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  • A.O., Tillmar, et al. (författare)
  • Using X-chromosomal markers in relationship testing: Calculation of likelihood ratios taking both linkage and linkage disequilibrium into account
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Forensic Science International: Genetics. - 1872-4973. ; 5:5, s. 506-511
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • X-chromosomal markers in forensic genetics have become more widely used during recent years, particularly for relationship testing. Linkage and linkage disequilibrium (LD) must typically be accounted for when using close X-chromosomal markers. Thus, when producing the weight-of-evidence, given by a DNA-analysis with markers that are linked, the normally used product rule is invalid. Here we present an implementation of an efficient model for calculating likelihood ratios (LRs) with markers on the X-chromosome which are linked and in LD. Furthermore, the model was applied on several cases based on data from the eight X-chromosomal loci included in the Mentype® Argus X-8 (Biotype). Using a simulation approach we showed that the use of X-chromosome data can offer valuable information for choosing between the alternatives in each of the cases we studied, and that the LR can be high in several cases. We demonstrated that when linkage and LD were disregarded, as opposed to taken into account, the difference in calculated LRs could be considerable. When these differences were large, the estimated haplotype frequencies often had a strong impact and we present a method to estimate haplotype frequencies. Our conclusion is that linkage and LD should be accounted for when using the tested set of markers, and the used model is an efficient way of doing so.
  • Aaboen, Lise, 1978- (författare)
  • Business Incubators as Networks - How and Why?
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of ECEI 2008 The 3rd European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation. - 978-1-906638-15-3 ; s. 1-8
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Aaboen, Lise, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Capturing processes in longitudinal multiple case studies
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Industrial Marketing Management. - 0019-8501. ; 41:2, s. 235-246
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper discusses and suggests a methodological approach to capture processes in multiple case studies. While single case studies may address processes in an inductive or abductive manner, multiple case studies entail a stronger need for analytical frameworks and methodological tools developed ex ante in order to maintain focus on the same phenomena across cases and over time. This is, however, difficult to pursue in studies that focus on processes. The aim of the paper is to suggest an approach to longitudinal multiple case studies. We use an example of an on-going multiple case study aiming at capturing the processes of strategizing in terms of how the networking of start-up companies interplays with their ideas of future network positions. The paper concludes by suggesting the use of a combination of narratives and network drawings. Network drawings can be instrumental in capturing the past, the present and the future at different points in time for the individual cases. Based on these descriptions, change patterns and how these evolve can be analyzed and compared across cases and over time.
  • Aaboen, Lise, et al. (författare)
  • Designing and Assessing Learning in Venture Creation Programs - Winner of Best Practitioner Development Workshop Award
  • 2018
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Workshop Summary In Venture Creation Programs the venture acts as a ‘learning vessel’, enabling what students need to learn - and more - given a greater or lesser extent of guidance. But how do we ensure that the students are engaging in ‘doing what they need to do’ in order to ‘learn what they need to learn’? In this workshop, participants will benchmark and crowdsource to identify and develop teaching tool prototypes for venture creation programs. Each ‘teaching tool’ consist of a learning objective, a combination of learning activities and an assessment suggestion. The workshop consists of two steps: the first is to capture learning activities from the entire group; then we divide into smaller groups where we develop them further into teaching tools. The teaching tools can later be used by the participants in their home university in order to package integrated venture activities so that the activities become aligned to the learning objectives.
  • Aaboen, Lise, 1978- (författare)
  • Explaining incubators using firm analogy
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Technovation. - 0166-4972. ; 29:10, s. 657-670
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Incubators are initiated to accelerate the development of new technology-based firms. Policy actors see them as a tool to initiate or revive innovativeness in regions and universities as a way to commercialize research results. However, even though the intended results of the incubator are good it is not known how the incubator should be managed and organized in order to achieve this end. When faced with a new type of organizations analogies can provide insights gathered from other contexts. To contribute to the further understanding of incubators this paper discuss the implications, in terms of highlighted dimensions and further clarifications needed when using the analogy of a firm. The paper uses empirical findings from six incubators. The discussion shows it is not clear who is the actual customer of the incubator. For example, can the policy actors that provide the funding to the incubator be seen as a customer paying for the service of regional revival and the NTBFs customers when their fees are not in relation to the services they are provided? In the discussion it is suggested that the incubator can have many customers with different value creation processes or no customers depending on the viewpoint taken.
  • Aaboen, Lise, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring the roles of university spin-offs in business networks
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Industrial Marketing Management. - Elsevier. - 0019-8501. ; 59, s. 157-166
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper identifies different university spin-off (USO) roles related to resource interaction among business parties. It does so by mapping how USOs become part of business networks in terms of their roles relative to other parties. The theoretical frame of reference focuses on roles and resource interaction based on an industrial network approach to business markets. The empirical research is based on five cases of USOs representing a variety in terms of technology, degree of newness, sector, and area of application. As a result of the analysis, three different roles are identified: the USO as resource mediator, resource re-combiner and resource renewer. These roles reflect how USOs adapt resources to, or require changes among, business parties' resources. The paper also discusses the main resource interfaces associated with the three roles and related challenges. The paper contributes to previous research through illustrating USOs' roles relative to business parties from a resource interaction point of view, and by pointing to the establishment of new companies in business networks as a way of implementing innovation. Finally, the paper discusses the managerial implications of the research in terms of the USO's need to understand which role to take and how to develop it.
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