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Träfflista för sökning "L773:978 3 319 44671 4 OR L773:978 3 319 44672 1 "

Sökning: L773:978 3 319 44671 4 OR L773:978 3 319 44672 1

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1.
  • Abd-Ellah, Mahmoud Khaled, et al. (författare)
  • Classification of Brain Tumor MRIs Using a Kernel Support Vector Machine
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Building Sustainable Health Ecosystems : 6th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2016, Tampere, Finland, September 16-18, 2016, Proceedings. - Springer International Publishing. - 978-3-319-44671-4 - 978-3-319-44672-1 ; s. 151-160
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The use of medical images has been continuously increasing, which makes manual investigations of every image a difficult task. This study focuses on classifying brain magnetic resonance images (MRIs) as normal, where a brain tumor is absent, or as abnormal, where a brain tumor is present. A hybrid intelligent system for automatic brain tumor detection and MRI classification is proposed. This system assists radiologists in interpreting the MRIs, improves the brain tumor diagnostic accuracy, and directs the focus toward the abnormal images only. The proposed computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system consists of five steps: MRI preprocessing to remove the background noise, image segmentation by combining Otsu binarization and K-means clustering, feature extraction using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) approach, and dimensionality reduction of the features by applying the principal component analysis (PCA) method. The major features were submitted to a kernel support vector machine (KSVM) for performing the MRI classification. The performance evaluation of the proposed system measured a maximum classification accuracy of 100 % using an available MRIs database. The processing time for all processes was recorded as 1.23 seconds. The obtained results have demonstrated the superiority of the proposed system.</p>
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2.
  • Salakari, Minna, et al. (författare)
  • Life satisfaction and sense of coherence of breast cancer survivors compared to women with mental depression, arterial hypertension and healthy controls
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Building Sustainable Health Ecosystems : 6th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2016, Tampere, Finland, September 16-18, 2016, Proceedings. - Springer. - 978-3-319-44671-4 - 978-3-319-44672-1 ; s. 253-265
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The purpose of the study was to compare the life satisfaction (LS) and sense of coherence (SOC) of women recovering from breast cancer (BC) to LS and SOC of women with depression or hypertension and of healthy controls. Finnish Health and Social Support (HeSSup) follow-up survey data in 2003 was linked with national health registries. BC patients were followed up for mortality until the end of 2012. The statistical computations were carried out with SAS®. There were no significant differences in LS and SOC between the groups with BC, arterial hypertension or healthy controls. Women recovering from BC are as satisfied with their life as healthy controls, and their perceived LS is better and SOC is stronger compared to women with depression. SOC correlated positively (r2 = 0.36, p &amp;lt; 0.001) with LS. However, more studies on determinants of the LS are needed for designing and organizing health care services for BC survivors. </p>
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