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1.
  • Ahlerup, Pelle, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Gold mining and education: a long-run resource curse in Africa?
  • 2016
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We provide micro-level evidence on an important channel through which mineral resources may adversely affect development in the long-run: lower educational attainment. Combining Afrobarometer survey data with geocoded data on the discovery and shutdown dates of of gold mines, we show that respondents who had a gold mine within their district when they were in adolescence have significantly lower educational attainment. These results are robust to the omission of individual countries, different definitions of adulthood, the use of alternative data from the Development and Health Surveys (DHS), and buffer-based approaches to define neighborhood. Regarding mechanisms, we conclude that the educational costs of mines are likely due to households making myopic educational decisions when employment in gold mining is an alternative. We explore and rule out competing mechanism such as endogenous migration, a lower provision of public goods by the government, and a higher propensity for violent conflicts in gold mining districts.
2.
  • Ahlerup, Pelle, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Government Impartiality and Sustained Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: World Development. - 0305-750X. ; 83:7, s. 54-69
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many studies suggest that one of the main reasons for Africa’s dismal growth performance over most of the 20th century is its degree of ethnic fragmentation. Yet, there is still insufficient knowledge about whether ethnic diversity necessarily entails large economic costs, or whether the implications of diversity depend, inter alia, on the government’s approach toward the ethnic question. We note that economic growth tends to increase average incomes, but it also affects the income distribution. Then, if growth is accompanied by growing economic inequality, the perception of the impartiality of the government toward different ethnic groups is likely to be important for whether growth can be sustained, or whether sparks of growth will evaporate because of rising political divisions and internal conflicts. In this paper, we study whether the degree of ethnic impartiality in the government’s policies is related to the emergence of sustained growth in sub-Saharan Africa, irrespective of the actual content of the policies. We measure perceptions about the impartiality of the government with survey data from the Afrobarometer covering 20 countries starting in the late 1990 s. Our main definition of sustained growth is when there is a GDP per capita growth rate of at least 2% for at least five consecutive years. Our empirical results suggest that countries whose governments are perceived as impartial are more likely to experience sustained growth. We conclude that in order to ensure economic development, it is not only important to choose the ‘‘right” policies, but also to implement these policies in a fair manner.
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3.
  • Ahlerup, Pelle, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Tax Innovations and Public Revenues in Africa
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Development Studies. - 0022-0388. ; 51:6, s. 689-706
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the effect of two tax innovations – value added taxes (VAT) and autonomous revenue authorities (ARA) – on tax revenues in sub-Saharan Africa. The dataset consists of 47 countries over 1980–2010. We find that VATs have no effect on total tax revenues, neither in the short- nor in the long-run. ARAs lead to higher tax revenues in the short- and medium-run, but the effect dissipates over time. The main conclusion is that tax innovations are not a panacea to overcome the revenue shortages in African countries, but they are helpful in the short- and medium-run.
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4.
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5.
  • Baskaran, Thushyanthan, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Fiscal Capacity and Government Accountability in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Historical evidence from the developed world suggests that the expansion of the mod- ern states’ fiscal capacity (i. e. its ability to tax citizens) eventually led to more democratic and less corrupt governments. Since sub-Saharan African countries are currently in a pro- cess of state building, we study whether a positive effect of fiscal capacity on government accountability prevails in contemporaneous sub-Saharan Africa, too. We conduct the em- pirical analysis with data covering 23 African countries over the 1960-2008 period. The results suggest that fiscal capacity increases government accountability in sub-Saharan Africa.
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6.
  • Baskaran, Thushyanthan, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Fiscal Capacity and the Quality of Government in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: World Development. - 0305-750X. ; 45, s. 92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Historical evidence from the industrialized world suggests that the expansion of the modern state’s capacity to tax eventually led to more democratic and less corrupt governments. Using a dataset that covers 31 sub-Saharan African countries over the 1990–2005 period, we study whether the positive effect of fiscal capacity on the quality of government prevails in contemporaneous sub-Saharan Africa as well. The results provide consistent evidence that within sub-Saharan Africa, fiscal capacity decreases corruption and increases democracy.
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7.
  • Baskaran, Thushyanthan, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Political decentralisation and the effectiveness of aid
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Globalization and Development. Rethinking interventions and governance. - Abingdon (UK) and New York : Routledge. - 978-0-415-63568-4 ; s. 43-72
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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8.
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9.
  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947- (författare)
  • Africa in the Global Economy
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Effect of the World Crisis on Africa and the Influence of Crisis Processes in Africa on the "Northern" Countries: Proceedings from conference at the Institute of African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, June 16, 2009. - Moscow : Institute of African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. ; s. 30-49
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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10.
  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • African Firms in the Global Economy
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Review of Market Integration. ; 2:2 & 3, s. 229-253
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  •  
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