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Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;mspu:(report);pers:(Eggert Håkan 1961)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Rapport > Eggert Håkan 1961

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1.
  • Akpalu, Wisdom, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Enforcement of Exogenous Environmental Regulations, Social Disapproval, and Bribery
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Many resource users are not directly involved in the formulation and enforcement of resource management rules and regulations in developing countries. As a result, resource users do not generally accept such rules. Enforcement officers who have social ties to the resource users may encounter social disapproval and possible social exclusion from the resource users if they enforce regulations zealously. The officers, however, may avoid this social disapproval by accepting bribes. In this paper, we present a simple model that characterizes this situation and derives results for situations where officers are passively and actively involved in the bribery.
2.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Are Commercial Fishers Risk Lovers?
  • 2003
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Empirical studies of fishers´ preferences have found that most fishers are risk-averse, while expected-utility theory predicts risk neutrality even for sizable stakes. We test this prediction using data from a stated choice experiment with Swedish commercial fishers. Our results show that almost 900f the respondents do not behave as expected-utility maximizers. 480f the fishers can be broadly characterized as risk-neutral, 26% as modestly risk-averse, while 26% are strongly risk-averse. Fishers are more risk-neutral the higher the fraction of their household´s income comes from fishing, while fishers with a positive attitude to individual quotas are more risk-averse. Sensitivity testing implies that decisions with modest stakes like a few days of fishing are not influenced by wealth level.
3.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of Global Fisheries on Developing Countries Possibilities for Income and Threat of Depletion
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study deals with fisheries and trade, focusing on developing countries. Fish is globally traded, and for many developing countries, it is an important net export good. In most of these countries, fisheries are often characterized by poorly defined property rights, accompanied by overcapitalization where too many vessels and fishermen catch too few fish from too small stocks. Management is often de facto open access, where vessels with or without permission to fish land as much as they can catch due to limited monitoring and enforcement activities. Even in developed countries, many fisheries are poorly managed, and recent studies indicate that marine ecosystems are in global decline. While trade generally is beneficial for growth and welfare, the combination of pure open access and trade liberalization may both reduce welfare and stocks for a country—an outcome that can be reinforced by the common use of bad subsidies. However, trade liberalization may have an additional positive impact by promoting the development of property rights in response to increased fish exploitation. The WTO can play a role by adopting a broader classification of subsidies to help eliminate bad subsidies, such as like public support of vessel construction, fuel subsidies, or fishing rights outside developing coastal countries provided at limited or zero cost. The WTO can also ssist by distinguishing good subsidies (e.g., improving fisheries management or improving monitoring and enforcement), which are desirable targets when rich countries allocate aid resource to developing countries.
4.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961- (författare)
  • Fisheries Economics and 20 years with Marine Resource Economics: A Citation Analysis
  • 2006
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper reviews the impact of articles published in the Marine Resource Economics and within the field of fisheries economics in general over the period 1954-2004. Specific attention is given to the years 1984-2004, which is the period that Marine Resource Economics have been published. The degree of influence is assessed using citation analysis. I present the most cited papers in Marine Resource, the top ten all time cited fisheries economics papers and the most cited papers during each decade over the last 30 years. By analysing the trend of recently published papers, I can assess which ones are projected to be most influential.
5.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Heterogeneous preferences for marine amenities: A choice experiment applied to water quality
  • 2004
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The marine environment provides many goods and services dependent upon the quality of coastal waters. In this paper, we represent water quality by three different attributes, fish stock level, bathing water quality, and biodiversity level, and carry out a choice experiment among residents on the Swedish west coast to estimate the economic benefits of improved coastal water quality. We analyze data using the mixed multinomial logit model and explore various distributional assumptions and derive individual-specific parameters. Our results confirm heterogeneous preferences for these attributes and show that respondents have high levels of environmental concern and that substantial values are at stake. The most urgent action according to our findings is firstly to prevent further depletion of marine biodiversity and secondly to improve Swedish cod stocks.
6.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961- (författare)
  • Jens Warming (1931) on Open Access, Pigovian Tax, and Property Rights
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This article summarizes the contribution in fisheries economics by the Danish economist Jens Warming and gives a translation of his article “Aalegaardsretten” (The Danish Right to Eel Weir, 1931). Warming, provides an early reference on the problem of open access, precedes Arthur Pigou in suggesting an optimal tax as a correction measure, which I refer to as a Warming landing tax in fisheries, and explains how property rights in fisheries will lead to maximized resource rent and prevent overfishing. What is missing in Warming’s description of the problem is the dynamic aspect and that the economics of natural resources should be analyzed in a capital theoretic framework, which was later established by Anthony Scott (1955a; 1955b).
7.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • On blending mandates, border tax adjustment and import standards for biofuels
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The transport sector is a major contributor to green house gas (GHG) emissions and its share is increasing. Biofuels may pro- vide an option to replace fossil fuels and generate an increasing worldwide interest. Rich countries like the US and the European Union ha idies for domestic producers, while applying tari¤s for some of the foreign producers. Mid income and poor countries do not have binding restrictions on carbon emissions in the Ky- oto treaty, but may have great potential for producing biofuels both for domestic and foreign use. In this paper we study trade policies for biofuels. We nd that only by combining an import standard with border tax adjustment the government can ensure cost e¢ cient production of biofuels from a global point of view. We also consider a blending mandate. This fundamentally al- ters the way the market works. For instance, if domestic biofuels production is subsidized, the optimal BTA may be negative.
8.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Policies for second generation biofuels: Current status and future challenges
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This report reviews the current status of second generation biofuels. First generation biofuels continue to be substantially subsidized, and this has contributed to the increasing use of such fuel. However, recent studies claim that the future of biofuels lies in second generation biofuels, in particular biochemical ethanol made from cellulose. Thus, in this report we ask the following three questions: How far is second generation biofuels from being a competitive GHG abatement technology? Is it likely that first generation biofuels will bridge the development of second generation biofuels? Should trade policy be used to protect domestic infant second generation biofuels industry from import of low cost first generation biofuels from developing countries?
9.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Reference-dependent behaviour of paua (abalone) divers in New Zealand
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We study dynamic labour supply using data on paua (abalone) divers in New Zealand. The divers face stable, flat prices per kilogram after each catch, but experience transitory wage changes due to varying weather and water conditions, and are free to vary their daily working hours and display an intermittent working pattern. We find non-linear wage elasticities, rejecting the standard neo-classical prediction. We explore potentially distorting factors, but find little evidence. Applying Kőszegi and Rabin’s (2006) theory where workers have both income and hours targets could explain our result. In particular, our divers appear to be primarily guided by the hours target.
10.
  • Eggert, Håkan, 1961-, et al. (författare)
  • Regulatory Compliance in Lake Victoria Fisheries
  • 2005
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper analyzes the causes for regulatory compliance using traditional deterrence variables and potential moral and social variables. We use self-reported data from Tanzanian artisanal fishers in Lake Victoria. The results indicate that fishers adjust their violation rates with respect to changes in the probability of detection and punishment, but they also react to legitimacy and social variables. A small group of persistent violators react neither to normative aspects nor to traditional deterrence variables, but systematically violate the regulation and use bribes to avoid punishment.
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