SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "L773:1469 0292 OR L773:1878 5476 "

Sökning: L773:1469 0292 OR L773:1878 5476

  • Resultat 1-10 av 67
  • [1]234567Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Alfermann, D., et al. (författare)
  • Reactions to sport career termination : A cross-national comparison of German, Lithuanian, and Russian athletes
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 1469-0292 .- 1878-5476. ; 5:1, s. 61-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objectives: To assess the cognitive, emotional, and behavioural consequences of sport career termination of national and international level athletes in three nations.</p><p>Design and methods: Athletes of Germany (<em>n</em>=88), Lithuania (<em>n</em>=65), and Russia (<em>n</em>=101) were asked to describe in retrospect their reactions to career termination. The Athletic Retirement Questionnaire developed by the first two authors and presented in three corresponding languages was used. Planning of retirement and national identity served as independent variables. Dependent variables were reasons and circumstances for career termination, participants’ emotional reactions, coping reactions, athletic identity during and after sport career, and adjustment to life after career termination.</p><p>Results: Analyses of variance revealed significant main effects of retirement planning and national identity on most dependent variables. Planning of retirement contributed to significantly better cognitive, emotional, and behavioural adaptation. In addition, high athletic identity contributed to less positive reactions to retirement and to more problems in the adaptation process. The emotional reactions of Russian and Lithuanian athletes were similar, but differed from the German athletes who, in general, showed more positive and lesser negative emotions after retirement. Though accepting the reality of retirement was the most often used coping strategy among all participants, Lithuanian athletes showed more denial and Russian athletes more distraction strategies after retirement than the other nations.</p><p>Discussion: The results are discussed with regard to athletes’ readiness for career transition in different social and cultural environments. Recommendations are given on how to help athletes to prepare for and to cope with career termination. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p>
  •  
2.
  • Baldursdottir, Birna, et al. (författare)
  • Age-related differences in physical activity and depressive symptoms among 10-19-year-old adolescents : A population based study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise. - Elsevier. - 1469-0292 .- 1878-5476. ; 28, s. 91-99
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine age- and gender-related patterns of PA and depressive symptoms among students through their adolescent years. Design: Data from three population-based surveys were analysed to determine levels of moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA), participation in organized sports and depressive symptoms among 10-19-year-old adolescents. Method: Questionnaires assessing PA and depressive symptoms were administered to 32 860 students in compulsory and upper-secondary schools in Iceland. Results: As age increased, depressive symptoms increased and PA decreased with over half of the adolescents in upper-secondary schools not achieving recommended daily PA. There were gender differences in PA and depressive symptoms with girls being less active and reporting higher levels of depressive symptoms than boys. MVPA was associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms among both genders while organized sports had more impact on depressive symptoms among girls. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this study is the first to simultaneously examine patterns of PA and depressive symptoms among students through their adolescent years. Our findings show that the decrease in PA and increase in depressive symptoms is most pronounced around the transition from compulsory to upper-secondary school, or around the age of 15-16. Thus the findings provide important information about when to tailor public health efforts to reduce the burden of depressive symptoms among adolescents, for example by employing PA interventions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p>
  •  
3.
  • Bentzen, Marte, et al. (författare)
  • Development of Exhaustion for High-level Coaches in Association with Workload and Motivation – a Personal Centered Approach
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise. - 1469-0292 .- 1878-5476. ; 22, s. 10-19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objectives</p><p>The aim of the current study was twofold. First, to explore whether there were different trajectories of exhaustion among high-performance coaches over the course of a competitive season. Then, to investigate whether workload-related variables and motivational regulations were associated with exhaustion class membership.</p><p>Methods and design</p><p>299 high-performance coaches responded to an online survey at the start, middle, and end of a competitive season, assessing exhaustion, workload, work home interference (WHI), recovery, and motivational regulations. Latent class growth analyses were used to identify different trajectories of perceived exhaustion. Further, multinomial logistic regression examined class associations for workload-related variables and motivational regulations at the start and at the end of competitive season.</p><p>Results</p><p>Four different trajectories of perceived exhaustion among coaches were identified, termed respectively “<em>High</em>” (10%), “<em>Increase</em>” (15%), “<em>Decrease</em>” (4%) and “<em>Low</em>” (71%). Higher levels of workload and WHI were associated to classes with higher levels of exhaustion. Higher levels of recovery, and intrinsic and identified regulations were associated to classes with lower levels of exhaustion. Adaptive and maladaptive profiles were identified.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Different trajectories of exhaustion among high-performance coaches over the course of a competitive season were found. A maladaptive profile was associated with higher perceived workload and WHI, as well as lower levels of recovery, intrinsic and identified regulations, when compared to the adaptive profile.</p>
  •  
4.
