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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Tidskriftsartikel > Refereegranskat > Sjöström Lars > Berteus Forslund Helene 1952

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  • Berteus Forslund, Helene, 1952-, et al. (författare)
  • Meal patterns and obesity in Swedish women-a simple instrument describing usual meal types, frequency and temporal distribution
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Eur J Clin Nutr. - 0954-3007 (Print). ; 56:8, s. 740-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To characterize meal patterns in relation to obesity in Swedish women using a simple instrument describing meal frequency, meal types and temporal distribution. DESIGN: Cross-sectional parallel group design. SUBJECTS: Eighty-three obese women from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study were compared with 94 reference women, randomly recruited from the population. METHOD: A new, simplified and self-instructing questionnaire was used to assess meal patterns. Usual meal pattern was reported as time and meal type for each intake episode during a typical day. RESULTS: The obese women consumed 6.1 meals/day compared with 5.2 meals/day among the reference women (P<0.0001). All types of meals except 'drink meals' were significantly more frequently consumed in the obese group. The obese women also displayed a different meal pattern across the day, consuming a larger number of meals later in the day. As a result a larger fraction of each obese woman's total meals were consumed in the afternoon and in the evening/night. There was no difference in the number of obese vs reference women consuming breakfast. Snack meals were positively associated with total energy intake in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: A new simplified method assessing meal pattern revealed that the number of reported intake occasions across a usual day was higher in obese women compared with controls and the timing was shifted to later in the day. These findings should be considered in the treatment of obesity.
  • Berteus Forslund, Helene, 1952-, et al. (författare)
  • Snacking frequency in relation to energy intake and food choices in obese men and women compared to a reference population.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: International journal of obesity (2005). - 0307-0565. ; 29:6, s. 711-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate snacking frequency in relation to energy intake and food choices, taking physical activity into account, in obese vs reference men and women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. SUBJECTS: In total, 4259 obese, middle-aged subjects (1891 men and 2368 women) from the baseline examination of the XENDOS study and 1092 subjects (505 men and 587 women) from the SOS reference study were included. MEASUREMENTS: A meal pattern questionnaire describing habitual intake occasions (main meals, light meals/breakfast, snacks, drink-only), a dietary questionnaire describing habitual energy and macronutrient intake and a questionnaire assessing physical activity at work and during leisure time were used. RESULTS: The obese group consumed snacks more frequently compared to the reference group (P<0.001) and women more frequently than men (P<0.001). Energy intake increased with increasing snacking frequency, irrespective of physical activity. Statistically significant differences in trends were found for cakes/cookies, candies/chocolate and desserts for the relation between energy intake and snacking frequency, where energy intake increased more by snacking frequency in obese subjects than in reference subjects. CONCLUSION: Obese subjects were more frequent snackers than reference subjects and women were more frequent snackers than men. Snacks were positively related to energy intake, irrespective of physical activity. Sweet, fatty food groups were associated with snacking and contributed considerably to energy intake. Snacking needs to be considered in obesity treatment, prevention and general dietary recommendations.
  • Brandhagen, Martin, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • Alcohol and macronutrient intake patterns are related to general and central adiposity.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European journal of clinical nutrition. - 1476-5640. ; 66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background/Objectives:Alcohol and dietary fat have high energy densities and may therefore be related to body weight and fat deposition. We studied associations between alcohol and macronutrient intake patterns and general and central adiposity.Subjects/Methods:A population-based cross-sectional study of 524 men and 611 women. The participants answered a dietary questionnaire describing habitual food consumption including intake of alcoholic beverages. Macronutrient intake was analysed in relation to anthropometric measures and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry determined body fat.Results:In women, total alcohol intake was negatively associated with body fat percentage (β:-0.67, P<0.01). In men, total alcohol intake was positively associated with sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) (β: 0.28, P=0.01). In addition, positive associations were found between intake of alcohol from spirits and body fat percentage (β: 1.17, P<0.05), SAD (β: 0.52, P<0.05) and waist circumference (β: 2.29, P=0.01). In men, protein intake was positively associated with body mass index (BMI) (β: 0.03, P=0.001), body fat percentage (β: 0.04, P<0.05), SAD (β: 0.02, P=0.01) and waist circumference (β: 0.09, P<0.01). Also in men only, negative associations between fat intake and BMI (β: -0.03, P<0.01), SAD (β: -0.02, P<0.05) and waist circumference (β: -0.05, P<0.05) were found.Conclusions:Alcohol intake was inversely associated to relative body fat in women whereas spirits consumption was positively related to central and general obesity in men. Macronutrient intakes, particularly protein and fat, were differently associated with obesity indicators in men versus women. This may reflect a differential effect by gender, or differential obesity related reporting errors in men and women.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 16 November 2011; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2011.189.
  • Larsson, Ingrid, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Body composition in the SOS (Swedish Obese Subjects) reference study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Obesity. ; 28, s. 1317-1324
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Department of Body Composition and Metabolism, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, SE 41345 Göteborg, Sweden. lars.sjostrom@medfak.gu.se OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to establish population-based, sex- and age-specific reference data with respect to body composition variables. Secondary objectives were to relate body mass index (BMI) to anthropometric measurements reflecting central adiposity and to body fat (BF). Another objective was to examine if secular changes in adipose tissue distribution occurred during the sampling period, 1994-1999. DESIGN: Sex- and age-specific data on anthropometric measurements and body composition were cross-sectionally collected in the reference study of Swedish Obese Subjects. SUBJECTS: In total, 1135 randomly selected subjects (524 men and 611 women), aged 37-61 y, BMI 17.6-45.4 kg/m(2). MEASUREMENTS: Measures of body fatness and fat distribution (by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and anthropometry) were collected. RESULTS: At BMI 25 kg/m(2), relative (absolute) BF mass was 24% (19 kg) in men vs 36% (25 kg) in women, waist circumference was 90 vs 85 cm, and sagittal trunk diameter was 21 vs 19 cm. BF and measures of centralized adipose tissue distribution increased with age in both sexes (P<0.01). In women, waist circumference and sagittal diameter increased (P<0.01) over the sampling period while BMI did not. CONCLUSIONS: Sex- and age-specific reference data on body composition are reported from a randomly selected sample of Swedish men and women. At given BMIs, women had more BF but smaller waist circumference than men. Secular increases in indices of central obesity were found in women but not in men. PMID: 15314632 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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