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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Tidskriftsartikel > Campbell Eleanor E B 1960

  • Resultat 1-10 av 81
  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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1.
  • Axelsson, S., et al. (författare)
  • Theoretical and experimental investigations of three-terminal carbon nanotube nanorelays
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: New J. Phys. - 1367-2630. ; 7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present theoretical and experimental investigations of three-terminal nanoelectromechanical relays based on suspended carbon nanotubes. A charge is induced in the nanotube by applying a voltage to an underlying gate electrode thus inducing the nanotube to bend and make contact with a drain electrode. Such devices have potential applications as fast switches, logic devices, memory elements and pulse generators. We describe two modes of operation: a contact mode where the nanotube makes physical contact with the drain electrode and a non-contact mode where electrical contact between the nanotube and the drain electrode is made via a field emission current.
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2.
  • Bengtsson, Stefan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Carbon-based nanoelectromechanical devices
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems. - 1793-6438. ; 20:1, s. 195
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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3.
  • Boyle, Mark, et al. (författare)
  • Excitation dynamics of Rydberg states in C60
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal D. - 1434-6060. ; 36, s. 339-351
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electron and nuclear dynamics of C60 fullerenes irradiated with femtosecond laser pulses are investigated with photoelectron and photoion spectroscopy. The focus of this work is the detailed exploration of the population mechanism of Rydberg levels within the excitation process of neutral C60. The effect of excitation wavelength, intensity, chirp, and polarization on the kinetic energy distribution of photoelectrons in single-pulse experiments gives first insight into the underlying processes. In combination with time-resolved two-color pump-probe spectroscopy depending on either pump, or probe pulse intensity, a more complete picture of the interaction can be drawn. The results point towards a very interesting but nevertheless complex behavior including four steps: (i) non-adiabatic multielectron excitation of the HOMO (hu) → LUMO+1 (t1g) transition; (ii) thermalization within the hot electron cloud on a time scale below 100 fs, followed by a coupling of energy to vibrational modes of the molecule via doorway state(s); (iii) population of electronically excited Rydberg states by multiphoton absorption, and (iv) single photon ionization from the excited Rydberg states. This excitation process results in a characteristic sequence of photoelectron lines in the photoemission spectra. The comparison of the experimental results with recent theoretical work gives convincing evidence that non-adiabatic multielectron dynamics (NMED) plays a key role for the understanding of the response of C60 to short-pulse laser radiation.
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4.
  • Boyle, Mark, et al. (författare)
  • Two colour pump-probe study and internal energy dependence of Rydberg state excitation
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A. - 1050-2947. ; 70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Excitation of Rydberg states in isolated C60 is studied by time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy in a femtosecond two-color pump-probe experiment. The relaxation time for electron-electron interaction is determined to be approximately 100 fs with the t1g(LUMO + 1) orbital being considered to define the doorway state in a nonadiabatic multielectron excitation process. The internal energy stored in vibrational modes of the C60 at 770 K is found to support the excitation process very efficiently while in "cold" C60 (80 K), no significant Rydberg population is detected.
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5.
  • Bulgakov, Alexander, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Phosphorus cluster production by laser ablation
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics A. - 0947-8396. ; 79, s. 1369-1372
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutral and charged phosphorus clusters of a wide size range have been produced by pulsed laser ablation (PLA) in vacuum at 532, 337, and 193 nm ablating wavelengths and investigated by time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The neutral Pn clusters are even-numbered with local abundance maxima at n=10 and 14, while the cationic and anionic clusters are preferentially odd-numbered with P7+, P21+, and P17- being the most abundant ions. The dominance of the magic clusters is more pronounced at 337-nm ablation that is explained by efficient direct ejection of their building blocks under these conditions. Nanocrystalline phosphorus films have been produced by PLA in ambient helium gas.
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6.
