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  • Adolfsson, Emma, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Bone marrow- and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells from donors with coronary artery disease : growth, yield, gene expression and the effect of oxygen concentration
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. - Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5513 .- 1502-7686. ; s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for cardiovascular cell therapy are procured from different sources including bone marrow and adipose tissue. Differently located MSCs differ in growth potential, differentiation ability and gene expression when cultured in vitro, and studies show different healing abilities for different MSC subgroups. In this study, bone marrow derived MSCs (BMSCs) and adipose tissue derived MSCs (ADSCs) from six human donors with coronary artery disease were compared for growth potential and expression of target genes (Angpt1, LIF, HGF, TGF-β1 and VEGF-A) in response to exposure to 1% and 5% O2, for up to 48 h. We found greater growth of ADSCs compared to BMSCs. ADSCs expressed higher levels of Angpt1, LIF and TGF-β1 and equal levels of VEGF-A and HGF as BMSCs. In BMSCs, exposure to low oxygen resulted in upregulation of TGF-β1, whereas other target genes were unaffected. Upregulation was only present at 1% O2. In ADSCs, LIF was upregulated in both oxygen concentrations, whereas Angpt1 was upregulated only at 1% O2. Different response to reduced oxygen culture conditions is of relevance when expanding cells in vitro prior to administration. These findings indicate ADSCs as better suited for cardiovascular cell therapy compared to BMSCs.
  • Agardh, Carl-David, et al. (författare)
  • Lack of association between plasma homocysteine levels and microangiopathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - Informa Healthcare. - 1502-7686. ; 54:8, s. 637-641
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The reactive vascular-injuring amino acid homocysteine was previously shown to be increased in plasma in diabetic patients with clinical signs of nephropathy. In this study, plasma homocysteine was measured in type 1 diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria (n = 22), microalbuminuria (n = 40) and proteinuria (n = 14) in order to investigate whether plasma homocysteine levels are increased already at the stage of incipient nephropathy, i.e. microalbuminuria. Furthermore, patients were characterized according to the degree of retinopathy. Plasma homocysteine in the whole population (n = 76) was related to B-Folate (r = 0.38, p < 0.01), S-Creatinine (r = 0.55, p < 0.001), S-Urea (r = 0.37, p < 0.01), U-Albumin (r = 0.46, p < 0.001), urinary N-acetyl-beta- glucosaminidase (r = 0.40, p < 0.001), systolic blood pressure (r = 0.36, p < 0.01) and diabetes duration (r = 0.44, p < 0.001). There were no differences in plasma homocysteine levels between patients with normoalbuminuria (8.0 +/- 1.7 mumol l-1; mean +/- SD) and those with microalbuminuria (9.1 +/- 3.4 mumol l-1). However, patients with clinical signs of nephropathy had higher plasma homocysteine levels (12.9 +/- 5.7 mumol l-1, p < 0.01) compared to the other two groups. There was no association between plasma homocysteine levels and different degrees of retinopathy. Thus, the present study does not show any relation between plasma homocysteine levels and early stages of diabetic nephropathy or retinopathy indicating that elevated concentrations of plasma homocysteine does not explain the increased risk for atherosclerosis observed in patients with microalbuminuria.
  • Agardh, Elisabet, et al. (författare)
  • Severe retinopathy in type 1 diabetic patients is not related to the level of plasma homocysteine
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - Informa Healthcare. - 1502-7686. ; 60:3, s. 169-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The vascular-injuring amino acid homocysteine was previously shown to be increased in plasma in type 1 diabetic patients with clinical signs of nephropathy. Previous studies have also shown an inconsistent relationship between the development of diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy, indicating different pathogenetic mechanisms. In this study, plasma homocysteine was measured in 25 type 1 diabetic patients with a well-characterized form of severe retinopathy. Furthermore, a group of 24 type 1 diabetic patients with similar age at onset of diabetes and diabetes duration with no or minimal background retinopathy were investigated, in order to determine whether plasma homocysteine levels are different from those in patients with severe retinopathy. Patients with severe retinopathy did not have higher plasma levels of homocysteine (13.9 micromol/L; 5.9-30.7, median and range) than those without retinopathy (10.4 micromol/L; 5.7-18.9). Within the group of patients with severe retinopathy, increased homocysteine levels were confined to the patients (19.9 micromol/L; 10.0-30.7, n=9) with serum creatinine levels > 100 micromol/L, compared to those patients (9.6; 5.9-14.3 micromol/L, n=15) with a serum creatinine below 100 micromol/L. None of the patients without or with minimal background retinopathy had serum creatinine levels > 100 micromol/L. We conclude that diabetic retinopathy is not associated with increased plasma homocysteine levels, but plasma homocysteine accumulates, probably owing to reduced glomerular filtration, in diabetic patients with signs of nephropathy. In these patients, the promoting effect of nephropathy on the development of retinopathy does not seem to be mediated through homocysteine.
