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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Dahlöf Björn 1953 > Uppsala universitet

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  • Kaschina, E., et al. (författare)
  • Angiotensin II type 2 receptor stimulation: a novel option of therapeutic interference with the renin-angiotensin system in myocardial infarction?
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - 1524-4539. ; 118:24, s. 2523-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: This study is the first to examine the effect of direct angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor stimulation on postinfarct cardiac function with the use of the novel nonpeptide AT(2) receptor agonist compound 21 (C21). METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in Wistar rats by permanent ligation of the left coronary artery. Treatment with C21 (0.01, 0.03, 0.3 mg/kg per day IP) was started 24 hours after MI and was continued until euthanasia (7 days after MI). Infarct size was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging, and hemodynamic measurements were performed via transthoracic Doppler echocardiography and intracardiac Millar catheter. Cardiac tissues were analyzed for inflammation and apoptosis markers with immunoblotting and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. C21 significantly improved systolic and diastolic ventricular function. Scar size was smallest in the C21-treated rats. In regard to underlying mechanisms, C21 diminished MI-induced Fas-ligand and caspase-3 expression in the peri-infarct zone, indicating an antiapoptotic effect. Phosphorylation of the p44/42 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases, both involved in the regulation of cell survival, was strongly reduced after MI but almost completely rescued by C21 treatment. Furthermore, C21 decreased MI-induced serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and myeloperoxidase as well as cardiac interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, and interleukin-2 expression, suggesting an antiinflammatory effect. CONCLUSIONS: Direct AT(2) receptor stimulation may be a novel therapeutic approach to improve post-MI systolic and diastolic function by antiapoptotic and antiinflammatory mechanisms.
  • Lauer, D., et al. (författare)
  • Angiotensin type 2 receptor stimulation ameliorates left ventricular fibrosis and dysfunction via regulation of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1/matrix metalloproteinase 9 axis and transforming growth factor beta1 in the rat heart
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 1524-45630194-911X. ; 63:3, s. 60-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is the main reason for the development of progressive cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). This study investigated whether stimulation of the angiotensin type 2 receptor is able to ameliorate post-MI cardiac remodeling and what the underlying mechanisms may be. MI was induced in Wistar rats by permanent ligation of the left coronary artery. Treatment with the angiotensin type 2 receptor agonist compound 21 (0.03 mg/kg) was started 6 hours post-MI and continued for 6 weeks. Hemodynamic parameters were measured by echocardiography and intracardiac catheter. Effects on proteolysis were studied in heart tissue and primary cardiac fibroblasts. Compound 21 significantly improved systolic and diastolic functions, resulting in improved ejection fraction (71.2+/-4.7% versus 53.4+/-7.0%; P<0.001), fractional shortening (P<0.05), LV internal dimension in systole (P<0.05), LV end-diastolic pressure (16.9+/-1.2 versus 22.1+/-1.4 mm Hg; P<0.05), ratio of early (E) to late (A) ventricular filling velocities, and maximum and minimum rate of LV pressure rise (P<0.05). Compound 21 improved arterial stiffness parameters and reduced collagen content in peri-infarct myocardium. Tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 was strongly upregulated, whereas matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 and transforming growth factor beta1 were diminished in LV of treated animals. In cardiac fibroblasts, compound 21 initially induced tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 expression followed by attenuated matrix metalloproteinase 9 and transforming growth factor beta1 secretion. In conclusion, angiotensin type 2 receptor stimulation improves cardiac function and prevents cardiac remodeling in the late stage after MI, suggesting that angiotensin type 2 receptor agonists may be considered a future pharmacological approach for the improvement of post-MI cardiac dysfunction.
  • Steckelings, U. M., et al. (författare)
  • Non-peptide AT2-receptor agonists
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Current opinion in pharmacology. - 1471-4973. ; 11:2, s. 187-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The renin-angiotensin-system harbours two main receptor subtypes binding angiotensin II which are the AT1-receptor and the AT2-receptor. While the AT1-receptor has been a drug target in cardiovascular disease for many years, the AT2-receptor was only a subject of academic interest. This has changed with the design and synthesis of a first non-peptide, orally active AT2-receptor agonist, compound 21 (C21). First data using 021 revealed tissue protective effects and functional improvement after myocardial infarction and in hypertension-induced end organ damage, notably in a blood-pressure independent way. In all of these models, AT2-receptor mediated anti-inflammation seemed an important underlying mechanism. 021 is awaited to enter a phase I clinical study in 2011.
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