  •  
5.
  • Gerber, Markus, et al. (författare)
  • Usefulness of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant burnout symptoms among young elite athletes
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise. - Elsevier. - 1469-0292 .- 1878-5476. ; 39, s. 104-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objectives: Having psychometrically sound instruments is essential to the understanding of the determinants and consequences of athlete burnout. Therefore, this study examines the psychometric properties of a German version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) and its usefulness as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant burnout symptoms. Design: Prospective study. Method: 257 young elite athletes were recruited from Swiss Olympic Sport Classes (37% females; M = 16.8 years, SD = 1.4). 197 students were assessed a second time after six months. All students filled in a standardized questionnaire about domain-specific and domain-unspecific burnout symptoms, depressive symptoms, stress, and life satisfaction. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor structure of the ABQ. Moreover, all subscales had acceptable internal consistency. Support was also found for the convergent validity of the ABQ; all subscales were positively correlated with perceived stress, burnout and depression, whereas negative correlations existed with life satisfaction. By contrast, some ABQ subscales shared only limited variance, the three ABQ subscales did not predict each other across time, and none of the ABQ subscales was suitable for the screening of clinically relevant burnout symptoms. Conclusions: While the factor structure and internal consistency of the ABQ was supported, our study corroborates previous concerns about the psychometric properties and validity of the ABQ. While the ABQ has advanced research on athlete burnout, we hold that further debates about the most suitable way to assess burnout among elite athletes are urgently needed.</p>
  •  
6.
  • Gustafsson, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • A qualitative analysis of burnout in elite Swedish athletes
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise. - 1469-0292 .- 1878-5476. ; 9:6, s. 800-816
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: To extend the understanding of burnout in elite athletes, including personal experiences and perceived antecedents.</p> <p>Design and Methods: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 Swedish 22- to 26-year-old elite athletes who had quit sport due to burnout. The interview transcripts were inductively analyzed using qualitative content analysis,</p> <p>Results: The findings support the notion of athlete burnout as a multidimensional syndrome. While stressors like multiple demands. "too much sport," lack of recovery and high expectations were considered primary causes of burnout by the respondents, high motivation, unidimensional athletic identity. self-esteem strivings, high ego goals, negative perfectionist traits and feelings of entrapment were also found to be critical contributors. These restraining factors explained why the athletes continued their participation in sport despite a progressive worsening of their condition, and are therefore potentially crucial in the development of burnout.</p> <p>Conclusion: Athlete burnout appears to be it complex interaction of multiple stressors, inadequate recovery and frustration from unfulfilled expectations, which is explained partly by maladaptive perfectionist traits and goals. This process is fuelled by a strong drive to validate self-worth, sometimes in conjunction with feelings of entrapment.</p>
  •  
7.
  • Gustafsson, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • A qualitative analysis of burnout in elite Swedish athletes
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise. - 1469-0292 .- 1878-5476. ; 9:6, s. 800-816
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: To extend the understanding of burnout in elite athletes, including personal experiences and perceived antecedents. Design and Methods: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 Swedish 22- to 26-year-old elite athletes who had quit sport due to burnout. The interview transcripts were inductively analyzed using qualitative content analysis, Results: The findings support the notion of athlete burnout as a multidimensional syndrome. While stressors like multiple demands. ""too much sport,"" lack of recovery and high expectations were considered primary causes of burnout by the respondents, high motivation, unidimensional athletic identity. self-esteem strivings, high ego goals, negative perfectionist traits and feelings of entrapment were also found to be critical contributors. These restraining factors explained why the athletes continued their participation in sport despite a progressive worsening of their condition, and are therefore potentially crucial in the development of burnout. Conclusion: Athlete burnout appears to be it complex interaction of multiple stressors, inadequate recovery and frustration from unfulfilled expectations, which is explained partly by maladaptive perfectionist traits and goals. This process is fuelled by a strong drive to validate self-worth, sometimes in conjunction with feelings of entrapment. </p>
  •  
8.
