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  • Andreasson, Ulrika, et al. (författare)
  • B cell lymphomas express CX(3)CR1 a non-B cell lineage adhesion molecule.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 1872-7980 .- 0304-3835. ; 259:2, s. 138-145
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To study the differential expression of cell membrane-bound receptors and their potential role in growth and/or survival of the tumor cells, highly purified follicular lymphoma cells were analyzed, using gene expression analysis, and compared to non-malignant B cell populations. Filtering the genome for overexpressed genes coding for cell membrane-bound proteins/receptors resulted in a hit list of 27 identified genes. Among these, we have focused on the aberrant over expression of CX(3)CR1, in different types of B cell lymphoma, as compared to non-malignant B cells. We show that CX(3)CR1, which normally is not expressed on B cells, is expressed both at the mRNA and protein level in several subtypes of lymphoma. CX(3)CR1 has also shown to be involved in the homing to specific tissues that express the ligand, CX(3)CL1, in breast and prostate cancer and may thus be involved in dissemination of lymphoma.
  • Balassiano, Karen, et al. (författare)
  • Aberrant DNA methylation of cancer-associated genes in gastric cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-EURGAST)
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 1872-7980 .- 0304-3835. ; 311:1, s. 85-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Epigenetic events have emerged as key mechanisms in the regulation of critical biological processes and in the development of a wide variety of human malignancies, including gastric cancer (GC), however precise gene targets of aberrant DNA methylation in GC remain largely unknown. Here, we have combined pyrosequencing-based quantitative analysis of DNA methylation in 98 GC cases and 64 controls nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort and in cancer tissue and non-tumorigenic adjacent tissue of an independent series of GC samples. A panel of 10 cancer-associated genes (CHRNA3, DOK1, MGMT, RASSF1A, p14ARF, CDH1, MLH1, ALDH2, GNMT and MTHFR) and LINE-1 repetitive elements were included in the analysis and their association with clinicopathological characteristics (sex, age at diagnosis, anatomical sub-site, histological sub-type) was examined. Three out of the 10 genes analyzed exhibited a marked hypermethylation, whereas two genes (ALDH2 and MTHFR) showed significant hypomethylation, in gastric tumors. Among differentially methylated genes, we identified new genes (CHRNA3 and DOK1) as targets of aberrant hypermethylation in GC, suggesting that epigenetic deregulation of these genes and their corresponding cellular pathways may promote the development and progression of GC. We also found that global demethylation of tumor cell genomes occurs in GC, consistent with the notion that abnormal hypermethylation of specific genes occurs concomitantly with genome-wide hypomethylation. Age and gender had no significant influence on methylation states, but an association was observed between LINE-1 and MLH1 methylation levels with histological subtype and anatomical sub-site. This study identifies aberrant methylation patters in specific genes in GC thus providing information that could be exploited as novel biomarkers in clinics and molecular epidemiology of GC. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Batra, Satish, et al. (författare)
  • Release of intracellular calcium and stimulation of cell growth by ATP and histamine in human ovarian cancer cells (SKOV-3)
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 1872-7980. ; 77:1, s. 57-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effects of ATP and histamine on cell proliferation and intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) were examined in the human ovarian cancer cell line SKOV-3. Micromolar concentrations of ATP induced a biphasic increase in [Ca2+]i representing a rapid rise to a peak level followed by a smaller but more sustained phase. When influx of extracellular calcium was blocked by calcium chelation to EGTA, the ATP-stimulated rise in [Ca2+]i was rapid and only monophasic. Histamine, in contrast to ATP, caused only a monophasic rise in [Ca2+]i both in the presence and absence of external calcium. The histaminergic H1 receptor antagonist pyrilamine, but not the H2 receptor antagonist cimetidine, totally blocked rises in [Ca2+]i caused by histamine. Fetal calf serum (FCS) induced a slow and monophasic increase in [Ca2+]i in these cells, distinctly different from rises in [Ca2+]i caused by ATP and histamine. Inclusion of low micromolar concentrations of ATP in the growth medium stimulated proliferation of these cells, while higher concentrations (100 microM-1 mM) significantly decreased cellular proliferation. Histamine, in micromolar concentrations, also stimulated cell proliferation. From these results it was concluded that the release of intracellularly bound Ca2+ following receptor stimulation is sufficient to induce cellular proliferation in SKOV-3 cells.
  • Berndt, Carsten, et al. (författare)
  • Ascorbate and endocytosed Motexafin gadolinium induce lysosomal rupture.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - 0304-3835 .- 1872-7980. ; 307:2, s. 119-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Motexafin gadolinium (MGd) sensitizes malignant cells to ionizing radiation, although the underlying mechanisms for uptake and sensitization are both unclear. Here we show that MGd is endocytosed by the clathrin-dependent pathway with ensuing lysosomal membrane permeabilization, most likely via formation of reactive oxygen species involving redox-active metabolites, such as ascorbate. We propose that subsequent apoptosis is a synergistic effect of irradiation and high MGd concentrations in malignant cells due to their pronounced endocytic activity. The results provide novel insights into the mode of action of this promising anti-cancer drug, which is currently under clinical trials.
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