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Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;pers:(Thelle Dag 1942);srt2:(2008)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Thelle Dag 1942 > (2008)

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1.
  • Biong, A. S., et al. (författare)
  • Intake of dairy fat and dairy products, and risk of myocardial infarction: A case-control study
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. - 0963-7486. ; 59:2, s. 1-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The role of dairy fat in the aetiology of myocardial infarction (MI) is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between intake of dairy fat and dairy products, and risk of a first acute MI. A total of 111 MI patients with a first acute MI and 107 population controls (men and women, age 45-75 years) were studied. Diet was assessed using a 180-item food frequency questionnaire. The MI cases had higher intake of total fat, but lower intake of saturated fat and dairy fat than the control persons. No effect of dairy fat or saturated fat on the odds ratio for MI was observed, however. A significant inverse trend in odds of MI for intake of cheese was observed, but the trend was no longer significant after adjustment for smoking. The results suggest that intake of fat from dairy products may not be associated with increased risk of having a first MI. The healthy control persons had a diet that differed from the diet of the MI patients in many aspects, and dairy products were a part of this diet. This may have protected them from having a first MI.
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2.
  • Leong, Tora, et al. (författare)
  • Asymmetric dimethylarginine independently predicts fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction and stroke in women 24 year follow up of the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology. - 1079-5642. ; 28:5, s. 961-967
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) reduces nitric oxide by inhibiting nitric oxide synthase is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our study examined the association of ADMA with CVD prospectively in a healthy population-based cohort of women. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured baseline ADMA of 880 women in the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg using high-performance liquid chromatography. After adjustment for traditional risk factors, creatinine clearance, and homocysteine using Cox models, the HR (95% CI in parentheses) of CVD end points at 24 years for a 0.15 micromol/L (1 SD) increase in ADMA were: all-cause mortality 1.12 (0.96, 1.32), fatal CVD 1.30 (1.04, 1.62), total CVD events 1.29 (1.09, 1.53). The top quintile (ADMA >or=0.71 micromol/L) compared with the bottom four-fifths, conferred a cumulative risk 22 versus 14%, relative risk 1.75 (95% CI 1.18, 2.59) and population attributable risk 12.7% of total CVD events, and further identified individuals who are at higher than expected risk based on the SCORE and Framingham systems. CONCLUSIONS: A 0.15 mumol/L increase in baseline ADMA levels is associated with approximately 30% increase in incident cardiovascular risk at 24 years in women after adjustment. ADMA levels >or=0.71 micromol/L enhances CVD risk assessment in women.
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3.
  • Zylberstein, Dimitri, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Homocysteine levels and lacunar brain infarcts in elderly women: the prospective population study of women in Gothenburg.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. - 1532-5415. ; 56:6, s. 1087-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To examine whether total serum homocysteine (tHcy) in a population-based sample of middle-aged women is an independent risk factor for presence of lacunar infarcts (LIs) 24 years later. DESIGN: Prospective population study, follow-up time 24 years. SETTING: Gothenburg, an urban area in western Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred twenty-six women, 89.6% of the original study sample of the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg, aged 46 to 60 at baseline in 1968/69 and re-examined at age 70 to 84. MEASUREMENTS: After 24 years of follow-up, all subjects underwent a psychiatric examination, and 277 computerized tomography (CT) scans of the brain were performed. Two radiologists assessed LIs and white matter lesions (WMLs). Baseline serum tHcy was analyzed from frozen stored serum samples. Logistic regression analyses were performed controlling for potential confounders such as age and selected cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: Thirty-four subjects had LIs in 1992 (12.3%). In the full multivariate-adjusted stepwise model, LIs were associated with elevated tHcy (odds ratio (OR)=1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.01-1.17 per micromol/L of tHcy increment). Women with tHcy values in the highest tertile were almost three times as likely to have LIs (OR=2.82, 95% CI=1.34-5.93) as were those in the lowest tertile. tHcy was not related to WMLs. Subjects who did not undergo a CT scan did not differ from those who did regarding tHcy or any of the covariates studied. CONCLUSION: tHcy in middle-aged women is an independent risk factor for LIs, but not WMLs, as observed using CT later in life.
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