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Sökning: L773:2472 1972

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1.
  • Ternström, Lisa, 1972, et al. (författare)
  • Plasma activity of individual coagulation factors, hemodilution and blood loss after cardiac surgery: a prospective observational study.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis research. - 1879-2472. ; 126:2, s. e128-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Hemodilution and consumption of coagulation factors during cardiopulmonary bypass has been suggested to contribute to bleeding complications after cardiac surgery. The aim was to describe the activity of individual coagulation factors after CABG in relation to hemodilution and postoperative bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma concentrations of fibrinogen and plasma activity of FII, FV, FVII, FVIII, FIX, FX, FXI and FXIII adjusted for hemodilution were analysed in 57 CABG patients before, and 2h and 24h after surgery. Postoperative bleeding was registered and correlations to coagulation factor activity were calculated. RESULTS: Adjusted plasma concentration of fibrinogen (-14+/-6%), and plasma activity of FII (-9+/-6%), FV (-13+/-8%), FX (-13+/-7%) and FXIII (-9+/-14%) were reduced two hours after surgery compared to baseline (all p<0.001). FVII (+3+/-12%, p=0.34) and FXI (+1+/-19%, p=0.50) were unchanged, while FVIII (+23+/-44%, p=0.006) and FIX (+23+/-17%, p<0.001) increased. Twenty-four hours after surgery fibrinogen (+45+/-27%), FVIII (+93+/-66%) and FIX (+33+/-26%) were all increased (all p<0.001), while FVII (-37+/-14%, p<0.001), FXI (-4+/-18%, p=0.02) and FXIII (-6+/-15%, p=0.004) were decreased. Median postoperative blood loss was 380 ml/12h. There were significant inverse correlations between postoperative blood loss and fibrinogen concentration 2h after surgery (r=-0.33, p=0.019) and between postoperative blood loss and pre- and postoperative FXIII activity (r=-0.34, p=0.009 and r=-0.41, p=0.003, respectively), but not between blood loss and any of the other factors. CONCLUSIONS: There is a marked dissociation in plasma activity of individual coagulation factors after CABG. Plasma concentration of fibrinogen and factor XIII activity correlates inversely to postoperative blood loss after CABG.
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2.
  • Wennberg, Patrik, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Haemostatic and inflammatory markers are independently associated with a first-ever myocardial infarction in men and women
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis Research. - 0049-3848 .- 1879-2472. ; 129:1, s. 68-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Previous studies have shown that plasma levels of haemostatic and inflammatory markers are associated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). As haemostatic markers are also acute-phase reactants, it is not clear if their association with CHD is independent of inflammatory markers and established cardiovascular risk factors.Materials and Methods: We used a prospective incident case-control study design nested in two cohorts from Sweden. Baseline measurements of a panel of cardiovascular risk factors and eight established markers of haemostasis or inflammation were assessed in 469 first-ever myocardial infarction (MI) cases and 895 matched controls.Results: After adjustment for baseline values of established risk factors, von Willebrand factor appeared to have the strongest association with MI among the haemostatic markers assayed, with an odds ratio of 2.52 (95% CI, 1.72-3.67) for a comparison of individuals in extreme thirds of baseline levels. For a similar comparison, after adjustment for established risk factors and haemostatic markers, odds ratios for IL-6 and CRP were 1.67 (95% CI, 1.08-2.60) and 1.58 (95% CI, 1.03-2.41), respectively. The relative predictive ability of the individual markers over and above established risk factors was modest according to comparisons of Area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (AUROC) curves. However, when all eight markers were combined in a single model, the AUROC curve was significantly increased to 0.820 (95% CI, 0.795-0.846) compared to 0.762 (95% CI, 0.732-0.791) for established risk factors only.Conclusions: These findings suggest that haemostasis and inflammation have at least partially separate roles in risk of myocardial infarction.
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3.
  • Radulovic, Vladimir, 1969, et al. (författare)
  • Sustained heparin effect contributes to reduced plasma thrombin generation capacity early after cardiac surgery.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis research. - 1879-2472. ; 130:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Thrombin is a key component in the coagulation cascade, and impaired thrombin generation has been linked to increased bleeding after surgical procedures. The aim was to evaluate postoperative thrombin generation capacity in plasma after cardiac surgery, and its potential associations to activity of individual coagulation factors and heparin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight coronary artery bypass grafting patients were included in a prospective observational cohort study. Thrombin generation capacity was analysed in plasma with calibrated automated thrombogram with tissue factor as activator before (baseline), and 2h and 24h after surgery. In addition, plasma activity of coagulation factors II, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XIII, were determined. Heparin effect was assessed by anti-Xa activity, APTT and thrombin time. RESULTS: Thrombin generation was markedly reduced 2h after surgery compared to baseline. Peak levels decreased with median 74% (interquartile range 52-90), p<0.001, and endogenous thrombin generation potential decreased with 65% (43-86), p<0.001. Postoperative changes in endogenous thrombin generation potential correlated inversely to changes in anti-Xa activity (r=-0.51, p=0.010) and to changes in thrombin time (r=-0.51, p=0.009), but there were no correlations to changes in individual coagulation factor activity. CONCLUSIONS: A marked reduction in thrombin generation potential was observed in the early postoperative phase after cardiac surgery. The decrease was independent of reductions in individual coagulation factor activity but correlated to heparin effects. The results indicate that a sustained heparin effect contributes to the postoperative reduction in thrombin generation capacity.
