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Sökning: L773:2666 6375 OR L773:2666 6367

  • Resultat 1-9 av 9
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1.
  • Bejanyan, Nelli, et al. (författare)
  • Myeloablative Conditioning for Allogeneic Transplantation Results in Superior Disease-Free Survival for Acute Myelogenous Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndromes with Low/Intermediate but not High Disease Risk Index : A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 2666-6375 .- 2666-6367. ; 27:1, s. 68.e1-68.e9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Compared with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC), myeloablative conditioning (MAC) is generally associated with lower relapse risk after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). However, disease-specific risk factors in AML/MDS can further inform when MAC and RIC may yield differential outcomes. We analyzed HCT outcomes stratified by the Disease Risk Index (DRI) in 4387 adults (age 40 to 65 years) to identify the impact of conditioning intensity. In the low/ intermediate-risk DRI cohort, RIC was associated with lower nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (hazard ratio [HR],.74; 95% confidence interval [CI],.62 to.88; P <.001) but significantly greater relapse risk (HR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.35 to 1.76; P <.001) and thus inferior disease-free survival (DFS) (HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.33; P =.001). In the high/ very high-risk DRI cohort, RIC was associated with marginally lower NRM (HR,.83; 95% CI,.68 to 1.00; P =.051) and significantly higher relapse risk (HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.08 to 1.41; P =.002), leading to similar DFS using either RIC or MAC. These data support MAC over RIC as the preferred conditioning intensity for patients with AML/MDS with low/intermediate-risk DRI, but with a similar benefit as RIC in high/very high-risk DRI. Novel MAC regimens with less toxicity could benefit all patients, but more potent antineoplastic approaches are needed for the high/ very-high risk DRI group.
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  • Cornell, Robert F., et al. (författare)
  • Bortezomib-Based Induction Is Associated with Superior Outcomes in Light Chain Amyloidosis Patients Treated with Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Regardless of Plasma Cell Burden
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. - 2666-6375 .- 2666-6367. ; 27:3, s. 264.e1-264.e7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The benefits of pre-transplant induction chemotherapy in light chain (AL) amyloidosis, a low burden plasma cell (PC) neoplasm associated with multiorgan dysfunction, is debatable, although with the availability of bortezomib, this approach is being increasingly pursued. We analyzed the outcomes of AL amyloidosis patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic cell transplant between 2014 and 2018 that were reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database. Of 440 patients, 294 received bortezomib-based induction, and 146 received no induction. Patients receiving induction had greater PC burden compared to no induction (PC 10% or more, 39% versus 11%; P < .01). At 2 years, the induction group compared to no induction had lower relapse/progression: 13% (9% to 18%) versus 23% (16% to 32%) (P = .02); better progression-free survival (PFS): 82% (77% to 87%) versus 69% (61% to 77%) (P < .01); and similar overall survival (OS): 92% (88% to 95%) versus 89% (84% to 94%) (P = .22), findings that were confirmed on multivariate analysis. A subset analysis limited to patientswith <10% PC also showed superior relapse/progression (hazard ratio [HR],.43; 95% confidence interval [CI],.24 to.78; P < .01) and PFS (HR,.43; 95% CI,.26 to .72; P < .01) for induction compared to no induction. Thus, we conclude that pre-transplant bortezomib-based induction was associated with improved relapse/progression and PFS in AL amyloidosis. Longer survival follow-up is warranted, as OS was excellent in both cohorts at 2 years.
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3.
