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Sökning: L773:1471 0153 > (2005-2009)

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1.
  • Anzengruber, D, et al. (författare)
  • Smoking in eating disorders
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Eating behaviors. - 1471-0153. ; 7:4, s. 291-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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  • de Man Lapidoth, Joakim (författare)
  • Binge eating in surgical weight-loss treatments : Long-term associations with weight loss, health related quality of life (HRQL), and psychopathology
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Eating Behaviors. - 1471-0153 .- 1873-7358. ; 7:1, s. 15-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Previous studies that have investigated the relationshipbetween binge eating and the long-term outcome of bariatric surgeryhave shown mixed results. Does binge eating before or after bariatricsurgery affect long-term BMI, health-related quality of life (HRQL), orpsychopathology after surgery? The objective of the present studywas to address these questions to determine the extent to whichbinge eating needs to be addressed in the context of bariatric surgeryMethods. We assessed 173 bariatric patients before and three yearsafter weight loss surgery with regard to weight, binge eating, HRQL,and psychopathology.Results. Binge eating habits before and after weight loss surgerywere unrelated to the long-term BMI outcome. Binge eating afterweight loss surgery was associated with more psychopathology and alower HRQL.Conclusion. Binge eating before or after weight loss surgery doesnot predict long-term BMI outcome. Therefore, exclusions fromsurgery for this reason alone are difficult to motivate. However,results show that binge eating after weight loss surgery is commonand is associated with both more psychopathology and a lower HRQL.The poor psychological health status of patients that binge eat afterweight loss surgery motivates studies with longer follow-up periods toinvestigate whether post-surgical binge eating might increase thevulnerability to future weight regain and complications at time pointsbeyond three years. The high rate of binge eating after surgery andits negative association with the HRQL and psychopathology indicatethat we need to be observant of the occurrence and potential effectsof binge eating in the context of bariatric surgery.
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  • de Man Lapidoth, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Eating disorders and disordered eating among patients seeking non-surgical weight-loss treatment in Sweden
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Eating Behaviors. - 1471-0153 .- 1873-7358. ; 7:1, s. 15-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study of 194 Swedish men and women seeking non-surgical weight-loss treatment was to investigate the presence of eating disorders and binge eating symptoms and to compare these two groups of patients with a group without eating disorder- or binge eating symptoms. The groups were compared in regard to co-morbid psychopathology, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) and anthropometric data. Of the total sample, 9.8% fulfilled criteria for any eating disorder. An additional 7.2% indicated binge eating symptoms without having an eating disorder. The three groups were significantly different in regard to psychopathology scales and most HRQL items. Eating disorders and binge eating symptoms are common among patients seeking non-surgical weight-loss treatments in Sweden and both groups showed elevated levels of co-morbid psychopathology and lower HRQL compared to patients without disordered eating. These findings point to the importance of assessing the full range of eating disorder symptoms and disorders as well as HRQL and co-morbid psychopathology before weight-loss treatment, as these factors might affect treatment outcome.
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  • Ivarsson, Tord, 1946, et al. (författare)
  • Weight concerns, body image, depression and anxiety in Swedish adolescents.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Eating behaviors. - 1471-0153. ; 7:2, s. 161-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To assess weight problems and correlates in respect of body image, depression, anxiety and demographic background factors. METHOD: 405 Swedish adolescents were assessed in respect of Body Mass Index (BMI), biographical data, the Body Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults (BESAA), the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). RESULTS: Boys were in the positive and girls in the negative direction from ideal BMI for age and gender. Girls and boys differed in respect of CDI, MASC and of BESAA where girls generally were shifted in the "pathological" direction. DISCUSSION: The adolescents' own positive attitude to slimness, negative mood (girls), and anxiety symptoms that reflect social fears (boys) and physical aspects of anxiety (girls and boys) were important correlates of lower BMI than ideal. Adolescent cultural norms need to be addressed in preventive work. However, in girls' separation anxiety might be a protective factor against underweight. In girls, overweight seems to be associated with negative self-esteem.
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  • Johansson, Linda, et al. (författare)
  • Stroop interference for food- and body-related words : A meta-analysis
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Eating Behaviors. - 1471-0153 .- 1873-7358. ; 6:3, s. 271-281
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • According to cognitive theories of eating disorders, biased information processing in favour of dysfunctional attitudes about food and body appearance plays a vital role in the development and maintenance of such disorders. Data from 27 studies evaluating Stroop interference for food- and body-related words with negative overtones were included in a meta-analysis in order to investigate whether such processing biases are specific to eating disordered samples. Participants were females characterised as eating disordered, non-eating disordered but nevertheless over-concerned with body appearance and eating, and normal controls. Mean Stroop interference for eating disordered females was of medium effect size (Cohen's d=0.48) and significantly larger than for both non-eating disordered females concerned with body appearance and eating, and normal control females (both d=0.21). Stroop interference for eating disordered females was thus of fairly modest magnitude where it was unclear whether such interference is specific to this sample. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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