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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Högskolan i Skövde > Klinga Levan Karin 1974

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  • Adamovic, Tatjana, et al. (författare)
  • Rearrangement and allelic imbalance on chromosome 5 leads to homozygous deletions in the CDKN2A/2B tumor suppressor gene region in rat endometrial cancer
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - 0165-4608. ; 184:1, s. 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The inbred BDII rat is a valuable experimental model for the genetic analysis of hormone-dependent endometrial adenocarcinoma (EAC). One common aberration detected previously by comparative genomic hybridization in rat EAC is loss affecting mostly the middle part of rat chromosome 5 (RNO5). First, we applied an RNO5-specific painting probe and four region-specific gene probes onto tumor cell metaphases from 21 EACs, and found that rearrangements involving RNO5 were common. The copy numbers of loci situated on RNO5 were found to be reduced, particularly for the CDKN2A/2B locus. Second, polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed with 22 genes and markers and homozygous deletions of the CDKN2A exon 1? and CDKN2B genes were detected in 13 EACs (62%) and of CDKN2A exon 1? in 12 EACs (57%) Third, the occurrence of allelic imbalance in RNO5 was analyzed using 39 microsatellite markers covering the entire chromosome and frequent loss of heterozygosity was detected. Even more intriguing was the repeated finding of allele switching in a narrow region of 7 Mb across the CDKN2A/2B locus. We conclude that genetic events affecting the middle part of RNO5 (including bands 5q31<img src="http://www.sciencedirect.com/scidirimg/entities/223c.gif" />q33 and the CDKN2A locus) contribute to the development of EAC in rat, with the CDKN2A locus having a primary role.
  • Falck, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • SKY analysis revealed recurrent numerical and structural chromosome changes in BDII rat endometrial carcinomas
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Cell International. - BioMed Central. - 1475-2867. ; 11, s. 20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Genomic alterations are common features of cancer cells, and some of these changes are proven to be neoplastic-specific. Such alterations may serve as valuable tools for diagnosis and classification of tumors, prediction of clinical outcome, disease monitoring, and choice of therapy as well as for providing clues to the location of crucial cancer-related genes. Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy of the female genital tract, ranking fourth among all invasive tumors affecting women. Cytogenetic studies of human ECs have not produced very conclusive data, since many of these studies are based on karyotyping of limited number of cases and no really specific karyotypic changes have yet been identified. As the majority of the genes are conserved among mammals, the use of inbred animal model systems may serve as a tool for identification of underlying genes and pathways involved in tumorigenesis in humans. In the present work we used spectral karyotyping (SKY) to identify cancer-related aberrations in a well-characterized experimental model for spontaneous endometrial carcinoma in the BDII rat tumor model. Results: Analysis of 21 experimental ECs revealed specific nonrandom numerical and structural chromosomal changes. The most recurrent numerical alterations were gains in rat chromosome 4 (RNO4) and losses in RNO15. The most commonly structural changes were mainly in form of chromosomal translocations and were detected in RNO3, RNO6, RNO10, RNO11, RNO12, and RNO20. Unbalanced chromosomal translocations involving RNO3p was the most commonly observed structural changes in this material followed by RNO11p and RNO10 translocations. Conclusion: The non-random nature of these events, as documented by their high frequencies of incidence, is suggesting for dynamic selection of these changes during experimental EC tumorigenesis and therefore for their potential contribution into development of this malignancy. Comparative molecular analysis of the identified genetic changes in this tumor model with those reported in the human ECs may provide new insights into underlying genetic changes involved in EC development and tumorigenesis.
  • Nordlander, Carola, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Allelic imbalance on chromosome 10 in rat endometrial adenocarcinomas.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Cancer genetics and cytogenetics. - 0165-4608. ; 156:2, s. 158-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Earlier work using comparative genome hybridization (CGH) has shown that rat chromosome 10 (RNO10) is frequently involved in cytogenetic aberrations in BDII rat endometrial adenocarcinomas (EAC). Relative reduction in copy number (chromosomal deletions) was seen in the proximal to middle part of the chromosome, whereas there were increases in copy number in the distal part. The occurrence of RNO10 aberrations was further analyzed in DNA from primary tumor material from 42 EACs and 3 benign endometrial tumors using allelotyping of microsatellite markers. We found frequently that there were 4 quite distinct RNO10 regions that exhibited allelic imbalance. Based on these findings we believe that genes with relevance to EAC tumor development are situated in each of these chromosome regions. Extrapolation of our microsatellite marker data to the rat draft DNA sequence will facilitate the definition of the regions at the level of the DNA and to select and characterize candidate genes within each of the affected chromosome regions.
  • Roshani, Leyla, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic analysis of susceptibility to endometrial adenocarcinoma in the BDII rat model
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: CANCER GENETICS AND CYTOGENETICS. - 0165-4608. ; 158:2, s. 137-141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most cancers are genetically complex and heterogeneous, a serious obstacle to identifying specific genes underlying the disease. If inbred animal models are used, then both the genetic constitution and environmental influences can be carefully controlled. Females of the BDII inbred rat strain are genetically predisposed to endometrial cancer; more than 90% of virgin BDII females will develop endometrial adenocarcinoma (EAC) during their life span. BDII females were crossed to males from inbred strains with low EAC incidence (SPRD or BN). When F1 males were backcrossed to BDII females to generate N1 populations of offspring, about one fourth of the female progeny developed EAC. With transmission disequilibrium test analysis, significant association was detected in three chromosomal regions (on RNO1, RNO11, and RNO17) in the SPRD crosses and in the short arm of RNO20 in the BN crosses. It appears that several susceptibility genes with minor but cooperating effects are responsible for the susceptibility. Furthermore, it seems clear from the interstrain crosses not only that the onset of tumors depends on the presence of susceptibility alleles from the EAC-prone BDII strain, but also that tumor development is affected by the contribution of a genetic component derived from the nonsusceptible strains.
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