  • Ahola, T, et al. (författare)
  • Thiol metabolism in preterm infants during the first week of life
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - Informa Healthcare. - 1502-7686. ; 64:7, s. 649-658
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of several complications of prematurity. The glutathione cycle is one of the most important intracellular antioxidant systems. The synthesis of glutathione may not be adequate in preterm neonates because of the low levels of cysteine available. The aim of this study was to evaluate cysteine and glutathione metabolism during the first week of life in preterm infants. Methods: Plasma and erythrocyte thiol concentrations were measured in 78 preterm infants with a birthweight of 500 1500 g, and erythrocyte glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferases (GST) and glucose 6-phosphatedehydrogenase (G6PDH) in 26 infants with a birthweight of 1000 - 1500 g. Results: The mean (SD) plasma glutathione concentration increased from day 0 to day 1 (14.9 (7.1) vs. 27.7 (11.9) mumol/L, p<0.001), and then decreased. The plasma cysteine concentration changed in the opposite direction ( 172 (59) vs. 129 (42) μmol/L, p<0.01). In infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) the mean plasma glutathione concentration, but not cysteine, was lower on day 0 compared with infants without RDS (11.7 (5.2) vs. 21.4 (5.6) mumol/L, p<0.01). Erythrocyte glutathione concentration decreased during the first week of life, whereas erythrocyte cysteine concentration increased significantly from day 3 to day 7 (p<0.01). Erythrocyte cysteine and glutathione concentrations had a positive correlation. The GCL and GR activities did not change, but GST and G6PDH activities decreased during the first week (p<0.01). GPx activity decreased until day 3 (p<0.01) and was higher on day 0 and day 1 in infants with RDS. Conclusions: Very low birthweight infants have an initial increase in plasma glutathione and initial decrease in plasma cysteine level during the first week of life, and also a positive correlation between erythrocyte cysteine and glutathione levels.
  • Aldrimer, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Population-based pediatric reference intervals for hematology, iron and transferrin
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. - 0036-5513 .- 1502-7686. ; 73:3, s. 253-261
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Reference intervals are crucial decision-making tools aiding clinicians in differentiating between healthy and diseased populations. However, for children such values often are lacking or incomplete. Blood samples were obtained from 689 healthy children, aged 6 months to 18 years, recruited in day care centers and schools. Hematology and anemia analytes were measured on the Siemens Advia 2120 and Abbott Architect ci8200 platforms (hemoglobin, erythrocyte volume fraction [EVF], erythrocytes, mean corpuscular volume [MCV], mean corpuscular hemoglobin [MCH], mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration [MCHC], reticulocytes, leukocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, platelets, iron, transferrin, transferrin saturation). Age-and gender-specific pediatric reference intervals were defined by calculating 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles. The data generated is primarily applicable to a Caucasian population, but could be used by any laboratory if verified for the local patient population.
  • Aldrimer, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Reference intervals on the Abbot Architect for serum thyroid hormones, lipids and prolactin in healthy children in a population-based study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. - 0036-5513 .- 1502-7686. ; 72:4, s. 326-332
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pediatric reference intervals for thyroid hormones, prolactin and lipids are of high clinical importance as deviations might indicate diseases with serious consequences. In general, previous reference intervals are hampered by the inclusion of only hospital-based populations of children and adolescents. The study included 694 children, evenly distributed from 6 months to 18 years of age. They were recruited as volunteers at child care units and schools. All subjects were apparently healthy and a questionnaire on diseases and medications was filled out by parents and by the older children. TSH, free T4, free T3, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides and prolactin were analyzed on Abbott Architect ci8200. Age- and gender-related 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles were estimated. The thyroid hormone levels were similar to previous data for the Abbott Architect platform, but exhibited differences from studies performed with other methods. Prolactin displayed wide reference ranges, but relatively small age-related changes, and a marginal difference between sexes during adolescence. Reference intervals for lipids in the different age groups are known to vary geographically. Levels of LDL and total cholesterol were higher than those reported for children in Canada, but lower than those reported for children in China. The study gives age-and gender-specific pediatric reference intervals, measured with modern methods for a number of important analytes. The results presented here differ from previously recommended reference intervals. In many earlier studies, retrospective hospital-based reference intervals, which may include various sub-groups have been presented. By non-hospital studies it is possible to avoid some of these biases.
