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Sökning: L773:1754 9981

  • Resultat 1-10 av 28
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1.
  • Agnafors, Marcus (författare)
  • A Critical Comment on Collste
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - Oxford University Press. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 4:2, s. 203-205
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>This article claims that the account of specification as a way to solve conflicts between rights, suggested by Göran Collste, is unsatisfactory. It is argued that specification is not a solution on its own, but is better described as a remedy in response to a political failure.</p>
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2.
  • Barton, Adrien (författare)
  • How Tobacco Health Warnings Can Foster Autonomy
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 6:2, s. 207-219
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>I investigate whether tobacco health warnings' interference with autonomy is ethically justifiable in order to deter people from smoking. I dissociate first the informational role and the persuasive role of tobacco health warnings and show that both roles enable typical addicted smokers to better rule themselves, fostering their autonomy. The fact that some messages address people's non-deliberative faculties is therefore compensated by a larger positive influence on their autonomy. However, misleading messages are not ethically justified and should be avoided. Tobacco health warnings' effect on autonomy highlights an important difference between libertarian paternalism and classical paternalism.</p>
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3.
  • Brännmark, Johan (författare)
  • On the Epistemic Legitimacy of Government Paternalism
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - Oxford University Press. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 11:1, s. 27-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Some contemporary paternalists argue in favor of government interventions based on how experimental psychologists and behavioral economists have found that our behavior often diverges from what would be predicted by rational-choice models. In this article it is argued that these findings can, more specifically, be used to identify decisional trouble spots where paternalist interventions may be legitimate. It is further argued that since the epistemic legitimacy of government paternalism ultimately rests on centralized decision-making having a comparative advantage, it also depends on the possibility of such interventions being governed by an ideal of evidence-based policy-making. The article asks how stringently this requirement should be understood, and to what extent government can legitimately engage in what might be called experimental policy-making of a paternalistic character.</p>
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4.
  • Collste, Göran, 1950- (författare)
  • A Reply to Agnafors
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 4:3, s. 303-304
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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6.
  • Forsberg, Joanna Stjernschantz (författare)
  • Comments on the Role of Consent and Individual Autonomy in the PIP Breast Implant Scandal
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 6:2, s. 223-226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>The featured case discussion on the role of consent and individual autonomy in the PIP breast implant scandal raises interesting and important questions regarding the right of patients (and individuals in general) to decide whether to have their personal data included in medical registries and used for research. The fate of the National Breast Implant Registry, following the introduction of a policy that demanded formally recorded informed consent, is particularly enlightening. Combined with the (ex post) fact that reliable and comprehensive data would have been useful in this specific case, it clearly illustrates the dangers of overemphasizing individual autonomy in observational research. The issue is timely, as the European Commission has recently proposed a new Data Protection Regulation (European Commission, 2012) that may have serious implications for registry based research. In this commentary, I will first discuss two aspects of the regulatory framework that arguably contribute to the problematic situation and then offer an alternative view on why requiring consent should not be the default position in this kind of research.</p>
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7.
  • Forsemalm, Joakim, 1973- (författare)
  • Consolidated Youth Jury: Alcohol Prevention for Young People from Matters of Fact to Matters of Concern. A Swedish Case Report
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 7:1, s. 17-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the course of a project on European policy on media and alcohol, a series of structured deliberative discussion sessions with young people (aged 13–25 years) in Sweden were arranged, where young people could communicate and exchange ideas about risks and policy issues connected to alcohol consumption and drinking, as presented in fictional media. The objective was to understand how risks and knowledge about alcohol consumption is acquired by young people and ‘uploaded’ to peers. The discussion sessions applied adapted variants of the Youth Jury approach developed to facilitate the communication of ideas for guidelines and policies stemming from young people’s own perceptions about alcohol and media consumption. When ordinary ‘matters of fact’ information about drinking and alcohol fail to engage young people of today (even if it is understood), using humor, horror and shock seems a justified way in Sweden to get the desired reaction. Many of the jury participants themselves thought so. Social network has become an important way of communication also for temperance nongovernmental organizations and public initiatives, in particular with regard to nudging through emotional engagement and attempting to inspire further ‘peer-to-peer’ communication of this type, as young people ‘click-to-connect’.
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9.
  • Grill, Kalle, 1976- (författare)
  • Liberalism, Altruism and Group Consent
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - Oxford : Oxford Journals. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 2:2, s. 146-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This article first describes a dilemma for liberalism: On the one hand restricting their own options is an important means for groups of people to shape their lives. On the other hand, group members are typically divided over whether or not to accept option-restricting solutions or policies. Should we restrict the options of all members of a group even though some consent and some do not? This dilemma is particularly relevant to public health policy, which typically target groups of people with no possibility for individuals to opt out. The article then goes on to propose and discuss a series of aggregation rules for individual into group consent. Consideration of a number of scenarios shows that such rules cannot be formulated only in terms of fractions of consenters and non-consenters, but must incorporate their motives and how much they stand to win or lose. This raises further questions, including what is the appropriate impact of altruistic consenters and non-consenters, what should be the impact of costs and benefits and whether these should be understood as gross or net. All these issues are dealt with in a liberal, anti-paternalistic spirit, in order to explore whether group consent can contribute to the justification of option-restricting public health policy.</p>
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10.
  • Grill, Kalle, 1976- (författare)
  • Liberalism, Altruism and Group Consent
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Public Health Ethics. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - 1754-9973 .- 1754-9981. ; 2:2, s. 146-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This article first describes a dilemma for liberalism: On the one hand restricting their own options is an important means for groups of people to shape their lives. On the other hand, group members are typically divided over whether or not to accept option-restricting solutions or policies. Should we restrict the options of all members of a group even though some consent and some do not? This dilemma is particularly relevant to public health policy, which typically target groups of people with no possibility for individuals to opt out. The article then goes on to propose and discuss a series of aggregation rules for individual into group consent. Consideration of a number of scenarios shows that such rules cannot be formulated only in terms of fractions of consenters and non-consenters, but must incorporate their motives and how much they stand to win or lose. This raises further questions, including what is the appropriate impact of altruistic consenters and non-consenters, what should be the impact of costs and benefits and whether these should be understood as gross or net. All these issues are dealt with in a liberal, anti-paternalistic spirit, in order to explore whether group consent can contribute to the justification of option- restricting public health policy.</p>
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