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4.
  • Ahrén, Bo, et al. (författare)
  • The incretin effect in female mice with double deletion of GLP-1 and GIP receptors
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Endocrine Society. - : Oxford University Press. - 2472-1972. ; 4:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To establish the contribution of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) for the incretin effect after oral glucose, studies were undertaken in female mice with genetic deletion of receptors for GIP and GLP-1 (double incretin receptor knockout [DIRKO] mice) and their wild-type (WT) counterparts. Insulin secretion was explored after oral glucose (doses ranging from 0 to 100 mg), after intravenous glucose (doses ranging from 0 to 0.75 g/kg), and after oral and intravenous glucose at matching circulating glucose. DIRKO mice had glucose intolerance after oral glucose challenges in association with impaired beta-cell function. Suprabasal area under the curve for C-peptide (AUCC-peptide) correlated linearly with suprabasal AUCglucose both in WT (r = 0.942, P = .017) and DIRKO mice (r = 0.972, P = .006). The slope of this regression was lower in DIRKO than in WT mice (0.012 ± 0.006 vs 0.031 ± 0.006 nmol C-peptide/mmol glucose, P = .042). In contrast, there was no difference in the insulin response to intravenous glucose between WT and DIRKO mice. Furthermore, oral and intravenous glucose administration at matching glucose levels showed that the augmentation of insulin secretion after oral glucose (the incretin effect) in WT mice (11.8 ± 2.3 nmol/L min) was entirely absent in DIRKO mice (3.3 ± 1.2 nmol/L min). We conclude that GIP and GLP-1 are required for normal glucose tolerance and beta-cell function after oral glucose in mice, that they are the sole incretin hormones after oral glucose at higher dose levels, and that they contribute by 65% to insulin secretion after oral glucose.
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5.
  • Bjorvatn Saevik, Åse, et al. (författare)
  • Potential Transcriptional Biomarkers to Guide Glucocorticoid Replacement in Autoimmune Addison's Disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Endocrine Society. - 2472-1972. ; 5:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundNo reliable biomarkers exist to guide glucocorticoid (GC) replacement treatment in autoimmune Addison’s disease (AAD), leading to overtreatment with alarming and persistent side effects or undertreatment, which could be fatal.ObjectiveTo explore changes in gene expression following different GC replacement doses as a means of identifying candidate transcriptional biomarkers to guide GC replacement in AAD.MethodsStep 1: Global microarray expression analysis on RNA from whole blood before and after intravenous infusion of 100 mg hydrocortisone (HC) in 10 patients with AAD. In 3 of the most highly upregulated genes, we performed real-time PCR (rt-PCR) to compare gene expression levels before and 3, 4, and 6 hours after the HC infusion. Step 2: Rt-PCR to compare expression levels of 93 GC-regulated genes in normal versus very low morning cortisol levels in 27 patients with AAD.ResultsStep 1: Two hours after infusion of 100 mg HC, there was a marked increase in FKBP5, MMP9, and DSIPI expression levels. MMP9 and DSIPI expression levels correlated with serum cortisol. Step 2: Expression levels of CEBPB, DDIT4, FKBP5, DSIPI, and VDR were increased and levels of ADARB1, ARIDB5, and POU2F1 decreased in normal versus very low morning cortisol. Normal serum cortisol levels positively correlated with DSIPI, DDIT4, and FKBP5 expression.ConclusionsWe introduce gene expression as a novel approach to guide GC replacement in AAD. We suggest that gene expression of DSIPI, DDIT4, and FKBP5 are particularly promising candidate biomarkers of GC replacement, followed by MMP9, CEBPB, VDR, ADARB1, ARID5B, and POU2F1.
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7.
  • Buchebner, David, et al. (författare)
  • Longitudinal Assessment of PTH in Community-Dwelling Older Women-Elevations Are Not Associated With Mortality
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Endocrine Pathology. - : Humana Press. - 1046-3976. ; 1:6, s. 615-624
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: In older women, the magnitude of elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) and its consequence is unclear.Objective: To describe normal PTH profiles over time and the association with mortality.Design and Participants: There were 1044 community-dwelling women in the Malmö Osteoporosis Prospective Risk Assessment cohort (OPRA) who attended baseline (age 75 years). Follow-ups were attended by 715 (age 80 years) and 382 (age 85 years).Main Outcome Measures: PTH, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and mortality.Results: At age 75 years, PTH levels for most (n = 877, 88%) were within the normal reference range (NRR) (i.e., <6.9 pmol/L). Longitudinally, between ages 75 and 80 years, PTH increased in 60% of all women (n = 390) but increases of up to 50% above baseline values (64%; n=250) still resulted in PTH levels within the NRR. These women had lower 25OHD levels (74 vs 83 nmol/L, P = 0.001). Only when increases were >50% was PTH elevated beyond the NRR (mean 7.1 ± 3.3). Here, a pronounced decline in eGFR (56 vs 61 mL/min/1.73 m2, P = 0.002) was found, despite no further changes in 25OHD. Extending the observational period until age 85 years gave similar results. Baseline PTH levels above NRR were associated with mortality (hazard ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-1.8; P = 0.007), although not after adjustment for covariates (P = 0.082).Conclusions: Most women remained within normal PTH ranges despite large increases of up to 50%. PTH elevated above normal is not independently associated with mortality; impaired kidney function and low 25OHD status may be more prognostic in the very old.
