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  • Andersson, Tommy, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Travel for the sake of food
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 17:1, s. 44-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study addresses the need for more knowledge about the growing number of food tourists. The objective is to describe the effects of enduring food involvement on consumers’ behaviour in terms of food consumption, food-related activities and travel. The theoretical concepts of involvement, gastronomic identity and travel motives are elaborated to model the causes and effects of food involvement. Five proposals are suggested about involvement having effects on consumers’ identities, attitudes, motivations and travel behaviour. The five proposals are tested by first identifying a category of “food enthusiasts” defined as the top 25% in a population of urban citizens in terms of enduring food involvement and second by comparing “food enthusiasts” to other consumers. All five proposals are strongly supported by survey data. Practical implications are that destination management organizations and restaurants, as well as tourism attractions serving food, cannot ignore that a large segment of the urban population is highly involved in food. There are many good reasons to serve food that fulfils normal criteria for sustainable food, that is healthy and that is locally produced.
  • Andersson, Tommy, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Use-Value of Music Event Experiences: A “Triple Ex” Model Explaining Direct and Indirect Use-Value of Events
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 14:3, s. 255-274
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To describe the value of event experiences remains a challenge for event research. Recently, use-value has been successfully applied to event valuation, drawing on extensive research and a validated methodology from environmental and culture economics. The objectives of this study are first to define direct and indirect use-value in an event context, second to suggest an explanatory model for direct and indirect use-value and third to test this model against data from 714 visitors to a three-day music festival. The results show that the concepts can be defined, measured and validated. The “Triple Ex” model gives a good fit to data and reveals significant influences from the three ex: experiences, extent of the visit and expenditure for the visit. Socio-economic variables are not significant. The model is suggested as a first step towards a better understanding of how use-value is created and more detailed studies of time and space dimensions of the three factors are proposed for further research.
  • Armbrecht, John, et al. (författare)
  • Subjects and objects of event impact analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 16:2, s. 111-114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Event Impact
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 16:2
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Hansen, Ann Heidi, et al. (författare)
  • Tour guides’ performance and tourists’ immersion: facilitating consumer immersion by performing a guide plus role
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 17:3, s. 1-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tour guides are key front-line players in the tourism industry. This article focuses on how tour guide performance influences tourists’ involvement, thereby facilitating consumer immersion. First, we explore the tour guide’s basic role of establishing a thematised and secure experiencescape, which is a pre-requisite for immersion. Basic guide performance fulfils service-quality standards. We argue that tour guides can facilitate consumer immersion in the experiencescape by performing a “guide plus” role. In this role, a guide cares for and focuses on each individual’s involvement and meaning-creation processes and exceeds that defined in traditional service-quality and satisfaction research. Pivotal to the “guide plus” role are a guide’s abilities as a storyteller, social mediator and instructor. The article concludes that a “guide plus” performance has the ability to facilitate consumer immersion. Hence, an effective tour guide can enhance tourist involvement and engender immersion, thereby transforming a regular experience into an extraordinary experience.
  • Lundberg, Erik, 1978- (författare)
  • The Level of Tourism Development and Resident Attitudes: A Comparative Case Study of Coastal Destinations
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 15:3, s. 266-294
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study examines the relationship between the level of tourism development and resident attitudes. The tourism area life cycle (TALC) is discussed to understand differences between destinations. Since local residents are not a homogeneous group, cluster analysis is applied to divide local residents into groups with differing perceptions. Three destinations in West Sweden are empirically studied. A four-cluster solution is used, dividing residents into development supporters, prudent developers, ambivalent/cautious and skeptics. Comparisons between the three destinations show that cluster groups are significantly different in size and attitudes toward future tourism developments. Findings show that it is not possible, as argued in previous research, to use perceived tourism impacts as an indication of destination decline. Instead, findings indicate that negative impacts of tourism development are perceived by a larger share of the population at destinations with lower levels of tourism development. The influence of the altruistic surplus phenomenon, a continuous upward movement of thresholds for carrying capacity and the existence of cognitive lock-ins are discussed in the analysis. The linearity of the TALC, in line with previous research, is questioned. The life cycle of destinations is suggested to be more complex, chaotic and dependent on the specific context of the destination.
  • Möller, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Tourism’s localised population effect in the rural areas of Sweden
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 18:1, s. 39-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper examines how population change among young adults in rural areas is affected when tourism is the dominant industry. The relation between tourism and population change is often implicitly assumed but has not been well examined on a broader societal level. Existing studies have indicated that the effect of tourism on population change is limited in geographical range, and therefore a fine geographical resolution is useful. This analysis is based on yearly information on each individual who resided in Sweden in any year between 1990 and 2010, with 100-metre grid cells as the finest geographical resolution. Since young adults constitute a large part of all migration that takes place, they are the focus of this study. The findings show that the net population change among young adults is clearly more positive in tourism-dominated areas (TDAs) than in non-TDAs, and this becomes more significant the more remote the areas. Further, there is a better gender balance and a younger population in TDAs. Stayers and return migrants can partly explain the positive population change in TDAs, but as shown in previous research, there is a higher turnover of population in TDAs, and in-migration seems to be the key to positive population change.
  • Neuman, Nicklas, 1987- (författare)
  • An imagined culinary community : Stories of morality and masculinity in “Sweden – the new culinary nation”
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - Routledge. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 18:2, s. 149-162
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aims to explore the promotion of Swedish culinary excellence. While previous studies have mainly focused on how cuisine is used to construct the nation, this paper has turned the analysis around. Thus, it critically examines how pre-established assumptions about the nation serve as a resource to promote food. The data are based on texts and images from organisations promoting Sweden and Swedish food as well as on field notes from three observations of food fairs and one observation of the chef competition Bocuse d’Or Europe 2014. First, the paper argues that in their promotion of Swedish culinary excellence the food and hospitality industry actors draw on notions of morality, namely inclusivity for all and assumed ethical responsibilities for the environment and non-human animals. Second, the paper contends that the spearheads of culinary excellence were mostly a homogeneous group of urban, male chefs and the top restaurants. Male celebrity chefs were represented not only as “progressive” and “laid-back” guys but also as competitive and success-driven entrepreneurs.
  • Skriver Hansen, Andreas, 1983- (författare)
  • Applying visitor monitoring methods in coastal and marine areas – some learnings and critical reflections from Sweden
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. - 1502-2250 .- 1502-2269. ; 17:3, s. 279-296
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper addresses the lack of attention that so far has been given towards the challenges involved in applying visitor monitoring methods in open coastal and marine landscape settings. The topic is still largely overlooked in spite its importance for developing professionalized visitor monitoring procedures for coastal and marine areas. As a response, a monitoring case study from Kosterhavet National Park, Sweden, is introduced with a purpose to test and evaluate different applied visitor monitoring methods in a typical coastal and marine setting and with a special focus on reporting important challenges and experiences in this regard. Results are presented as three lessons that are discussed critically, including specific issues around sampling strategies and representativity of monitoring results, weather conditions in coastal and marine areas, and the need for a mixed-method strategy to acquire accurate results. Methodological contributions mainly concern how these challenges can be addressed and improved with the inclusion of new monitoring strategies based on different technological opportunities. Thoughts on management implications are also included. The paper serves as a central contribution to research discussions on applied visitor monitoring methods in coastal and marine areas as well as an important addition to existing visitor monitoring manuals.
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