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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Blennow Kaj 1958 > Pedersen Nancy L. > Göteborgs universitet > Reynolds Chandra A

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  • Bennet, Anna M, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic association of sequence variants near AGER/NOTCH4 and dementia.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. - 1875-8908. ; 24:3, s. 475-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We performed a survey of sequence variation in a series of 20 genes involved in inflammation-related pathways for association with dementia risk in twin and unrelated case-control samples consisting in total of 1462 Swedish dementia casesand 1929 controls. For a total of 218 tested genetic markers, strong evidence was obtained implicating a region near AGER and NOTCH4 on chromosome 6p with replication across both samples and maximum combined significance at marker rs1800625 (OR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.19–1.56, p = 1.36×10(–6)). Imputation of the associated genomic interval provided an improved signal atrs8365, near the 3UTR of AGER (p = 7.34×10(–7)). The associated region extends 120 kb encompassing 11 candidate genes.While AGER encodes a key receptor for amyloid-β protein, an analysis of network context based upon genes now confirmed to contribute to dementia risk (AβPP, PSEN1, PSEN2, CR1, CLU, PICALM, and APOE) suggested strong functional coupling to NOTCH4, with no significant coupling to the remaining candidates. The implicated region occurs in the broad HLA locus on chromosome 6p, but associated markers were not in strong LD with known variants that regulate HLA gene function, suggesting that this may represent a signal distinct from immune-system pathways.
  • Bennet, Anna M, et al. (författare)
  • Pleiotropy in the Presence of Allelic Heterogeneity: Alternative Genetic Models for the Influence of APOE on Serum LDL, CSF Amyloid-β42, and Dementia.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. - 1875-8908. ; 22:1, s. 129-134
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The two genetic polymorphisms, rs7412 and rs429358, that collectively form the ε2, ε3, and ε4 alleles of apolipoprotein E (APOE) are among the most widely studied sequence variants in the genome. The predominant model for testing APOE involves the haplotype combinations of ε2, ε3, and ε4 and has been basis of associations with dementia, atherosclerosis, and serum lipid levels. Here, we demonstrate the functional independence of these two component sites, with rs7412 contributing to the majority of variance in serum LDL (p=10-20), whereas rs429358 alone influences variance in CSF amyloid-β42 (Aβ42) (p=10-17). This latter relationship is also reflected in the association of APOE with dementia, where rs429358 strongly influences disease (p=10-67), but rs7412 does not. Models based upon ε2, ε3, and ε4 explained less variance for both dementia risk and CSF Aβ42 than did rs429358 alone. When adjusted for CSF Aβ42, the association of rs429358 with dementia is greatly reduced but remains significant indicating that APOE polymorphism influences disease by additional mechanisms distinct from Aβ42 metabolism. We reach four principal conclusion from this study: 1) rs429358 alone is responsible for the association of APOE with dementia; 2) The association of APOE with dementia is substantially mediated by its effect on CNS Aβ42 levels; 3) The association of APOE with dementia is not mediated by its impact on peripheral lipid metabolism; and 4) The dichotomy of effects of rs429358 and rs7412 represents one of the best examples of genetic pleiotropy for complex traits known and illustrates the importance of allelic heterogeneity in APOE.
  • Reynolds, Chandra A, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of lipid pathway genes indicates association of sequence variation near SREBF1/TOM1L2/ATPAF2 with dementia risk.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Human molecular genetics. - 1460-2083. ; 19:10, s. 2068-2078
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We conducted dense linkage disequilibrium mapping of a series of 25 genes putatively involved in lipid metabolism in 1567 dementia cases (including 1270 with Alzheimer disease) and 2203 Swedish controls. Across a total of 448 tested genetic markers, the strongest evidence of association was as anticipated for APOE (rs429358 at p approximately 10(-72)) followed by a previously reported association of ABCA1 (rs2230805 at p approximately 10(-8)). In the present study we report two additional markers near the SREBF1 locus on chromosome 17p that were also significant after multiple testing correction (best p=3.1 x 10(-6) for marker rs3183702). There was no convincing evidence of association for remaining genes, including candidates highlighted from recent genome-wide association studies of plasma lipids (CELSR2/PSRC1/SORT1, MLXIPL, PCSK9, GALNT2, and GCKR). The associated markers near SREBF1 reside in a large linkage disequilibrium block, extending more than 400kb across 7 candidate genes. Secondary analyses of gene expression levels of candidates spanning the LD region together with an investigation of gene network context highlighted two possible susceptibility genes including ATPAF2 and TOM1L2. Several markers in strong LD (r(2)>0.7) with rs3183702 were found to be significantly associated with AD risk in recent genome-wide association studies with similar effect sizes, providing independent support of the current findings.
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