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8.
  • Dahlqvist, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Pseudoacromegaly : A Differential Diagnostic Problem for Acromegaly With a Genetic Solution
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Endocrine Society. - 2472-1972. ; 1:8, s. 1104-1109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acromegaly is usually not a difficult condition to diagnose once the possibility of this disease has been raised. However, a few conditions present with some aspects of acromegaly or gigantism but without growth hormone (GH) excess. Such cases are described as "pseudoacromegaly" or "acromegaloidism". Here we describe a female patient investigated for GH excess at 10 years of age for tall stature since infancy (height and weight > +3 standard deviations) and typical acromegalic features, including large hands/feet, large jaw, tongue, hoarse deep voice, and headache. Results of radiography of the sella turcica and GH response at an oral glucose tolerance test and insulin-arginine- thyrotrophin-luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone test were normal. Ethinylestradiol and medroxyprogesterone were given for 2 years; this successfully stopped further height increase. Although the patient's growth rate plateaued, coarsening of the facial features and acral enlargement also led to investigations for suspicion of acromegaly at 23 and 36 years of age, both with negative results. On referral at the age of 49 years, she had weight gain, sweating, sleep apnea, headaches, joint pain, and enlarged tongue. Endocrine assessment again showing normal GH axis was followed by genetic testing with a macrocephaly/overgrowth syndrome panel. A denovo mutation in the NSD1 gene (c.6605G>C; p.Cys2202Ser) was demonstrated. Mutations affecting the same cysteine residue have been identified in patients with Sotos syndrome. In summary, Sotos syndrome and other overgrowth syndromes can mimic the clinical manifestations of acromegaly or gigantism. Genetic assessment could be helpful in these cases.
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9.
  • Demeneix, Barbara, et al. (författare)
  • Thresholds and Endocrine Disruptors : An Endocrine Society Policy Perspective
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Endocrine Society. - : Oxford University Press. - 2472-1972. ; 4:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concept of a threshold of adversity in toxicology is neither provable nor disprovable. As such, it is not a scientific question but a theoretical one. Yet, the belief in thresholds has led to traditional ways of interpreting data derived from regulatory guideline studies of the toxicity of chemicals. This includes, for example, the use of standard "uncertainty factors" when a "No Adverse Effect Level" (or similar "benchmark dose") is either observed, or not observed. In the context of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), this approach is demonstrably inappropriate. First, the efficacy of a hormone on different endpoints can vary by several orders of magnitude. This feature of hormone action also applies to EDCs that can interfere with that hormone. For this reason, we argue that the choice of endpoint for use in regulation is critical, but note that guideline studies were not designed with this in mind. Second, the biological events controlled by hormones in development not only change as development proceeds but are different from events controlled by hormones in the adult. Again, guideline endpoints were also not designed with this in mind, especially since the events controlled by hormones can be both temporally and spatially specific. The Endocrine Society has laid out this logic over several years and in several publications. Rather than being extreme views, they represent what is known about hormones and the chemicals that can interfere with them.
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10.
  • Ekstrand, Elise, et al. (författare)
  • Metabolic Effects of Cortisone Acetate vs Hydrocortisone in Patients With Secondary Adrenal Insufficiency.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Endocrine Society. - 2472-1972. ; 4:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pharmacokinetic properties of cortisone acetate (CA) and hydrocortisone (HC) differ because CA needs to be converted into cortisol to become active.This work analyzed the metabolic consequences of switching CA to an equivalent daily dose of HC in patients with secondary adrenal insufficiency (SAI).This was a post hoc analysis from a prospective study including individuals with hypopituitarism receiving growth hormone replacement. Data were collected before and after a switch from CA to an equivalent dose of HC (switch group). Two control groups were included: patients continuing CA replacement (CA control group) and adrenal-sufficient hypopituitary patients (AS control group).The analysis included 229 patients: 105, 31, and 93 in the switch, CA control, and AS control groups, respectively. After the change from CA to HC, increases in mean body weight (1.2 kg; P < .05), waist circumference (2.9 cm; P < .001), body fat measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (1.3 kg; P < .001), and glycated hemoglobin (0.3%; P < .05) were recorded in the switch group. The increase in mean waist circumference was greater than in the AS control group (0.9 cm; P < .05). Mean body fat increased in the switch group but not in the CA control group (-0.7 kg; P < .05).A switch from CA to an equivalent dose of HC was associated with a worsened metabolic profile, suggesting that HC has a more powerful metabolic action than CA based on the assumption that 20 mg HC equals 25 mg CA.
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