QUS of the phalanges, and 3.1 (95% CI: 1.5-6.6) for radiographic absorptiometry of the phalanges. The results indicate a strong capability of DXA of the femoral neck to distinguish between men with a first hip fracture and control subjects. Furthermore, ultrasound of the heel and fingers as well as radiographic absorptiometry proved capable of discriminating men with hip fractures from control subjects.
  • Horner, Keith, et al. (författare)
  • The mandibular cortex on radiographs as a tool for osteoporosis risk assessment : the OSTEODENT Project
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 10:2, s. 138-146
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to measure the accuracy of porosity of the mandibular cortex on dental panoramic radiographs (DPRs) in diagnosis of osteoporosis, alone and in combination with a clinical risk index. Six hundred seventy-one women (45-70yr) were recruited in the study, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the hip and lumbar spine was performed. A clinical index of osteoporosis risk (OSIRIS) and a DPR were obtained for each subject. The cortical appearance on the DPR was classified using the mandibular cortical index (MCI) by 5 observers. receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed with calculation of area under the ROC curve (AUC) and sensitivity and specificity at various thresholds. Complete data were available for 653 subjects, of whom 21.6% had osteoporosis. The AUC for OSIRIS was 0.838. When used alone as the diagnostic test, MCI AUC for the 5 observers ranged from 0.560 to 0.670, significantly less than OSIRIS. Intraobserver and interobserver repeatability of MCI assessment was inconsistent. We conclude that MCI has limited value for osteoporosis diagnosis, being most appropriate as a method of fortuitous case-finding. PMID: 17449308 [PubMed - in process]
  • Kälvesten, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Potential sources of quantification error when retrospectively assessing metacarpal bone loss from historical radiographs by using digital X-ray radiogrammetry : an experimental study
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - : Elsevier. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 17:1, s. 104-108
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • During the past 15 yr, digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) has been used to measure metacarpal bone mineral density (BMD). BMD is often measured in existing cohorts where X-ray images were not acquired in accordance with the DXR imaging protocol (DIP). The purpose of the present study was to analyze how deviations from DIP in historical radiographs may affect the reproducibility of DXR-BMD measurements. Cadaver hand phantoms were used to conduct repeat measurements of deviations from DIP with respect to voltage, exposure, lateral displacement, supination, combination of lateral displacement and supination or rotation, extension of the wrist, and edge enhancement. Direct digital radiography (Aristos; Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany) was used for image acquisition and dxr-online (Sectra, Linkoping, Sweden) for DXR-BMD measurements. The influence of the tested deviations from DIP ranged from 0 to 32.5 mg/cm(2) (0-6.8%). On repetition with the same specimen, none of the deviations resulted in a within-specimen reproducibility error greater than 2 mg/cm(2) (0.4%, equivalent to a T-score of 0.042). Among the tested deviations, all except tube voltage had a magnitude greater than the normal measurement noise for the technique and must therefore be considered when planning a study based on historical images.
  • Löfman, Owe, et al. (författare)
  • Bone Mineral Density in Diagnosis of Osteoporosis : Reference Population, Definition of Peak Bone Mass, and Measured Site Determine Prevalence
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 3:2, s. 177-186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A population-based study was performed in order to compare different definitions of peak bone mass, and to apply the corresponding T-scores for different skeletal sites to a cohort of 70-yr-old women for studying the prevalence of osteoporosis. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the hip, lumbar spine, and forearm was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic 4500) in 296 women ages 16–31 yr and 210 women age 70 yr. Peak bone mass occurred in women in their early 20s at the proximal femur and at 28 and 31 yr at the spine and forearm, respectively. BMD cutoff levels were compared to machine-specific cutoff values for the different sites. When applied to our cohort of 70-yr-old women, the prevalence of osteoporosis at the total hip was 9–25%, depending on which peak bone mass the T-score of – 2.5 was based. The prevalence in the spine was 28–33% and in the forearm 45–67%. Osteoporosis in at least one of the three measured sites was documented in 49–72% of the population sample. Our results show that the use of T-score to define osteoporosis results in a highly different prevalence rate in a given population depending on the reference population and the skeletal sites chosen for measurement.
