SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;pers:(Jonsdottir Ingibjörg H.);srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Jonsdottir Ingibjörg H. > (2005-2009)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  •  
2.
  • Glise, Katarina, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Self-reported exhaustion: a possible indicator of reduced work ability and increased risk of sickness absence among human service workers.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International archives of occupational and environmental health. - 1432-1246.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the construct and predictive validity of a new instrument for self-rating of stress-related Exhaustion Disorder (s-ED). METHODS: Public healthcare workers and social insurance officers, 85% females, were included (N = 2,683) in a longitudinal study. The s-ED instrument, based on clinical criteria for Exhaustion Disorder, was used at baseline to classify participants into three categories: non-s-ED, light/moderate s-ED and pronounced s-ED. Other assessments include burnout, anxiety, depression and work ability. Sick leave at follow-up after 2 years was defined as 14 days of ongoing sick leave (SA14) or a period of 60 days of sick leave during the last 12 months (SA60). Associations at baseline were expressed as prevalence ratios, and adjusted relative risks (RR) were calculated using Cox regression. RESULTS: At baseline, 16% reported s-ED. Scores of depression, anxiety and burnout and the rate of poor work ability increased with increasing severity of s-ED. Self-reported exhaustion at baseline increased the risk of reporting sickness absence at follow-up; pronounced s-ED RR 2.7; CI 1.8-4.0 for SA14 and RR 3.4; CI 2.3-5.2 for SA60. CONCLUSIONS: Self-rated ED corresponded well to established scales for mental health, indicating sufficient construct validity. Individuals reporting s-ED at baseline were more likely to report sickness absence at follow-up, confirming its predictive properties. The s-ED instrument may be a useful tool for occupational health services in identifying human service workers at risk of having or developing a potentially disabling stress-related mental illness.
  •  
3.
  • Hägg Samuelsson, Ulrika, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Gene expression profile and aortic vessel distensibility in voluntarily exercised spontaneously hypertensive rats: potential role of heat shock proteins
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Physiological Genomics. - 1094-8341. ; 11:22:2, s. 319
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Physical exercise is considered to be beneficial for cardiovascular health. Nevertheless, the underlying specific molecular mechanisms still remain unexplored. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of voluntary exercise on vascular mechanical properties and gene regulation patterns in spontaneously hypertensive rats. By using ultrasound biomicroscopy in an ex vivo perfusion chamber, we studied the distensibility of the thoracic aorta. Furthermore, exercise-induced gene regulation was studied in aortae, using microarray analysis and validated with real-time PCR. We found that distensibility was significantly improved in aortas from exercising compared with control rats (P < 0.0001). Exercising rats demonstrated a striking pattern of coordinated downregulation of genes belonging to the heat shock protein family. In conclusion, voluntary exercise leads to improved vessel wall distensibility and reduced gene expression of heat shock protein 60 and 70, which may indicate decreased oxidative stress in the aortic vascular wall.
  •  
4.
  • Hägg Samuelsson, Ulrika, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Gene expression profile and aortic vessel distensibility in voluntarily exercised spontaneously hypertensive rats: potential role of heat shock proteins
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Physiol Genomics. - 1531-22671094-8341. ; 22:3, s. 319
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Physical exercise is considered to be beneficial for cardiovascular health. Nevertheless, the underlying specific molecular mechanisms still remain unexplored. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of voluntary exercise on vascular mechanical properties and gene regulation patterns in spontaneously hypertensive rats. By using ultrasound biomicroscopy in an ex vivo perfusion chamber, we studied the distensibility of the thoracic aorta. Furthermore, exercise-induced gene regulation was studied in aortae, using microarray analysis and validated with real-time PCR. We found that distensibility was significantly improved in aortas from exercising compared with control rats (P < 0.0001). Exercising rats demonstrated a striking pattern of coordinated downregulation of genes belonging to the heat shock protein family. In conclusion, voluntary exercise leads to improved vessel wall distensibility and reduced gene expression of heat shock protein 60 and 70, which may indicate decreased oxidative stress in the aortic vascular wall.
