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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Tidskriftsartikel > Båth Magnus 1974

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  • Asplund, Sara, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of radiation dose level on the detectability of pulmonary nodules in chest tomosynthesis
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Radiology. - 0938-7994. ; 24:7, s. 1529-1536
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To investigate the detectability of pulmonary nodules in chest tomosynthesis at reduced radiation dose levels. Eighty-six patients were included in the study and were examined with tomosynthesis and computed tomography (CT). Artificial noise was added to simulate that the tomosynthesis images were acquired at dose levels corresponding to 12, 32, and 70 % of the default setting effective dose (0.12 mSv). Three observers (with > 20, > 20 and three years of experience) read the tomosynthesis cases for presence of nodules in a free-response receiver operating characteristics (FROC) study. CT served as reference. Differences between dose levels were calculated using the jack-knife alternative FROC (JAFROC) figure of merit (FOM). The JAFROC FOM was 0.45, 0.54, 0.55, and 0.54 for the 12, 32, 70, and 100 % dose levels, respectively. The differences in FOM between the 12 % dose level and the 32, 70, and 100 % dose levels were 0.087 (p = 0.006), 0.099 (p = 0.003), and 0.093 (p = 0.004), respectively. Between higher dose levels, no significant differences were found. A substantial reduction from the default setting dose in chest tomosynthesis may be possible. In the present study, no statistically significant difference in detectability of pulmonary nodules was found when reducing the radiation dose to 32 %. aEuro cent A substantial radiation dose reduction in chest tomosynthesis may be possible. aEuro cent Pulmonary nodule detectability remained unchanged at 32 % of the effective dose. aEuro cent Tomosynthesis might be performed at the dose of a lateral chest radiograph.
  • Asplund, Sara, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Learning aspects and potential pitfalls regarding detection of pulmonary nodules in chest tomosynthesis and proposed related quality criteria.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Acta radiologica. - 1600-0455. ; 52:5, s. 503-512
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background In chest tomosynthesis, low-dose projections collected over a limited angular range are used for reconstruction of an arbitrary number of section images of the chest, resulting in a moderately increased radiation dose compared to chest radiography. Purpose To investigate the effects of learning with feedback on the detection of pulmonary nodules for observers with varying experience of chest tomosynthesis, to identify pitfalls regarding detection of pulmonary nodules, and present suggestions for how to avoid them, and to adapt the European quality criteria for chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) to chest tomosynthesis. Material and Methods Six observers analyzed tomosynthesis cases for presence of nodules in a jackknife alternative free-response receiver-operating characteristics (JAFROC) study. CT was used as reference. The same tomosynthesis cases were analyzed before and after learning with feedback, which included a collective learning session. The difference in performance between the two readings was calculated using the JAFROC figure of merit as principal measure of detectability. Results Significant improvement in performance after learning with feedback was found only for observers inexperienced in tomosynthesis. At the collective learning session, localization of pleural and subpleural nodules or structures was identified as the main difficulty in analyzing tomosynthesis images. Conclusion The results indicate that inexperienced observers can reach a high level of performance regarding nodule detection in tomosynthesis after learning with feedback and that the main problem with chest tomosynthesis is related to the limited depth resolution.
  • Bath, M, et al. (författare)
  • Method of simulating dose reduction for digital radiographic systems.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 0144-8420. ; 114:1-3, s. 253-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The optimisation of image quality vs. radiation dose is an important task in medical imaging. To obtain maximum validity of the optimisation, it must be based on clinical images. Images at different dose levels can then either be obtained by collecting patient images at the different dose levels sought to investigate-including additional exposures and permission from an ethical committee-or by manipulating images to simulate different dose levels. The aim of the present work was to develop a method of simulating dose reduction for digital radiographic systems. The method uses information about the detective quantum efficiency and noise power spectrum at the original and simulated dose levels to create an image containing filtered noise. When added to the original image this results in an image with noise which, in terms of frequency content, agrees with the noise present in an image collected at the simulated dose level. To increase the validity, the method takes local dose variations in the original image into account. The method was tested on a computed radiography system and was shown to produce images with noise behaviour similar to that of images actually collected at the simulated dose levels. The method can, therefore, be used to modify an image collected at one dose level so that it simulates an image of the same object collected at any lower dose level.
  • Bath, M, et al. (författare)
  • Nodule detection in digital chest radiography: introduction to the RADIUS chest trial.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 0144-8420. ; 114:1-3, s. 85-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most digital radiographic systems of today have wide latitude and are hence able to provide images with a small constraint on dose level. This opens up for an unprejudiced dose optimisation. However, in order to succeed in the optimisation task, good knowledge of the imaging and detection processes is needed. As a part of the European-wide research project 'unification of physical and clinical requirements for medical X-ray imaging'-governed by the Radiological Imaging Unification Strategies (RADIUS) Group-a major image quality trial was conducted by members of the group. The RADIUS chest trial was focused on the detection of lung nodules in digital chest radiography with the aims of determining to what extent (1) the detection of a nodule is dependent on its location, (2) the system noise disturbs the detection of lung nodules, (3) the anatomical noise disturbs the detection of lung nodules and (4) the image background and anatomical background act as pure noise for the detection of lung nodules. The purpose of the present paper is to give an introduction to the trial and describe the framework and set-up of the investigation.