  • Ribom, Eva L., et al. (författare)
  • Use of a Swedish T-score reference population for women causes a two-fold increase in the amount of postmenopausal Swedish patients that fulfill the WHO criteria for osteoporosis
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 11:3, s. 404-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The WHO criteria for osteoporosis are based on bone mineral density (BMD) values in comparison to a reference population of healthy young adults. The aim of this study was to create BMD references for ethnic Swedish women, and to investigate whether the use of these T-score measurements influence the amount of Swedish postmenopausal patients that are diagnosed as having osteoporosis. A bone density reference was created by measuring a population-based sample of 335 randomly selected Swedish women aged 20-39yr. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the lumbar spine, proximal femur, and total body. These locally derived T-score values were subsequently used to diagnose a sample of 300 consecutive postmenopausal Swedish patients referred to the Uppsala Osteoporosis Unit. There was a slight age-dependent decrease in femoral neck BMD, whereas no age effect was seen at other sites such as total hip, lumbar spine, or total body. This suggests that the cohort represents the steady state BMD at the ages of expected peak bone mass in Swedish women. The correlation between BMD measures at different sites differed from r=0.55 (lumbar spine BMD vs femoral neck BMD [FNBMD]) to r=0.92 (total hip BMD vs FNBMD). Central DXA-generated T-scores were calculated from this cohort, and these were significantly higher (0.3-0.5 SD) as compared with manufacturers and NHANESIII reference populations. This indicates that young Swedish women have a higher peak bone mass than the subjects included in the reference populations currently used for clinical measurements. The T-score in total hip derived from the investigated cohort was subsequently used to diagnose 300 clinical patients (mean age 63yr) referred for a DXA scan by their physicians. The use of this locally established and ethnic representative, T-score reference increased the prevalence of osteoporosis in femoral neck and total hip with 53-106%. A Swedish female BMD reference representing peak bone mass has been established and the normative data are presented. Notably, this cohort has considerably higher BMD as compared to the NHANESIII and manufacturer's reference populations. The use of the present T-score reference therefore causes approximately a 2-fold increase in the amount of Swedish postmenopausal women that fulfill the WHO criteria for osteoporosis. This demonstrates the problems with using T-score as diagnostic threshold for osteoporosis and is an argument for future strategies to obtain standardized densitometric cut-offs, for example, mg/cm(2).
  • Weber, David R., et al. (författare)
  • The Utility of DXA Assessment at the Forearm, Proximal Femur, and Lateral Distal Femur, and Vertebral Fracture Assessment in the Pediatric Population: The 2019 Official Pediatric Positions of the ISCD
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Densitometry. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 22:4, s. 567-589
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2019 Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is widely used in the evaluation of bone fragility in children. Previous recommendations emphasized total body less head and lumbar spine DXA scans for clinical bone health assessment. However, these scan sites may not be possible or optimal for all groups of children with conditions that threaten bone health. The utility of DXA scans of the proximal femur, forearm, and radius were evaluated for adequacy of reference data, precision, ability of predict fracture, and applicability to all, or select groups of children. In addition, the strengths and limitations of vertebral fracture assessment by DXA were evaluated. The new Pediatric Positions provide guidelines on the use of these additional measures in the assessment of skeletal health in children.
  • Wilczek, Michael L, et al. (författare)
  • Mammography and Osteoporosis Screening-Clinical Risk Factors and Their Association With Digital X-Ray Radiogrammetry Bone Mineral Density.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Densitometry. - : Elsevier. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 18:1, s. 22-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to study the association between digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) T-score and clinical risk factors for osteoporosis. Women were recruited 2 d per wk at a single mammography screening center between year 2010 and 2012. Included women answered a questionnaire about risk factors for osteoporosis, and a radiograph of the nondominant hand was obtained for DXR analysis. Univariate associations between DXR T-score and risk factors were examined. A generalized linear regression model was fitted to independent variables with univariate associations at p < 0.05. The multivariable model was reduced through manual backward elimination, with p > 0.1 as the exclusion criterion. Seventy-six percent of the women chose to participate in the study (n = 8810). The difference in number of daily mammograms performed on study vs nonstudy days was not significant. All univariate associations between DXR T-score and potential risk factors were highly significant. The multivariable model included height, weight, age, right-handedness, menopause before age 45, alcohol consumption, cortisone treatment, rheumatic disease, and age × smoking status. The coefficient of determination of the model was 0.37. The association between risk factors for osteoporosis and DXR T-score is similar to previously reported associations with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
  • Xu, Hui, et al. (författare)
  • Osteoporosis and Osteopenia Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Aged >= 50 : Role of Sex and Clinical Characteristics
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 23:1, s. 29-36
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction/Background: Although some studies have explored the association of adiposity and life habits (such as smoking) with osteoporosis and osteopenia among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, the association between diabetic clinical characteristics (especially hypoglycemic drug use) and osteoporosis/ osteopenia remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of clinical characteristics with osteoporosis and osteopenia among T2DM patients by sex. Methods: A total of 1222 T2DM patients aged >= 50 were included in the present study. Information on demographic, anthropometric and clinical characteristics was collected from medical records. Bone mineral density was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry densitometer. Multiple adjusted logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of osteoporosis and osteopenia related to clinical characteristics. Results: Of all participants, the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia was 9.2% and 41.3%, respectively, and they were higher in females (14.7% and 48.5%) than in males (2.8% and 33%). After adjustment for potential confounders, the results showed that overweight (OR = 0.59; 95 % CI, 0.42-0.81) and obesity (OR = 0.35; 95% CI, 0.24-0.50) were related to decreased odds of osteoporosis and osteopenia in both male and female T2DM patients, poor glycemic control (OR = 1.63; 95% CI, 1.08-2.47) was associated with increased odds of osteoporosis and osteopenia in males, and metformin treatment (OR = 0.65; 95% CI, 0.43-0.99) was associated with decreased odds of osteoporosis and osteopenia in females. Conclusions: Better glycemic management and rational choice of antidiabetic medication might be promising to prevent osteoporosis in T2DM patients. Further longitudinal studies are warranted to explore the association between antidiabetic treatment and osteoporosis.
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