Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;lar1:(gu);pers:(Waern Margda 1955);pers:(Runeson Bo)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Göteborgs universitet > Waern Margda 1955 > Runeson Bo

  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Dahlberg, Karin M, et al. (författare)
  • Mental health literacy and attitudes in a Swedish community sample - investigating the role of personal experience of mental health care.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: BMC public health. - 1471-2458. ; 8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Mental ill health is a common condition in the general population, yet only about half of those with a mental disorder have treatment contact. Personal experience may affect attitudes, which in turn influence the help-seeking process. This study investigated differences in mental health literacy and attitudes among mentally healthy persons and in persons with symptoms of mental illness with and without treatment contact. METHOD: A postal screening questionnaire was sent to a random sample of the general population aged 20-64 in the county of Skaraborg, Sweden in order to ascertain mental health status and history of treatment contact; 3538 responded (49%). Face-to-face interviews were carried out in random sub samples of mentally healthy persons (n = 128) and in mentally ill persons with (n = 125) and without (n = 105) mental health care contact. Mental health literacy and attitudes to treatment were assessed using questions based on a vignette depicting a person with depression. Past month mental disorder was diagnosed according to the Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN). RESULTS: Two thirds failed to recognize depression in a vignette; recognition was equally poor in mentally healthy persons and in persons with symptoms of mental illness with and without treatment contact. In response to an open-ended question concerning appropriate interventions, one third suggested counselling and only one percent proposed antidepressant treatment. Again, proportions were similar in all groups. Persons with a history of mental health contact more often suggested that a GP would provide the best form of help. When presented with a list of possible interventions, those with a history of mental health contact were more positive to medical interventions such as antidepressants, hypnotics, and inpatient psychiatric treatment. When asked about the prognosis for the condition described in the vignette, persons with treatment contact were less likely to believe in full recovery without intervention; mentally ill without treatment contact were more optimistic. CONCLUSION: Mental health literacy, specially concerning attitudes towards interventions is associated with personal history of mental health care.
  • Wiktorsson, Stefan, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Prospective cohort study of suicide attempters aged 70 and above: One-year outcomes.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of affective disorders. - 1573-2517. ; 134:1-3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Most elderly persons who attempt suicide suffer from depression. This study aimed to investigate one-year outcomes in suicide attempters aged 70+, and to identify predictors of these outcomes. METHODS: 101 persons (mean age 80) who were hospitalized after a suicide attempt were interviewed at baseline and followed for one year by record linkage. Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 71% of those who were alive after one year (60 out of 85). Outcome measures included major/minor depression, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score, repeat non-fatal/fatal suicidal behavior and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: One half (52%) of all those who were interviewed scored <10 on the MADRS at follow-up. Among those with major depression at baseline, two thirds (26 out of 39) no longer fulfilled criteria for this disorder. Factors associated with non-remission of major depression (MADRS ≥10) included higher baseline depression and anxiety scores, higher suicide intent and lower Sense of Coherence. There were two suicides and six non-fatal repeat attempts. The relative risk of death (any cause) was 2.53 (95% CI=1.45-4.10, p<0.001). LIMITATIONS: This is a naturalistic study; participants received non-uniform treatment as usual. The proportion with repeat suicidal behavior was lower than anticipated and the study was thus underpowered with regard to this outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Half of the surviving attempters were free from depressive symptoms at one-year follow-up and there were relatively few repeat attempts. However, all cause mortality remained high in this elderly cohort.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (3)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (3)
Skoog, Ingmar, 1954- ... (1)
Elofsson, Stig, (1)
Marlow, Thomas, (1)
Dahlberg, Karin M (1)
visa fler...
Tidemalm, Dag (1)
Wiktorsson, Stefan, ... (1)
Stefansson, Claes-Go ... (1)
visa färre...
Karolinska Institutet (3)
Engelska (3)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (3)


pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy