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1.
  • Ahlberg, Beth Maina, et al. (författare)
  • "A child, a tree" : Challenges in building collaborative relations in a community research project in a Kenyan context
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: ; 14:3, s. 257-275
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper highlights the potential for basing participatory action research on priorities identified by communities. The case builds on a research project by the Social Science Medicine Africa Network (Soma-net) focusing on AIDS prevention among school youth in Kajiado in Kenya during 2003-2006. It became clear from that study just how complex it is to promote open communication on issues of sexuality considered critical for sexual health promotion. Towards the end of that study a spin-off in the form of a concept a child, a tree or tree planting evolved and the research thereafter continued as a partnership between the school community and the researchers. The focus then was on understanding how health promotion could be integrated into other aspects of community life. The concept and tree planting when implemented created a sense of ownership among the pupils largely because they were placed at the centre of the development activities. The story illuminates the nature of change developing in the course of the project, but also the challenges and complexity of creating and maintaining collaborative relations in the face of cultural and gender power dynamics and interventions imposed from outside the community.
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2.
  • Ahlberg, Beth Maina, et al. (författare)
  • “A child, a tree” : Challenges in building collaborative relations in a community research project in a Kenyan context
  • Ingår i: Action Research. - : SAGE Publications. - 1476-7503. ; 14:3, s. 257-275
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper highlights the potential for basing participatory action research on priorities identified by communities. The case builds on a research project by the Social Science Medicine Africa Network (Soma-net) focusing on AIDS prevention among school youth in Kajiado in Kenya during 2003–2006. It became clear from that study just how complex it is to promote open communication on issues of sexuality considered critical for sexual health promotion. Towards the end of that study a spin-off in the form of a concept “a child, a tree” or tree planting evolved and the research thereafter continued as a partnership between the school community and the researchers. The focus then was on understanding how health promotion could be integrated into other aspects of community life. The concept and tree planting when implemented created a sense of ownership among the pupils largely because they were placed at the centre of the development activities. The story illuminates the nature of change developing in the course of the project, but also the challenges and complexity of creating and maintaining collaborative relations in the face of cultural and gender power dynamics and interventions imposed from outside the community.
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3.
  • Berglund, Karin Anna Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Using pictures and artefacts in a PAR process to disclose new wor(l)ds of entrepreneurship
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Action Research. - : SAGE Publications. - 1476-7503 .- 1741-2617. ; 10:3, s. 276-292
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Drawing on Freire, this article elaborates on how pictures and artefacts benefit processes of 'prise de conscience' and 'conscientization' among those with powerful voices. Wor(l)d-making was unfolded in the Swedish think-and-do tank, 'the Smithy', emphasizing the intrinsically political nature of promoting 'societal entrepreneurship' (SE). New words for SE were formulated and a more inclusive world was discerned where all had a role, not just as 'helpers', but as equal members of SE practices. Pictures and artefacts enabled hitherto silenced stories to be told and created a common understanding of how SE contrasted with traditional entrepreneurship. When new words were added to entrepreneurship, it was possible to reflect on the actions taken within the Smithy in a deeper sense, not only focusing on actions for the entrepreneurs 'out there', but also initiating self-reflection on the roles all had in the Smithy, or in other settings, to promote SE.
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6.
  • Dabaieh, Marwa (författare)
  • Participatory action research as a tool in solving desert vernacular architecture problems in the Western Desert of Egypt
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Action Research. - : SAGE Publications. - 1476-7503. ; 11:3, s. 279-298
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vernacular architecture is suffering all over the world and Egypt is one of the countries where the desert vernacular is facing a great risk of disappearance. The aim of the research is to introduce a methodological approach applying participatory action research (PAR) as a tool to help save the future of the currently deteriorating desert vernacular architecture. The aim was to help prevent further loss of desert vernacular architecture knowledge and to encourage vernacular know-how in becoming a living part of future building practices. To benefit from local know-how, a desert vernacular model house was constructed using PAR methods that engaged the local community throughout the design and building phases. The model house was constructed based on an understanding of desert vernacular architecture as well as of the urban fabric and building technology. The town of Balat in the Western Desert of Egypt was chosen as a location for this research work application. As this is an international problem the research developed several techniques within PAR, applied in a flexible way, giving the opportunity for further application in similar vernacular settlements suffering from similar problems.
