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  • Ahren-Moonga, Jennie, et al. (författare)
  • Personality traits and self-injurious behaviour in patients with eating disorders
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European eating disorders review. - 1072-4133 .- 1099-0968. ; 16:4, s. 268-275
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The interest in different aspects of personality and the neuropsychological basis for behaviour in eating disorder patients has increased over the last decade. The present study aims at exploring personality traits, self-injurious behaviour (SIB) and suicide attempts in a group of severely ill eating disorder patients. Patients with eating disorders (N = 38) and age-matched controls (N = 67) were examined concerning self-reported personality traits by means of the Karolinska scales of personality (KSP). Psychosocial history and SIB was collected from medical records. Depression was rated by means of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Results indicated significantly higher anxiety-related and detachment traits in both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) patients and higher hostility in BN patients than controls. No specific personality traits could be defined as typical for self-injurious or suicidal behaviour. The AN group was lower than the BN group on scales measuring impulsivity, guilt and anxiety. Furthermore, presence of SIB and suicide attempts was more frequent among the BN patients.</p>
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3.
  • Ahrén-Moonga, Jennie, et al. (författare)
  • Personality traits and self-injury behaviour in patients with eating disorders
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European eating disorders review. - 1072-4133 .- 1099-0968. ; 16:4, s. 268-275
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The interest in different aspects of personality and the neuropsychological basis for behaviour in eating disorder patients has increased over the last decade. The present study aims at exploring personality traits, self-injurious behaviour (SIB) and suicide attempts in a group of severely ill eating disorder patients. Patients with eating disorders (&lt;i&gt;N&lt;/i&gt; = 38) and age-matched controls (N = 67) were examined concerning self-reported personality traits by means of the Karolinska scales of personality (KSP). Psychosocial history and SIB was collected from medical records. Depression was rated by means of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Results indicated significantly higher anxiety-related and detachment traits in both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) patients and higher hostility in BN patients than controls. No specific personality traits could be defined as typical for self-injurious or suicidal behaviour. The AN group was lower than the BN group on scales measuring impulsivity, guilt and anxiety. Furthermore, presence of SIB and suicide attempts was more frequent among the BN patients.</p>
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4.
  • Aila Gustafsson, Sanna, et al. (författare)
  • Personal standards, self-evaluation and perceived benefits of thinness in girls and young women with disturbed eating
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European eating disorders review. - 1072-4133 .- 1099-0968. ; 16:6, s. 463-471
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this study was to examine personal standards, self-evaluation and perceived benefits of thinness in Swedish females 14-21 years with disturbed eating (DE) and to compare these to a group with other psychosocial problems and to a symptom free group. Seventy subjects with DE-group, 65 subjects with psychosocial problems and 70 symptom free subjects were compared regarding items selected from four questionnaires. High personal standards expressed in a competitive way were specific for the DE-group. In comparison with the other groups the DE-group also reported significantly more perceived benefits of thinness and they more frequently believed that thinness would make them more popular. The DE-group also reported a more negative self-evaluation, although this was a trait shared with the subjects with other psychosocial problems and consequently not specific for the DE-group. Identifying specific factors that perpetuate DE habits is important in order to improve our understanding and enhance the treatment of eating disorders.</p>
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5.
  • Aila Gustafsson, Sanna, et al. (författare)
  • Risk and protective factors for disturbed eating in adolescent girls : aspects of perfectionism and attitudes to eating and weight
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European eating disorders review. - 1072-4133 .- 1099-0968. ; 17:5, s. 380-389
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this study was to longitudinally examine the role of personal standards, self-evaluation, perceived benefits of thinness and attitudes to eating and weight in the development of healthy versus disturbed eating in adolescent girls. In a longitudinal study, girls who participated in two assessments, four to five years apart, were divided into three groups according to the attitudes to eating that they manifested at the second evaluation: those with disturbed eating patterns (DE-group, n = 49), those with intermediate concerns about eating (IE-group, n = 260) and those with healthy eating attitudes (HE-group, n = 120). Variables concerning attitudes to eating and weight and physical self-evaluation emerged as risk factors, whereas personal standards or self-evaluation in general did not. Protective factors were a low BMI, healthy eating attitudes, an accepting attitude towards body size and a positive self-evaluation, particularly with regard to physical and psychological characteristics. The results of this study contribute to the understanding of early risk and protective factors for eating disturbances in girls.</p>
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6.
  • Ammenberg, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Auditing external environmental auditors : investigating how ISO 14001 is interpreted and applied in reality
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Eco-Management and Auditing. - 0968-9427 .- 1099-0925. ; 8:4, s. 183-192
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The ISO 14001 standard leaves a lot to be interpreted by its users. As the standard is growing in popularity the external environmental auditors are becoming key players in the environmental arena. Through interpretations, they form the linkage between the standard document and its application in reality.</p><p>This study is based on interviews conducted with auditors representing all nine certification bodies in Sweden and at the board that accredits these firms. The paper presents how auditors interpret and apply central requirements of ISO 14001, with the aim to illuminate important issues from an environmental point of view.</p><p>It can be concluded that many important requirements are interpreted differently. There are disagreements regarding what criteria are approved when determining which environmental aspects are significant. Further on, the standard's requirement for continual improvement is normally transformed to improvements regarding a few ratios. The paper, amongst other issues, also deals with auditors' competence, their objectivity and their opinions about the efforts of certified organizations.</p>
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7.
  • Baas, Leo, et al. (författare)
  • Inventing the intervention: how organizations deal with alternative approaches to eco-management
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Eco-Management and Auditing. - 0968-9427 .- 1099-0925. ; 7:2, s. 67-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The concept of <em>translation</em> captures the essence of the way in which innovative ideas diffuse to organizations: rather than being transplanted in the same way in every organization, the idea is reformulated into a shape that fits the adapting organization. For instance, pollution prevention, which consists of a conceptual framework as well as a set of organizational routines, is an idea that is translated by adopting organizations into shapes that can differ substantially.</p> <p>When intervening in organizations to implement the idea of pollution prevention, the intervention strategy should be sensitive to this translation process. In this paper, we will present the cases of two chemical firms who participated in an action research project aimed at diffusing the concept of pollution prevention. The way in which members from each of these organizations (re)acted in this process reveals some important points about organizational change, organizational culture and interventions.</p> <ul> <li> <p>In the translation process, organizational members reframe an outside idea into concepts and routines that fit with existing practices. Thus, introducing a radically new concept can result in piecemeal organizational change or even no change at all.</p> </li> <li> <p>Differences in the translation process are not determined by the technologies employed by an organization; it is the organizational culture that seems to be more important.</p> </li> <li> <p>Involving governmental agencies in the intervention strategy complicates the translation process: in addition to the firm, the agencies seek to shape the idea of pollution prevention into concepts and routines that fit their own existing practices.</p> </li> </ul>
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