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Sökning: L773:1862 3514

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1.
  • Bångsbo, Angela, et al. (författare)
  • Professional views on patient education in osteoporosis
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Archives of Osteoporosis. - : Springer UK. - 1862-3522 .- 1862-3514. ; 5:1-2, s. 101-110
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Summary The aim of this study was to investigate patient education in osteoporosis, with a consensus-building Delphi survey. The results showed that the purposes of osteoporosis schools are to reduce the risk of falling, facilitate empowerment, increase levels of function and activity and teach participants to master or reduce pain. Introduction According to the World Health Organization, osteoporosis is a major health problem. The morbidity is caused by fractures associated with pain and decreased physical function, social function and well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate and reach consensus about how so-called osteoporosis schools are run by professionals in Sweden with a focus on intervention and evaluation. Method The study design was a consensus-building, threeround Delphi survey. Questionnaires were sent by web and post to an expert panel comprising 15 nurses, occupational therapists and physiotherapists. In round 1, they were asked to write descriptions within the frame of eight domains related to intervention and evaluation. In the second and third rounds, the Delphi panel was asked to mark on a Likert scale the importance of 40 statements within these domains. Results The answers showed that the purposes of osteoporosis schools are to reduce the risk of falling, facilitate empowerment, increase levels of function and activity and teach participants to master or reduce pain. The schools comprise theoretical elements as well as practical exercises. Patients with fractures related to osteoporosis are offered participation. There is a lack of a theoretical basis, as well as of evidence, for present treatment models. Evaluation ought to be done systematically, and for this purpose, different questionnaires are used. Experts assert that evaluations show that patients gain increased activity levels, function, knowledge about osteoporosis, empowerment and pain reduction. Conclusions Consensus was reached in 29 of 40 items.
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2.
  • Jonsson, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Swedish osteoporosis care
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: ARCHIVES OF OSTEOPOROSIS. - 1862-3522 .- 1862-3514. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mini-abstract The objective of this study was to review and describe the current state of Swedish osteoporosis care and to highlight ongoing challenges. This report encompasses quantitative health outcomes based on Swedish registry data as well as organizational and management aspects. Executive summary Swedish osteoporosis care is characterized by a significant burden of disease, difficulties in identifying high-risk patients, and fragmented pathways for patients in need of secondary fracture prevention. This report aimed to describe the current state, gaps, and challenges in Swedish osteoporosis care, using Swedish national databases, questionnaires, and interviews with healthcare representatives. A secondary aim was to develop quality and process measures to compare differences between counties and to use those measures to describe the interaction between quantitative health outcomes and aspects of care organization and management. In conjunction with fractures, a considerably smaller proportion of men are treated than women, and a smaller proportion of older women are treated compared to younger groups. Between 3 and 16 % of patients receive treatment after a fracture, and the treatment rate in this patient group can likely increase. In addition to an unsatisfactory treatment rate, a limited number of those treated continue treatment throughout the recommended treatment durations, leading to increased risk of fracture. With a substantial variation between counties, there is a clear difficulty to identify non-persistent patients and switch to an alternative treatment. Collaboration around the patient across specialties has been lacking, and systems for secondary prevention have been concentrated to a few counties. However, when this study was conducted, there was a general trend towards implementing regional care programs. This report suggests possible strategies for improving quality of care and, hopefully, it can provide a basis for future evaluations and regional improvement of osteoporosis care in Sweden and other countries.
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3.
  • Kaijser Alin, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of treatment on back pain and back extensor strength with a spinal orthosis in older women with osteoporosis: a randomized controlled trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: ARCHIVES OF OSTEOPOROSIS. - : SPRINGER LONDON LTD. - 1862-3522 .- 1862-3514. ; 14:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The treatment effect of an activating spinal orthosis on back pain and back extensor strength was compared to a training group and to a control group. Between the groups, there was no significant difference in back pain, back extensor strength, or kyphosis index after the 6months of treatment.PurposeThe aim of this study was to study the effect of treatment with an activating spinal orthosis on back pain, back extensor strength, and kyphotic index. Our hypothesis was that an activating spinal orthosis may be an alternative treatment to decrease back pain and increase back extensor strength.MethodsA total of 113 women aged 60years with back pain and osteoporosis, with or without vertebral fractures, were randomized to three groups: a spinal orthosis group, an equipment training group, and a control group. All three groups were examined at baseline and followed up after 3 and 6months. Statistical analyses were performed with a mixed model for repeated measures according to intention to treat (ITT) and per protocol (PP).ResultsA total of 96 women completed the study. Between the groups, there was no significant difference in baseline characteristics. Comparison between groups showed no significant difference in back pain, back extensor strength, or kyphosis index at the follow-up after 6months according to ITT and PP analyses. Analysis in each group showed that the back extensor strength had increased by 26.9% in the spinal orthosis group, by 22.1% in the exercise training group and by 9.9% in the control group.ConclusionsSix months treatment by an activating spinal orthosis showed no significant difference in back pain, back extensor strength, or kyphosis index between the three groups. In the spinal orthosis group, present back pain decreased slightly and back extensor strength increased by 26.9% which indicates that the spinal orthosis may become an alternative training method.Clinicaltrials.com ID: NCT03263585
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4.
  • Kaijser Alin, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Experiences of using an activating spinal orthosis in women with osteoporosis and back pain in primary care
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ARCHIVES OF OSTEOPOROSIS. - : SPRINGER LONDON LTD. - 1862-3522 .- 1862-3514. ; 15:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Women with osteoporosis and back pain took part in focus group interviews and described their experiences of using and handling an activating spinal orthosis. The women described the back orthosis as being like a "close friend", a support in everyday life and a reminder to maintain a good posture. Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe and gain a deeper understanding of the views of older women with osteoporosis and back pain seeking primary care regarding their use and handling of an activating spinal orthosis. Method We chose a qualitative method whereby information was gathered via focus group interviews and analysed using inductive content analysis. Women who previously participated in a randomised controlled trial and wore an activating spinal orthosis for 6 months were asked. Out of 31 women, 18 agreed to participate. Five focus group interviews were conducted. Results The analysis resulted in an overall theme in which the experiences of wearing the spinal orthosis were described as follows: "A well-adapted spinal orthosis could develop into a long-lasting friendship that provided support and help in daily life". The overall theme was based on three main categories: impact on daily life, individual adaptation and personal relationship. The main categories were well differentiated from each other but had an interdependency. All three categories involved cases in which the spinal orthosis was perceived as relieving symptoms and making daily life easier, as well as when it was perceived as being hard to manage and provided no symptom relief. Conclusion In older women with osteoporosis and back pain, an activating spinal orthosis could be perceived as being a "close friend" and a support in everyday life. To facilitate acceptance of the spinal orthosis, it was important for it to be well adapted and for follow-ups to be carried out regularly.
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5.
  • Lauppe, Rosa, et al. (författare)
  • Differing impact of clinical factors on the risk of fracture in younger and older women in the general population and an osteoporosis clinic population
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Archives of Osteoporosis. - : Springer. - 1862-3522 .- 1862-3514. ; 14:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Summary: This study assesses the impact of risk factors for fracture in women aged 80+ and 60–79. The results suggest that risk assessment which fits younger women may not be suited for the 80+ strata as many common risk factors are less predictive in the older compared to the younger cohort. Purpose: This study assesses whether the impact of classical risk factors for fracture due to osteoporosis is different in women aged 80+ and women aged 60–79. Since most prior research on the contribution of risk factors is based on patients below 80 years of age, this study aims to fill this knowledge gap to increase the accuracy of risk assessment in the oldest old. Methods: Retrospective, observational cohort study using Swedish national health register data and BMD data from osteoporosis clinics. Women aged at least 60 were identified from a random sample of the general population and from the BMD databases and allocated to two populations representing patients at different stages of risk assessment. The relative impact of risk factors on fracture risk was assessed using multivariate competing risk regression with fracture as outcome and death as competing event. Results: A total of 163,329 women were included from the general population (52,499 aged 80+) and 22,378 from the BMD databases (4563 aged 80+). The clinical risk factors with relatively highest effect on fracture risk in the older patients were prior fracture and hip T-score below − 2.5 SD. Other included risk factors showed lower impact in the older compared to the younger strata. Conclusions: This study confirms our understanding of the key risk factors for fracture: age, prior fracture, and a low T-score. Regarding remaining risk factors, risk assessment which fits younger women may not be suited for the 80+ strata as many common risk factors are less predictive in the older compared to the younger cohort.