  •  
5.
  • Hägg Samuelsson, Ulrika, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Voluntary physical exercise and coronary flow velocity reserve: a transthoracic colour Doppler echocardiography study in spontaneously hypertensive rats
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Clin Sci (Lond). - 0143-5221. ; 109:3, s. 325-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the present study, we have developed and demonstrated a coronary artery imaging protocol in rats using transthoracic high-frequency CDE (colour Doppler echocardiography) to investigate the potential direct effects of exercise on CFVR (coronary flow velocity reserve). SHR (spontaneously hypertensive rats) performed voluntary exercise for 6 weeks. Rats were then submitted to ultrasonographic examination and CFVR measurements. The LAD (left anterior descending coronary artery) was visualized using transthoracic CDE in a modified parasternal long-axis view. Doppler measurement was made in mid-LAD during baseline and adenosine-induced hyperaemic condition. Gene and protein expression in cardiac tissue were studied using real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Adenosine infusion significantly (P<0.001, as determined by ANOVA) decreased HR, without affecting blood pressure in anaesthetized SHR. A significantly greater adenosine dose-dependent response was seen in exercised rats compared with controls (P=0.02, as determined by ANOVA). The baseline flow velocity in mid-LAD was 0.33+/-0.06 and 0.41+/-0.14 m/s in the exercised and control animals respectively (P value was not significant). The maximum adenosine-induced response was reached at a dose of 140 microg.kg-1 of body weight.min-1, and CFVR averaged at 2.6+/-0.53 and 1.5+/-0.24 in exercised and control animals respectively (P<0.01). Gene expression of CuZnSOD was up-regulated by 21% in exercised animals compared with controls (1.1+/-0.16 compared with 0.89+/-0.09; P<0.01), whereas eNOS expression was unchanged. In conclusion, CFVR in rats can be non-invasively assessed using CDE with high feasibility. Physical exercise is associated with improved CFVR and antioxidative capacity in SHR.
  •  
6.
  • Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and growth factors called into question as markers of prolonged psychosocial stress.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: PloS one. - 1932-6203. ; 4:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress is becoming a major contributor to increased mental ill-health and sick leave in many countries. Valid markers of chronic stress would be valuable for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. A recent study suggested monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as markers of chronic stress. We aimed to confirm these potential biomarkers of prolonged psychosocial stress in female patients. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Circulating levels of MCP-1, EGF and VEGF, along with several other cytokines, were measured in plasma from 42 female patients suffering from exhaustion due to prolonged psychosocial stress and 42 control subjects, using a protein biochip immunoassay. There were no significant differences between patients and controls in any of the cytokines or growth factors analyzed. Furthermore, when using a different protein bioassay and reanalyzing MCP-1 and VEGF in the same samples, markedly different levels were obtained. To further explore if inflammation is present in patients with exhaustion, the classical inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured in another group of patients (n=89) and controls (n=88) showing a small but significant increase of CRP levels in the patients. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: MCP-1, EGF and VEGF may not be suitable markers of prolonged psychosocial stress as previously suggested. Furthermore, significant differences were obtained when using two different protein assays measuring the same samples, indicating that comparing studies where different analytic techniques have been used might be difficult. Increased levels of CRP indicate that low-grade inflammation might be present in patients with exhaustion due to prolonged stress exposure but this inflammation does not seem to be reflected by increase in circulating MCP-1 or other cytokines measured.
  •  
7.
  •  
8.
  • Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Stress och fysisk aktivitet
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Stress; Individen, samhället, organisationen, molekylerna. Ed; Ekman, R, Arnetz, B. - Stockholm : Liber förlag. - 978-91-47-05258-5 ; s. 240-43
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  •  
9.
  • Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Stress och minnesfunktion
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift. ; årg 84:2
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)
  •  
10.
  • Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H, 1966- (författare)
  • Stress och påverkan på immunförsvaret
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Stress; Individen, samhället, organisationen, molekylerna. Ed; Ekman, R, Arnetz, B. - Stockholm : Liber förlag.
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy