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Sökning: L773:1678 4227

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  • Kouyoumdjian, João Aris, et al. (författare)
  • Concentric needle single fiber electromyography : Normative jitter values on voluntary activated Extensor Digitorum Communis
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. - 0004-282X .- 1678-4227. ; 65:2B, s. 446-449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Single fiber electromyography (SFEMG) is the most sensitive clinical neurophysiological test for neuromuscular junction disorders, particularly myasthenia gravis. Normal values for jitter obtained with SFEMG electrode have been published, but there are few publications for concentric needle electrode (CNE). The aim of this study was to discuss the possibilities to analyse the jitter in CNE recordings and to get normal values of jitter for voluntary activated Extensor Digitorum Communis using disposable CNE. Fifty normal subjects were studied, 16 male and 34 female with a mean age of 37.1±10.3 years (19-55). The jitter values of action potentials pairs of isolated muscular fibers were expressed as the mean consecutive difference (MCD) after 20 analysed potential pairs. The mean MCD (n=50) obtained was 24.2±2.8 µs (range of mean values in each subject was 18-31). Upper 95% confidence limit is 29.8 µs. The mean jitter of all potential pairs (n=1000) obtained was 24.07±7.30 µs (range 9-57). A practical upper limit for individual data is set to 46 µs. The mean interpotential interval (MIPI) was 779±177 µs (range of individual mean values was 530-1412); there were no potentials with impulse blocking. The present study confirms that CNE is suitable for jitter analysis although certain precautions must be mentioned. Our findings of jitter values with CNE were similar to some other few reports in literature.
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  • Kouyoumdjian, Joao Aris, et al. (författare)
  • Stimulated jitter with concentric needle in 42 myasthenia gravis patients
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. - 0004-282X .- 1678-4227. ; 71:4, s. 237-243
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To estimate jitter parameters in myasthenia gravis in stimulated frontalis and extensor digitorum muscles using the concentric needle electrode. Methods: Forty-two confirmed myasthenia gravis patients, being 22 males (aged 45.6 +/- 17.2 years-old) were studied. Jitter was expressed as the mean consecutive difference (MCD). Results: MCD in extensor digitorum was 61.6 mu s (abnormal in 85.7%) and in frontalis 57.3 mu s (abnormal in 88.1%). Outliers represented 90.5% for extensor digitorum and 88.1% for frontalis. At least one jitter parameter was abnormal in 90.5% of the combined studies. Acetylcholine receptor antibody was abnormal in 85.7% of the cases. Conclusions: Stimulated jitter recordings measured from muscles using concentric needle electrode can be used for myasthenia gravis diagnosis with high sensitivity. Extensive normative studies are still lacking and, therefore, borderline findings should be judged with great caution.
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10.
  • Maranhão-Filho, Péricles, et al. (författare)
  • Robert Barany, a scientist with many interests
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. - 0004-282X .- 1678-4227. ; 77:5, s. 366-368
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Austrian-born Robert Barany was a scientist with many interests. This article highlights some of these interests and also some personal traits. He enrolled as a surgeon in World War I, was captured by the Russians in 1915 and, while still in the prison camp, was awarded the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work in otology. In 1916, he accepted an offer from Uppsala University, Sweden, and worked there for almost 20 years. He died shortly before his 60th birthday, in 1936.
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