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7.
  • Borgström, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Fragility fractures in Europe: burden, management and opportunities.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Archives of osteoporosis. - 1862-3514. ; 15:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This report provides an overview and a comparison of the burden and management of fragility fractures in the largest five countries of the European Union plus Sweden (EU6). In 2017, new fragility fractures in the EU6 are estimated at 2.7 million with an associated annual cost of €37.5 billion and a loss of 1.0 million quality-adjusted life years.Osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone mass and strength, which increases the risk of fragility fractures, which in turn, represent the main consequence of the disease. This report provides an overview and a comparison of the burden and management of fragility fractures in the largest five EU countries and Sweden (designated the EU6).A series of metrics describing the burden and management of fragility fractures were defined by a scientific steering committee. A working group performed the data collection and analysis. Data were collected from current literature, available retrospective data and public sources. Different methods were applied (e.g. standard statistics and health economic modelling), where appropriate, to perform the analysis for each metric.Total fragility fractures in the EU6 are estimated to increase from 2.7 million in 2017 to 3.3 million in 2030; a 23% increase. The resulting annual fracture-related costs (€37.5 billion in 2017) are expected to increase by 27%. An estimated 1.0 million quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were lost in 2017 due to fragility fractures. The current disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per 1000 individuals age 50 years or more were estimated at 21 years, which is higher than the estimates for stroke or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The treatment gap (percentage of eligible individuals not receiving treatment with osteoporosis drugs) in the EU6 is estimated to be 73% for women and 63% for men; an increase of 17% since 2010. If all patients who fracture in the EU6 were enrolled into fracture liaison services, at least 19,000 fractures every year might be avoided.Fracture-related burden is expected to increase over the coming decades. Given the substantial treatment gap and proven cost-effectiveness of fracture prevention schemes such as fracture liaison services, urgent action is needed to ensure that all individuals at high risk of fragility fracture are appropriately assessed and treated.
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10.
  • Demeke, Taye, et al. (författare)
  • Lower bone mineral density in Somali women living in Sweden compared with African-Americans.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Archives of osteoporosis. - 1862-3514. ; 10:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vitamin D deficiency can lead to osteomalacia. Bone mineral density was lower in Somali women, living in Sweden, in relation to both the American and the African-American reference populations. The majority, 73 %, had vitamin D deficiency, and supplementation should be considered to prevent from osteomalacia, osteoporosis and future fractures.Low vitamin D can lead to osteomalacia. The hypothesis was that bone mineral density (BMD) in Somali women living in Sweden was lower in comparison with different ethnic reference populations.Women from Somalia, n = 67, median age 35.8 years (range 18 to 56), latitude 0-10° North living in Gothenburg, Sweden, latitude 57° North, >2 years were studied. All wore traditional Islamic clothing and had skin photo type V. BMD was recorded as the Z-score and compared with white American and African-American women, respectively, using standard data from the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) manufacturer (Lunar Prodigy enCORETM, GE Healthcare, LU44663). A fasting blood test was drawn for analysis of serum 25(OH)D.The median Z-score compared with the American white population was -0.9 SD of the lumbar spine (p < 0.00001), 0.1 SD of the left hip and 0.0 SD of the right hip (ns). The median Z-score compared with the African-American population was -1.6 SD of the lumbar spine (p < 0.00001), -0.9 SD of the left hip and -0.9 SD of the right hip (p < 0.001). The majority, 73 %, had vitamin D deficiency, serum 25(OH)D <25 nmol/l (<10 ng/ml). BMD did not correlate to vitamin D levels or to the number of years in Sweden. One wrist fracture was reported.BMD was lower in these fairly young immigrant women from Somalia, living in Sweden, in relation to both the American and the African-American reference populations. Vitamin D supplementation should be considered to prevent from osteomalacia, osteoporosis and future fractures.
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