  • Farhadfar, Nosha, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of Pretransplantation Renal Dysfunction on Outcomes after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 2666-6375 .- 2666-6367. ; 27:5, s. 410-422
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Renal dysfunction is a recognized risk factor for mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT), yet our understanding of the effect of different levels of renal dysfunction at time of transplantation on outcomes remains limited. This study explores the impact of different degrees of renal dysfunction on HCT outcomes and examines whether the utilization of incremental degrees of renal dysfunction based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) improve the predictability of the hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index (HCT-CI). The study population included 2 cohorts: cohort 1, comprising patients age >= 40 years who under went alloHCT for treatment of hematologic malignancies between 2008 and 2016 (n = 13,505; cohort selected given a very low incidence of renal dysfunction in individuals age <40 years), and cohort 2, comprising patients on dialysis at the time of HCT (n = 46). eGFR was measured using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) method. The patients in cohort 1 were assigned into 4 categories-eGFR >= 90 mL/min (n = 7062), eGFR 60 to 89 mL/min (n = 5264), eGFR 45 to 59 mL/min (n = 897), and eGFR <45 mL/min (n=282)-to assess the impact of degree of renal dysfunction on transplantation outcomes. Transplantation outcomes in patients on dialysis at the time of alloHCT were analyzed separately. eGFR <60 mL/min was associated with an increased risk for nonrelapse mortality (NRM) and requirement for dialysis post-HCT. Compared with the eGFR >= 90 group, the hazard ratio (HR) for NRM was 1.46 (P = .0001) for the eGFR 45 to 59 mL/min group and 1.74 (P = .004) for the eGFR <45 mL/min group. Compared with the eGFR >= 90 mL/min group, the eGFR 45 to 59 mL/min group (HR, 2.45; P < .0001) and the eGFR <45 mL/min group (HR, 3.09; P < .0001) had a higher risk of renal failure necessitating dialysis after alloHCT. In addition, eGFR <45 mL/min was associated with an increased overall mortality (HR, 1.63; P < .0001). An eGFR-based revised HCT-CI was also developed and shown to be predictive of overall survival (OS) and NRM, with predictive performance similar to the original HCT-CI. Among 46 patients on dialysis at alloHCT, the 1-year probability of OS was 20%, and that of NRM was 67%. The degree of pretransplantation renal dysfunction is an independent predictor of OS, NRM, and probability of needing dialysis after alloHCT. An eGFR-based HCT-CI is a validated index for predicting outcomes in adults with hematologic malignancies undergoing alloHCT. The outcomes of alloHCT recipients on dialysis are dismal; therefore, one should strongly weigh the significant risks of being on hemodialysis as a factor in determining alloHCT candidacy.
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4.
  • Remberger, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Superior Graft-versus-Host Disease-Free Relapse-Free Survival in Matched Unrelated Donor Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with Anti-Thymocyte Globulin (ATG) Compared to Matched Related Donor without ATG
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. - : Elsevier BV. - 2666-6375 .- 2666-6367. ; 27:7, s. 621.e1-621.e3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of anti-T cell globulin (ATG) in allogeneic stem cell transplantation with matched unrelated donors (MUDs) is considered standard of care in many transplant centers, as these patients are at higher risk of developing acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Several publications have reported reduced incidence of chronic GVHD compared to matched related donors (MRDs). This may support the idea of introducing ATG in prospective clinical trials, also in MRDs, in an effort to reduce the long-term complications with moderate and severe GVHD. We retrospectively analyzed 169 patients, in whom ATG was given to patients who underwent transplantation with MUDs (n = 124) and not MRDs (n = 45). The incidence acute GVHD II to IV and III to IV was significantly lower in the MUD group compared to the MRD group (28.2% versus 51.3% and 8.1% versus 24.7%). Extensive chronic GVHD incidence was 5% versus 40%. Our results further support the rationale for examining the efficacy of ATG in MRDs in prospective randomized trials.
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  • Munshi, Pashna N., et al. (författare)
  • American Society of Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, Center of International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, and European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Clinical Practice Recommendations for Transplantation and Cellular Therapies in Mantle Cell Lymphoma
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Transplantation and cellular therapy. - : Elsevier. - 2666-6367. ; 27:9, s. 720-728
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Autologous (auto-) and allogeneic (allo-) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) are accepted treatment modalities in contemporary treatment algorithms for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy recently received approval for MCL; however, its exact place and sequence in relation to HCT remain unclear. The American Society of Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, Center of International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, and the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation jointly convened an expert panel to formulate consensus recommendations for role, timing, and sequencing of auto-HCT, allo-HCT, and CAR T cell therapy for patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory (R/R) MCL. The RAND-modified Delphi method was used to generate consensus statements. Seventeen consensus statements were generated, with a few key statements as follows: in the first line setting, auto-HCT consolidation represents standard of care in eligible patients, whereas there is no clear role of allo-HCT or CAR T cell therapy outside of clinical trials. In the R/R setting, the preferential option is CAR T cell therapy, especially in patients with MCL failing or intolerant to at least one Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor, while allo-HCT is recommended if CAR T cell therapy fails or is infeasible. Several recommendations were based on expert opinion, where the panel developed consensus statements for important real-world clinical scenarios to guide clinical practice. In the absence of contemporary evidence-based data, the panel found RAND-modified Delphi methodology effective in providing a formal framework for developing consensus recommendations for the timing and sequence of cellular therapies for MCL.
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