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  • Lodefalk, Magnus, 1969- (författare)
  • Servicification of manufacturing : evidence from Sweden
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Economics and Business Research. - 1756-9850 .- 1756-9869. ; 6:1, s. 87-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There are signs that manufacturing is becoming increasingly focused on services; this process is known as servicification. Despite suggestive evidence, large gaps remain in our knowledge regarding this process. This paper contributes to closing these gaps by discussing the phenomenon, arriving at some conjectures and examining them empirically. Comprehensive datasets at both the firm and enterprise group level are developed for Sweden. Changes in manufacturing during the period from 1997 to 2006 are analysed in depth. The results show that manufacturing has been servicifying substantially. On the input side, services and qualified services are increasingly characteristic of in-house activity. On the output side, manufacturing has been accounting for an increasing share of services in total sales and exports. Moreover, we show that diversification is much greater (almost 60% higher) when all activities in the manufacturing industry’s constituent enterprise groups are considered. The results imply that the practice of treating services and manufacturing separately – e.g., in trade policymaking – may be out-of-date. Finally, the findings illustrate the value of enterprise group-level data when studying structural economic changes.
  • McKelvey, Maureen, et al. (författare)
  • An evolutionary model of science policy : Routines and the growth of knowledge in policy-making organisations
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Economics and Business Research. - Milton Keynes : InderScience Publishers. - 1756-9850 .- 1756-9869. ; 14:3-4, s. 298-311
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper proposes an evolutionary model of science policy. The paper draws upon evolutionary economics and associated applications to theory of the firm on routines and the role of knowledge in decision-making. This strand of literature is called the growth of knowledge perspective, because routines are assumed to embody useful knowledge about problems to be solved and potential solutions to them. This paper develops a conceptual model, based upon this literature and Campbell’s evolutionary epistemology. The paper proposes that the equivalent of firm routines is, in the science policy context, public policy alternatives such as policy instruments. Moreover, the paper develops notions of science policy fields, and puts them in an evolutionary model in order to understand the creation of variety, retention and selection amongst policy alternatives. © 2017 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
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