  •  
9.
  •  
10.
  • Gustafsson, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Hope and athlete burnout : Stress and affect as mediators
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise. - 1469-0292 .- 1878-5476. ; 14:5, s. 640-649
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: In this study we examined the relationship between trait hope and burnout in elite junior soccer players and whether stress and positive and negative affect mediated this relationship.</p><p>Methods: Participants were 238 Swedish soccer players (166 males, 71 females; one did not indicate gender) aged 15-19 years who completed questionnaires measuring trait hope, perceived stress, positive and negative affect, and athlete burnout (i.e., emotional/physical exhaustion, a reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation).</p><p>Results: Bivariate correlations were consistent with hope theory contentions indicating significant negative relationships between hope and all three burnout dimensions. The relationship between hope and emotional/physical exhaustion was fully mediated by stress and positive affect. For sport devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment, stress and positive affect partially mediated the relationship with hope. In contrast, negative affect did not mediate the relationship between hope and any of the burnout dimensions.</p><p>Conclusion: The results support earlier findings that hope is negatively related to athlete burnout. Support was also found for the hypothesis that high hope individuals would experience less stress and therefore less burnout. Promoting hope may be relevant in reducing the likelihood of this detrimental syndrome. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p>
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 67
  • [1]234567Nästa
Åtkomst
fritt online (4)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (66)
forskningsöversikt (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (64)
övrigt vetenskapligt (5)
Författare/redaktör
Gustafsson, Henrik, (14)
Lindwall, Magnus, 19 ... (10)
Hassmén, Peter (9)
Stambulova, Natalia, ... (8)
Gustafsson, Henrik, ... (7)
Stenling, Andreas (7)
visa fler...
Ivarsson, Andreas, 1 ... (6)
Podlog, Leslie (6)
Wagnsson, Stefan, (5)
Lindwall, Magnus, (5)
Skoog, Therése, (4)
Ivarsson, Andreas, (4)
Lundqvist, Carolina, (4)
Hallgren, M. (3)
Johnson, Urban, 1961 ... (3)
Stenling, Andreas, 1 ... (3)
Wylleman, Paul, (3)
Isoard-Gautheur, San ... (3)
Forsell, Y, (2)
Johansson, Mattias (2)
Schwarz, Johanna F A ... (2)
Standage, Martyn, (2)
Augustsson, Christia ... (2)
Redding, Emma (2)
Aujla, Imogen J (2)
Nordin-Bates, Sanna ... (2)
Lindgren, Eva-Carin, (2)
Baldursdottir, Birna ... (2)
Kenttä, Göran, 1965- ... (2)
Elbe, Anne-Marie (2)
Henriksen, Kristoffe ... (2)
Stambulova, Natalia (2)
Johnson, Urban (2)
Kenttä, Göran, (2)
Ivarsson, A (2)
Hassmen, P (2)
Stenling, A (2)
Cumming, Jennifer, (2)
Linnér, Lukas, 1985- ... (2)
Hatzigeorgiadis, Ant ... (2)
Bertollo, Maurizio, (2)
Moesch, Karin, 1975- ... (2)
Podlog, L (2)
Carlin, Maicon, (2)
Smith, A.L (2)
Guillet-Descas, Emma ... (2)
Helgadottir, B, (2)
Andersen, Mark B., (2)
Li, Chunxiao, (2)
Wu, Yandan, (2)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Högskolan i Halmstad (24)
Karlstads universitet (10)
Göteborgs universitet (7)
Umeå universitet (6)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (5)
Stockholms universitet (3)
visa fler...
Örebro universitet (3)
Karolinska Institutet (3)
Linköpings universitet (2)
Mittuniversitetet (2)
Lunds universitet (1)
Högskolan i Skövde (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (67)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Samhällsvetenskap (45)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (30)
Naturvetenskap (1)
Teknik (1)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy