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  • Koch, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Post-transcriptional Wnt Signaling Governs Epididymal Sperm Maturation
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Cell. - Cambridge, United States : Cell Press. - 0092-8674 .- 1097-4172. - 1097-4172 (Electronic) 0092-8674 (Linking) ; 163:5, s. 1225-1236
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The canonical Wnt signaling pathway is of paramount importance in development and disease. An emergent question is whether the upstream cascade of the canonical Wnt pathway has physiologically relevant roles beyond beta-catenin-mediated transcription, which is difficult to study due to the pervasive role of this protein. Here, we show that transcriptionally silent spermatozoa respond to Wnt signals released from the epididymis and that mice mutant for the Wnt regulator Cyclin Y-like 1 are male sterile due to immotile and malformed spermatozoa. Post-transcriptional Wnt signaling impacts spermatozoa through GSK3 by (1) reducing global protein poly-ubiquitination to maintain protein homeostasis; (2) inhibiting septin 4 phosphorylation to establish a membrane diffusion barrier in the sperm tail; and (3) inhibiting protein phosphatase 1 to initiate sperm motility. The results indicate that Wnt signaling orchestrates a rich post-transcriptional sperm maturation program and invite revisiting transcription-independent Wnt signaling in somatic cells as well.
  • Adolfsson, Jörgen, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of Flt3(+) lympho-myeloid stem cells lacking erythro-megakaryocytic potential: A revised road map for adult blood lineage commitment
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Cell. - : Cell Press. - 1097-4172 .- 0092-8674. ; 121:2, s. 295-306
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • All blood cell lineages derive from a common hematopoietic stem cell (HSC). The current model implicates that the first lineage commitment step of adult pluripotent HSCs results in a strict separation into common lymphoid and common myeloid precursors. We present evidence for a population of cells which, although sustaining a high proliferative and combined lympho-myeloid differentiation potential, have lost the ability to adopt erythroid and megakaryocyte lineage fates. Cells in the Lin-Sca-1+c-kit+ HSC compartment coexpressing high levels of the tyrosine kinase receptor Flt3 sustain granulocyte, monocyte, and B and T cell potentials but in contrast to Lin-Sca-1(+)ckit(+)Flt3(-) HSCs fail to produce significant erythroid and megakaryocytic progeny. This distinct lineage restriction site is accompanied by downregulation of genes for regulators of erythroid and megakaryocyte development. In agreement with representing a lymphoid primed progenitor, Lin(-)Sca-l(+)c-kit(+)CD34(+)Flt3(+) cells display upregulated IL-7 receptor gene expression. Based on these observations, we propose a revised road map for adult blood lineage development.
  • Allan, Douglas W, et al. (författare)
  • Specification of Neuropeptide Cell Identity by the Integration of Retrograde BMP Signaling and a Combinatorial Transcription Factor Code
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Cell. - Cambridge, United States : Cell Press. - 0092-8674 .- 1097-4172. ; 113:1, s. 73-86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Individual neurons express only one or a few of the many identified neurotransmitters and neuropeptides, but the molecular mechanisms controlling their selection are poorly understood. In the Drosophila ventral nerve cord, the six Tv neurons express the neuropeptide gene FMRFamide. Each Tv neuron resides within a neuronal cell group specified by the LIM-homeodomain gene apterous. We find that the zinc-finger gene squeeze acts in Tv cells to promote their unique axon pathfinding to a peripheral target. There, the BMP ligand Glass bottom boat activates the Wishful thinking receptor, initiating a retrograde BMP signal in the Tv neuron. This signal acts together with apterous and squeeze to activate FMRFamide expression. Reconstituting this "code," by combined BMP activation and apterous/squeeze misexpression, triggers ectopic FMRFamide expression in peptidergic neurons. Thus, an intrinsic transcription factor code integrates with an extrinsic retrograde signal to select a specific neuropeptide identity within peptidergic cells.
  • Allen, John (författare)
  • Photosynthesis of ATP - Electrons, proton pumps, rotors, and poise
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Cell. - : Cell Press. - 1097-4172. ; 110:3, s. 273-276
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Light-driven electron transport is coupled to ATP synthesis in chloroplasts. While the nature of the coupling and the structures of key components are now known, there has long been disagreement over pathways of electron transport. Recent results now put an old idea back on the agenda -cyclic electron transport around photosystem 1.
  • Alonso-Blanco, Carlos, et al. (författare)
  • 1,135 Genomes Reveal the Global Pattern of Polymorphism in Arabidopsis thaliana
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Cell. - : Elsevier. - 0092-8674 .- 1097-4172. ; 166:2, s. 481-491
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Arabidopsis thaliana serves as a model organism for the study of fundamental physiological, cellular, and molecular processes. It has also greatly advanced our understanding of intraspecific genome variation. We present a detailed map of variation in 1,135 high-quality re-sequenced natural inbred lines representing the native Eurasian and North African range and recently colonized North America. We identify relict populations that continue to inhabit ancestral habitats, primarily in the Iberian Peninsula. They have mixed with a lineage that has spread to northern latitudes from an unknown glacial refugium and is now found in a much broader spectrum of habitats. Insights into the history of the species and the fine-scale distribution of genetic diversity provide the basis for full exploitation of A. thaliana natural variation through integration of genomes and epigenomes with molecular and non-molecular phenotypes.
  • Anava, Sarit, et al. (författare)
  • Illuminating Genetic Mysteries of the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cell. - : CELL PRESS. - 0092-8674 .- 1097-4172. ; 181:6, s. 1218-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The discovery of the 2,000-year-old Dead Sea Scrolls had an incomparable impact on the historical understanding of Judaism and Christianity. "Piecing together'' scroll fragments is like solving jigsaw puzzles with an unknown number of missing parts. We used the fact that most scrolls are made from animal skins to "fingerprint'' pieces based on DNA sequences. Genetic sorting of the scrolls illuminates their textual relationship and historical significance. Disambiguating the contested relationship between Jeremiah fragments supplies evidence that some scrolls were brought to the Qumran caves from elsewhere; significantly, they demonstrate that divergent versions of Jeremiah circulated in parallel throughout Israel (ancient Judea). Similarly, patterns discovered in non-biblical scrolls, particularly the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice, suggest that the Qumran scrolls represent the broader cultural milieu of the period. Finally, genetic analysis divorces debated fragments from the Qumran scrolls. Our study demonstrates that interdisciplinary approaches enrich the scholar's toolkit.
  • Armada Moreira, Adam, et al. (författare)
  • STEM Pride: Perspectives from transgender, nonbinary, and genderqueer scientists
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Cell. - : CELL PRESS. - 0092-8674 .- 1097-4172. ; 184:13, s. 3352-3355
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In celebration of Pride Month, we asked transgender, genderqueer, and nonbinary scientists to tell us about what fascinates them, their ambitions and achievements, and how their gender identities have shaped their experiences in STEM. We owe a special thanks to 500 Queer Scientists (https://500queerscientists.com/), whose network and efforts at increasing LGBTQ+ scientists visibility made this article possible.
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