  • Berner, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Dose optimisation of double-contrast barium enema examinations.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 1742-3406. ; 139:1-3, s. 388-392
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present work was to optimise the filtration and dose setting for double-contrast barium enema examinations using a Philips MultiDiagnost Eleva FD system. A phantom study was performed prior to a patient study. A CDRAD phantom was used in a study where copper and aluminium filtration, different detector doses and tube potentials were examined. The image quality was evaluated using the software CDRAD Analyser and the phantom dose was determined using the Monte Carlo-based software PCXMC. The original setting [100 % detector dose (660 nGy air kerma) and a total filtration of 3.5 mm Al, at 81 kVp] and two other settings identified by the phantom study (100 % detector dose and additional filtration of 1 mm Al and 0.2 mm Cu as well as 80 % detector dose and added filtration of 1 mm Al and 0.2 mm Cu) were included in the patient study. The patient study included 60 patients and up to 8 images from each patient. Six radiologists performed a visual grading characteristics study to evaluate the image quality. A four-step scale was used to judge the fulfillment of three image quality criteria. No overall statistical significant difference in image quality was found between the three settings (P > 0.05). The decrease in the effective dose for the settings in the patient study was 15 % when filtration was added and 34 % when both filtrations was added and detector dose was reduced. The study indicates that additional filtration of 1 mm Al and 0.2 mm Cu and a decrease in detector dose by 20 % from the original setting can be used in colon examinations with Philips MultiDiagnost Eleva FD to reduce the patient dose by 30 % without significantly affecting the image quality. For 20 exposures, this corresponds to a decrease in the effective dose from 1.6 to 1.1 mSv.
  • Borjesson, S, et al. (författare)
  • A software tool for increased efficiency in observer performance studies in radiology.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 0144-8420. ; 114:1-3, s. 45-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Observer performance studies are time-consurning tasks, both for the participating observers and for the scientists collecting and analysing the data. A possible way to optimise such studies is to perform them in a completely digital environment. A software tool-ViewDEX (Viewer for Digital Evaluation of X-ray images)-has been developed in Java, enabling it to function on almost any computer. ViewDEX is designed to handle several types of studies, such as visual grading analysis (VGA), image criteria scoring (ICS) and receiver operating characteristics (ROC). The results from each observer are saved in a log file, which can be exported for further analysis in, for example, a special software for analysing ROC results. By using ViewDEX for an ROC experiment, an evaluation rate of similar to 200 images per hour can be achieved, compared to similar to 25 images per hour using hard copy evaluation. The results are obtained within minutes of completion of the viewing. The risk of human errors in the process of data collection and analysis is also minimised. The viewer has been used in a major trial containing similar to 2700 images.
  • Båth, Magnus, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • A conceptual optimisation strategy for radiography in a digital environment.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 0144-8420. ; 114:1-3, s. 230-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a completely digital environment for the entire imaging process leads to new possibilities for optimisation of radiography since many restrictions of screen/film systems, such as the small dynamic range and the lack of possibilities for image processing, do not apply any longer. However, at the same time these new possibilities lead to a more complicated optimisation process, since more freedom is given to alter parameters. This paper focuses on describing an optimisation strategy that concentrates on taking advantage of the conceptual differences between digital systems and screen/film systems. The strategy can be summarised as: (a) always include the anatomical background during the optimisation, (b) perform all comparisons at a constant effective dose and (c) separate the image display stage from the image collection stage. A three-step process is proposed where the optimal setting of the technique parameters is determined at first, followed by an optimisation of the image processing. In the final step the optimal dose level-given the optimal settings of the image collection and image display stages-is determined.
  • Båth, Magnus, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • Effective dose to patients from chest examinations with tomosynthesis
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 1742-3406. ; 139:1-3, s. 153-158
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chest tomosynthesis, which refers to the principle of collecting low-dose projections of the chest at different angles and using these projections to reconstruct section images of the chest, is an imaging technique recently introduced to health care. The main purpose of the present work was to determine the average effective dose to patients from clinical use of chest tomosynthesis. Exposure data for two chest radiography laboratories with tomosynthesis option (Definium 8000 with VolumeRAD option, GE Healthcare, Chalfont St. Giles, UK) were registered for 20 patients with a weight between 60 and 80 kg (average weight of 70.2 kg). The recorded data were used in the Monte Carlo program PCXMC 2.0 (STUK-Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki, Finland) to determine the average effective dose for each projection. The effective dose for the chest tomosynthesis examination, including a scout view and the tomosynthesis acquisition, was finally obtained by adding the effective doses from all projections. Using the weighting factors given in ICRP 103, the average effective dose for the examination was found to be 0.13 mSv, whereas the average effective dose for the conventional two-view chest radiography examination was 0.05 mSv. A conversion factor of 0.26 mSv Gy(-1) cm(-2) was found suitable for determining the effective dose from a VolumeRAD chest tomosynthesis examination from the total registered kerma-area product. In conclusion, the effective dose to a standard-sized patient (170 cm/70 kg) from a VolumeRAD chest tomosynthesis examination is ~2 % of an average chest CT and only two to three times the effective dose from the conventional two-view chest radiography examination.
  • Båth, Magnus, 1974- (författare)
  • Evaluating imaging systems: practical applications
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 1742-3406. ; 139:1-3, s. 26-36
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There are many ways in which imaging systems can be evaluated. The aim of the present paper is to provide an overview of a number of selected approaches to evaluating imaging systems, often encountered by the medical physicist, and discuss their validity and reliability. Specifically, it will cover (i) characterisation of an imaging system in terms of its detective quantum efficiency using linear-systems analysis; (ii) attempts to calculate relevant measures directly in images using the Rose model and the pixel signal-to-noise ratio; (iii) task-based methods incorporating human observers such as receiver-operating characteristics and (iv) visual grading-based methods using experienced radiologists as observers.
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