  • Bulgakova, Nadya, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • A general continuum approach to describe fast electronic transport in pulsed laser irradiated materials: the problem of Coulomb explosion
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics A. - 0947-8396. ; 81, s. 345-356
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a continuum model, based on a drift-diffusion approach, aimed at describing the dynamics of electronic excitation, heating, and charge-carrier transport in different materials (metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics) under femtosecond and nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation. The laser-induced charging of the targets is investigated at laser intensities above the material removal threshold. It is demonstrated that, for near-infrared femtosecond irradiation, charging of dielectric surfaces causes a sub-picosecond electrostatic rupture of the superficial layers, alternatively called Coulomb explosion (CE), while this effect is strongly inhibited for metals and semiconductors as a consequence of superior carrier transport properties. On the other hand, application of the model to UV nanosecond pulsed laser interaction with bulk silicon has pointed out the possibility of Coulomb explosion in semiconductors. For such regimes a simple analytical theory for the threshold laser fluence of CE has been developed, showing results in agreement with the experimental observations. Various related aspects concerning the possibility of CE depending on different irradiation parameters (fluence, wavelength and pulse duration) and material properties are discussed. This includes the temporal and spatial dynamics of charge-carrier generation in non-metallic targets and evolution of the reflection and absorption characteristics.
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7.
  • Bulgakova, Nadya, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Electronic transport and consequences for material removal in ultrafst pulsed laser ablation of materials
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. - 1098-0121. ; 69
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fast electronic transport is investigated theoretically based on a drift-diffusion approach for different classes of materials (metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics) under ultrafast, pulsed laser irradiation. The simulations are performed at intensities above the material removal threshold, characteristic for the ablation regime. The laser-induced charging of dielectric surfaces causes a subpicosecond electrostatic rupture of the superficial layers, an effect which, in comparison, is strongly inhibited for metals and semiconductors as a consequence of superior carrier transport properties.
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8.
  • Bulgakova, Nadya, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Model description of surface charging during ultrafast pulsed laser ablationof materials
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics A. - 0947-8396. ; 79, s. 1153-1155
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a model describing the dynamical mechanisms responsible for generating fast ion ejection under ultra-short pulsed laser irradiation. The model is based on a simplified drift–diffusion approach describing the evolution of the laser-generated charge carriers, their transport, and the electric field generated as a result of quasi-neutrality breaking in the irradiated target. The importance of different processes in generating the non-thermal material-ejection mechanisms is discussed. A common frame is applied to dielectrics, semiconductors, and metals and different dynamical behaviour is observed. The modelling results are in good agreement with fs pump–probe studies and measurements of the velocity distributions of the emitted ions.
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9.
  • Bulgakova, Nadya, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Possible role of charge transport in enhanced carbon nanotube growth
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics A. - 0947-8396. ; 85, s. 109-116
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We consider the role of electric fields during metal-catalysed thermal chemical vapour deposition growth of carbon nanotubes and show that enhanced growth occurs from a negatively biased electrode. An electric field, applied externally to the growing tubes and/or generated as a result of electron emission or self-biasing, may strongly affect the carbon supply through the catalyst nanoparticle, enhancing the growth rate. Different aspects of the growth process are analysed: the nature of the nanoparticle catalysis, carbon dissolution kinetics, electron emission from the nanotube tips, charge transport in the nanotube-catalytic nanoparticle system and carbon drift and diffusion through the catalyst under the action of the electric field. A fundamental tenet for modelling of charge-transport dynamics during the nanotube growth process is proposed.
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10.
  • Bulgakova, Nadya, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Surface charging under pulsed laser ablation of solids and its consequences: studies with a continuum approach
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: SPIE Proceedings. - 0277-786X. ; 5714, s. 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dynamics of electronic excitation, heating and charge-carrier transport in different materials (metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics) under femtosecond pulsed laser irradiation is studied based on a unified continuum model. A simplified drift-diffusion approach is used to model the energy flow into the sample in the first hundreds of femtoseconds of the interaction. The laser-induced charging of the targets is investigated at laser intensities slightly above the material removal threshold. It is demonstrated that, under near-infrared femtosecond irradiation regimes, charging of dielectric surfaces causes a sub-picosecond electrostatic rupture of the superficial layers, alternatively called Coulomb explosion (CE), while this effect is strongly inhibited for metals and semiconductors as a consequence of superior carrier transport properties. Various related aspects concerning the possibility of CE for different irradiation parameters (fluence, wavelength and pulse duration) as well as the limitations of the model are discussed. These include the temporal and spatial dynamics of charge-carrier generation in non-metallic targets and evolution of the optical (reflection and absorption) characteristics. A controversial topic concerning CE probability in laser irradiated semiconductor targets is also a subject of this work.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 81
  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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