  • Almquist, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Reproductive history, lifestyle factors and season as determinants for serum calcium concentrations in women.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - Informa Healthcare. - 1502-7686. ; 68, s. 777-785
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. Serum calcium concentrations have been associated with the risk of malignant disease, especially breast cancer. Thus, determinants of serum calcium concentrations, with special regard to risk factors of breast cancer, are of great interest. Material and methods. Previous studies have either been small or they have not focused on reproductive factors. The present study examined serum calcium concentrations in relation to reproductive history, selected lifestyle factors and screening season in a large population-based cohort study comprising 8,114 women. ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni t-test were used for comparison of means, and logistic regression and multiple regression analysis were used to test associations. Results. Serum calcium concentrations were lower in hormone replacement therapy users versus non-users (2.321 mmol/L versus 2.364; p<0.001) and in users of oral contraceptives versus non-users (2.304 versus 2.348; p<0.001). They were higher in peri-/postmenopausal versus premenopausal women (2.357 versus 2.319; p<0.001). Overweight and obese women had higher mean calcium concentrations (2.350 and 2.355) than women with body mass index between 20 and 25 (2.342; p<0.001). Serum calcium concentrations were higher in spring and autumn than in winter (2.352 and 2.353 versus 2.343; p = 0.002). Both younger (40-45 years) (2.334; p = 0.001) and older age groups (>55 years) (2.363; p<0.001) had higher mean calcium concentrations compared to those of women aged 45-50 years (2.320), even when adjusting for menopausal status, suggesting that age has an independent influence on calcium concentrations. Conclusions. It is concluded that reproductive factors such as menopausal status, use of oral contraceptives or hormone-replacement therapy, and age, BMI and season are associated with serum calcium concentrations.
  • Almqvist, Erik G., et al. (författare)
  • Factors influencing insulin sensitivity in patients with mild primary hyperparathyroidism before and after parathyroidectomy
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - Informa Healthcare. - 1502-7686. ; 72:2, s. 92-99
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with cardiovascular disease. The aims of this study were to investigate lipid and glucose metabolism in mild PHPT, and to identify whether insulin sensitivity correlates with circulating levels of adiponectin, SHBG, and osteocalcin before and after parathyroidectomy (PTX). Materials and methods. Forty-five patients with PHPT were examined before and 1 year after PTX. Circulating levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, insulin, glucose, adiponectin, SHBG, osteocalcin, and erythropoietin were measured. Results. At baseline, the mean serum levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides were above the upper reference limit or in the upper normal range, and insulin sensitivity was reduced as assessed using the HOMA index. One year after parathyroidectomy, serum lipids as well as HOMA index and erythropoietin were unchanged while adiponectin had increased (p < 0.05), and SHBG and osteocalcin had decreased (p < 0.05 and p < 0.0001, respectively). HOMA index correlated negatively with circulating levels of adiponectin, SHBG and osteocalcin. In multiple regression analysis SHBG was the most important predictor of insulin sensitivity, both pre- and postoperatively. Conclusion. Untreated mild PHPT is associated with a moderate derangement of lipid and glucose metabolism. As previously shown in population-based cohorts, insulin sensitivity is positively associated with circulating concentrations of adiponectin, SHBG and osteocalcin. One year after PTX, the mean level of adiponectin was increased, but the levels of SHBG and osteocalcin had decreased and the levels of serum lipids and the insulin sensitivity remained unchanged as compared with baseline.
  • Almqvist, E G, et al. (författare)
  • Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to different tests in type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - Informa Healthcare. - 1502-7686. ; 61:7, s. 557-565
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different tests of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) reserve are influenced by diabetic state and metabolic control in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetic patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: We evaluated the ACTH reserve in 10 patients with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes during periods of poor and improved metabolic control and in 10 healthy subjects. The ACTH-cortisol secretion was assessed by a diurnal profile, an intravenous corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) test and an insulin tolerance test (ITT). RESULTS: The diurnal profiles were similar in all groups. CRH resulted in a diminished ACTH response during poor compared with improved metabolic control (mean+/-SD) (AUC 4950+/-4227 vs. 5847+/-3788 ng/L min, p<0.05). The response in the diabetic patients during improved metabolic control was of the same magnitude as in the control subjects (5934+/-1778 ng/L x min). ITT elicited a similar ACTH and cortisol response in the diabetic patients during poor and improved metabolic control as in the healthy control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The ITT was uninfluenced by diabetic state and metabolic control and should therefore be considered the method of choice in evaluation of the ACTH reserve in patients with type 1 diabetes.
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