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7.
  • Eklund Karlsson, Leena, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Work-integrated learning and health literacy catalysts for Roma empowerment and social inclusion : A participatory action research
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Action Research. - 1476-7503 .- 1741-2617. ; 17:4, s. 549-572
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Roma people all over the world have often been subject to prejudice, stigma, discrimination and oppression. Many Roma have little or no education, which in combination with other factors often leads to unemployment and marginalization. Based on a case study in Sweden, this paper proposes an approach that can be used in participatory projects aiming at improving the living situation of marginalized people. In such an approach, the Roma themselves would be the leaders in all activities concerning the group. The first aim of this paper is to describe how health literacy and work-integrated learning functioned as empowering tools for a Roma-led inclusion process within a participatory action research framework. The second aim is to discuss and reflect on the use of participatory action research in community work with Roma based on the experiences of the participatory action research participants. The findings indicate that work-integrated learning may be a worthwhile approach for increasing the individual empowerment and self-led social inclusion of vulnerable people. However, the obstacles of structural discriminatory nature hindered the project to reach its full potential in its intended emancipatory goals.
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8.
  • Ekman Philips, Marianne (författare)
  • Action Research and development coalitions in health care
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Action Research. - London : Sage Publications. - 1476-7503 .- 1741-2617. ; 2:4, s. 349-370
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Action research within the field of work and organization has, for several decades, struggled with the problem of concentrating its efforts on a few workplaces versus distributing them on many. The Swedish programme ‘Work environment in health care’ was an effort to reach out broadly in this sector of working life, although with limited resources. The article presents and discusses an approach based on using dialogically structured encounters to support a number of local developments at the same time as an effort was made to turn these encounters into a permanent infrastructure for development.
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9.
  • Ericson-Lidman, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Care providers learning to deal with troubled conscience through participatory action research
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Action Research. - : Sage Publications. - 1476-7503 .- 1741-2617. ; 11:4, s. 386-402
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to identify a process to assist care providers in dealing constructively with their troubled conscience generated by a difficult situation in elderly care relating to spitting behaviour. Our idea was, with help from participatory action research (PAR), that sharing and reflecting with others upon the voice of conscience, may support care providers to find ways to deal constructively with troubled conscience. Care providers in municipal elderly care participated in intervention sessions over one year, and with support from PAR, they were able to learn to ease the burden of a troubled conscience. They dealt with their troubled conscience constructively by sharing their thoughts and feelings, and gaining more knowledge about behavioural symptoms. They were trying to take relevant measures when caring for the resident, and perceiving the behaviour as unintentional. In this study PAR contributes with increased understanding of the necessity to listen to one's conscience and of the possibility of using conscience as a driving force, to develop clinical practice. This contribution of PAR may in the long run increase quality of care and work-related health.
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10.
  • Ericson-Lidman, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Using a developed participatory action research process in practice to help care providers deal with troubled conscience in residential care of older people
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Action Research. - London : Sage Publications. - 1476-7503 .- 1741-2617. ; 16:2, s. 190-206
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stress of conscience seriously influence the quality of care and the wellbeing of the care providers in care for older people. It is therefore of great importance to take measures to address, and relieve but preferably prevent stress related to troubled conscience. In our participatory action research studies, we have used troubled conscience as a driving force to relieve care providers’ burden and to increase quality of care. The aim with this paper is to present our experiences of using a further developed participatory action research process in practice to deal with care providers’ troubled conscience in residential care for older people. The contribution to participatory action research practice in our studies is a support to the participatory action research process through using a modified model of problem processing, an approach which we found fruitful. In the paper, we describe our experiences and discuss them in relation to relevant literature and theory. Our experiences are that in participatory action research it is crucial to build a trusting relationship and striving to create a fruitful dialogue between the researchers and the participants. In our studies, we found that participatory action research is an easy approach to adapt as a problem-solving process in clinical practice and in nursing research.
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