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Sökning: LAR1:bth > (2000-2004)

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  • Albinsson, Gunilla, et al. (författare)
  • I vardagen konstrueras jämställdhet
  • 2004
  • Rapport (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Studiens övergripande syfte är att fördjupa förståesen för jämställdhet inom en kommunal förvaltning utifrån tre teoretiska utgångspunkter; teoretiska perspektiv på organisation, könsperspektiv samt teorier om makt. I fokus står en grupp yrkesverksamma kvinnor och män. Vid genomförandet av den empiriska studien används observationer och kvalitativa intervjuer. När ett könsperspektiv är utgångspunkt vid studier av en organisation framträder könets betydelse på såväl struktur- som individnivå. I resultatet illustrerar en bild av både hinder och möjligheter för en jämställd organisation. De hinder som finns är hierarki, könssegregering, kunskapsbrist, kulturell kod samt språkbruk. Möjligherna utgörs av styrning, kunskap och metoder.
  • Andersson, Carry, et al. (författare)
  • Dynamic Characteristics of a Tool Holder Shank in Lathe
  • 2000
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Dynamic characteristics of a Tool Holder Shank were determined by using the Finite Element Method and Experimental Modal Analysis. Good agreement between FE-model and the experimental model was obtained for the Tool Holder Shank itself. With the Tool Holder Shank in Lathe the agreement was less good. Reasons for this are discussed. Suggestions for further work on including actuators to reduce vibrations are given.
  • Andrén, Linus, et al. (författare)
  • Active Noise Control Experiments in a Fork-lift Truck Cabin
  • 2004
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High comfort for the driver in working vehicles is an important feature as well as a demand from the drivers. Low noise level is an essential factor for the manufacturer to maintain a high standard and comfort of vehicles. In many cases the noise inside the cabin can be related to the engine orders. Hydraulic pumps and fans are also related to the engine but not necessarily integers of the engine order. Passive absorbers are not suitable for the lowest frequencies and one approach is to use an active noise control system to solve the noise problem at low frequencies. In the present experiment loudspeakers were mounted inside the cabin of a fork lift-truck to produce the secondary noise field. To sense the residual noise, microphones were installed close to the driver's head. The aim is to create a zone of reduced noise around the head. Since a large portion of the noise inside the cabin can be related to the engine, an active control system based on a feedforward solution is possible. Experimental results from a feedforward solution of active noise control in a fork-lift truck cabin show that the noise level in the low frequency region can be reduced significantly.
  • Andrén, Linus, et al. (författare)
  • Active Vibration Control of Boring Bar Vibrations
  • 2004
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The boring operation is a cumbersome manufacturing process plagued by noise and vibration-related problems. A deep internal boring operation in a workpiece is a classic example of chatter-prone machining. The manufacturing industry today is facing tougher tolerances of product surfaces and a desire to process hard-to-cut materials; vibrations must thus be kept to a minimum. An increase in productivity is also interesting from a manufacturing point of view. Penetrating deep and narrow cavities require that the dimensions of the boring bar are long and slender. As a result, the boring bar is inclined to vibrate due to the limited dynamic stiffness. Vibration affects the surface finish, leads to severe noise in the workshop and may also reduce tool life. This report presents an active control solution based on a standard boring bar with an embedded piezo ceramic actuator; this is placed in the area of the peak modal strain energy of the boring bar bending mode to be controlled. An accelerometer is also included in the design; this is mounted as close as possible to the cutting tool. Embedding the electronic parts not only protects them from the harsh environment in a lathe but also enable the design to be used on a general lathe as long as the mounting arrangements are relatively similar. Three different algorithms have been tested in the control system. Since the excitation source of the original vibrations, i.e. the chip formation process cannot be observed directly, the algorithms must be constructed on the basis of a feedback approach. Experimental results from boring operations show that the vibration level can be reduced by 40 dB at the resonance frequency of a fundamental boring bar bending mode; several of its harmonics can also be reduced significantly.
  • Andrén, Linus, et al. (författare)
  • Actuator placements and Variations in the Control Path estimates in the Active Control of Boring Bar Vibrations
  • 2004
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A classical example of chatter prone machining is the boring operation. Turning under conditions with high vibrations in the cutting tool deteriorates the surface finish and may cause tool breakage. Severe noise is also a consequence of the high vibration levels in the boring bar. Active control is one possible solution to the noise and vibration problem in boring operations. In boring operations the boring bar usually have vibration components in both the cutting speed and the cutting depth direction. The introduction of the control force in different angles in between the cutting speed and the cutting depth directions have been investigated. Furthermore, control path estimates produced when the active boring bar was not in contact with the workpiece and during continuous cutting operation are compared. Experimental results indicate that the control force should be introduced in the cutting speed direction. Although the vibrations are controlled in just the cutting speed direction the vibrations in the cutting depth direction are also reduced significantly.
  • Andrén, Linus, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of Dynamic Properties of Boring Bar Vibrations in a Continuous Boring Operation
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Mechanical systems and signal processing. - Academic Press. - 0888-3270. ; 18:4, s. 869-901
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vibrations in internal turning operations are usually a cumbersome part of the manufacturing process. This article focuses on the boring bar vibrations. Boring bar vibrations in alloyed steel, stainless steel and cast iron have been measured in both the cutting speed direction and the cutting depth direction with the aid of accelerometers. The dynamic response of a boring bar seem to be a time varying process that exhibits non-linear behaviour. The process is influenced by non-stationary parameters that are not under the control of the operator or experimenter. The vibrations are clearly dominated by the first resonance frequency in one of the two directions of the boring bar. The problem with force modulation in rotary machinery, which appears as side band terms in the spectrum, is also addressed. Furthermore, the resonance frequencies of the boring bar are correlated to an Euler-Bernoulli beam model.
  • Appelquist, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • SMILE Revisited
  • 2003
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The mobile service "SMILE" supporting care of the elderly is evaluated from an economic as well as an work practice perspective.
  • Archives of ALGA, volume 1
  • 2004
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Volume 1 contains 3 articles: Nail H. Ibragimov, Equivalence groups and invariants of linear and non-linear equations; Nail H. Ibragimov and Sergey V. Meleshko, Linearization of third-order ordinary differential equations; Nail H. Ibragimov, Gazanfer Ünal and Claes Jogreús, Group analysis of stochastic differential systems: Approximate symmetries and conservation laws.
  • Arkiven i forskningens tjänst
  • 2003
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Begreppet "forskande lärande" ges en innebörd så som det utvecklades i skolprojektet MIS (Människan i samhällsomvandlingen).
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