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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Dahlöf Björn 1953 > Bella J. N.

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1.
  • Bella, J. N., et al. (författare)
  • Sex-related difference in regression of left ventricular hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 411-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While left ventricular (LV) structure and function differ between hypertensive women and men, it remains unclear whether sex affects regression of LV hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment. We analysed paired echocardiograms in 500 men and 347 women enrolled in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study at baseline and after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment with either losartan or atenolol. At enrollment, 177 women and 242 men were randomized to losartan-based treatment and 161 women and 247 men were randomized to atenolol-based treatment (sex difference=NS). After 12 months of antihypertensive treatment, blood pressure was lowered similarly in women (152/83 from 174/97 mmHg) and men (149/85 from 173/99 mmHg; both P<0.001, sex difference=NS), without significant change in body weight in either sex. Cardiac output and pulse pressure/stroke volume were equivalently reduced in both sexes (-0.2 vs -0.1 l/min and both -0.20 mmHg/ml/m(2), respectively; both P=NS). Absolute LV mass change after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment was greater in men than in women (-30 vs -24 g, P=0.01). However, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, LV mass reduction was greater in women than in men (-33 vs -23 g, P=0.001). LV mass regression was greater in women, by 8.0+/-2.8 g, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment. After consideration of baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, antihypertensive treatment regressed LV hypertrophy more in women. Further studies are needed to identify the mechanisms and prognostic implications of this sex-related difference.
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2.
  • Olsen, M. H., et al. (författare)
  • Albuminuria predicts cardiovascular events independently of left ventricular mass in hypertension: a LIFE substudy
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 453-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We wanted to investigate whether urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) and left ventricular (LV) mass, both being associated with diabetes and increased blood pressure, predicted cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension independently. After 2 weeks of placebo treatment, clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic variables were assessed in 960 hypertensive patients from the LIFE Echo substudy with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy. Morning urine albumin and creatinine were measured to calculate UACR. The patients were followed for 60+/-4 months and the composite end point (CEP) of cardiovascular (CV) death, nonfatal stroke or nonfatal myocardial infarction was recorded. The incidence of CEP increased with increasing LV mass (below the lower quartile of 194 g to above the upper quartile of 263 g) in patients with UACR below (6.7, 5.0, 9.1%) and above the median value of 1.406 mg/mmol (9.7, 17.0, 19.0%(***)). Also the incidence of CV death increased with LV mass in patients with UACR below (0, 1.4, 1.3%) and above 1.406 mg/mmol (2.2, 6.4, 8.0%(**)). The incidence of CEP was predicted by logUACR (hazard ratio (HR)=1.44(**) for every 10-fold increase in UACR) after adjustment for Framingham risk score (HR=1.05(***)), history of peripheral vascular disease (HR=2.3(*)) and cerebrovascular disease (HR=2.1(*)). LV mass did not enter the model. LogUACR predicted CV death (HR=2.4(**)) independently of LV mass (HR=1.01(*) per gram) after adjustment for Framingham risk score (HR=1.05(*)), history of diabetes mellitus (HR=2.4(*)) and cerebrovascular disease (HR=3.2(*)). (*)P<0.05, (**)P<0.01, (***)P<0.001. In conclusion, UACR predicted CEP and CV death independently of LV mass. CV death was predicted by UACR and LV mass in an additive manner after adjustment for Framingham risk score and history of CV disease.
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3.
  • Olsen, M. H., et al. (författare)
  • Aortic valve sclerosis and albuminuria predict cardiovascular events independently in hypertension: a losartan intervention for endpoint-reduction in hypertension (LIFE) substudy
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Am J Hypertens. - 0895-7061. ; 18:11, s. 1430-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Aortic valve (AV) sclerosis and urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) are both markers of atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate whether they predicted cardiovascular (CV) events independently in patients with hypertension and electrocardiographic left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. METHODS: After 2 weeks of placebo treatment, clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic variables were assessed in 960 hypertensive patients from the LIFE Echo substudy who had electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy. Morning urine albumin and creatinine were measured calculating UACR. The presence of AV sclerosis was defined as valve thickening or calcification. Fifteen patients with mild AV stenosis were excluded. The patients were followed for 60 +/- 4 months and the composite endpoint (CEP) of CV death, nonfatal stroke, or nonfatal myocardial infarction was recorded. RESULTS: A value of UACR above the median value of 1.406 was associated with higher incidence of CEP and CV death in patients with AV sclerosis (CEP: 18.8% v 9.0% P < 0.05, CV death: 7.1% v 0.7% P < 0.01) and in patients without AV sclerosis (CEP: 14.0% v 4.9% P < 0.001, CV death: 5.1% v 1.1% P < 0.01). In Cox regression analysis, AV sclerosis predicted CEP (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.52, P < .05), but not CV death (HR = 1.30 [0.62 to 2.70], NS) independently of logUACR (HR = 1.70 and HR = 3.25, both P < .001). After adjusting for the Framingham Risk Score, CV disease, diabetes, smoking, and treatment allocation, AV sclerosis predicted CEP (HR = 1.5, P < .05) but not CV death (HR = 1.4, NS) independently of logUACR (HR = 1.2, P = .09 and HR = 1.94, P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: In hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy, AV sclerosis predicted CEP but not CV death independently of UACR after adjusting for CV risk factors and treatment allocation, indicating that AV sclerosis and UACR might be markers of different aspects of the atherosclerotic process.
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4.
  • Olsen, M. H., et al. (författare)
  • Effect of losartan versus atenolol on aortic valve sclerosis (a LIFE substudy)
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Am J Cardiol. - 0002-9149. ; 94:8, s. 1076-80
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neither losartan- nor atenolol-based antihypertensive regimens could prevent the progression of aortic valve (AV) sclerosis in elderly, high-risk hypertensive patients, and the regression of AV sclerosis did not translate into reduced cardiovascular risk.
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5.
  • Palmieri, V., et al. (författare)
  • Electrocardiographic characteristics and metabolic risk factors associated with inappropriately high left ventricular mass in patients with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE Study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: J Hypertens. - 0263-6352. ; 25:5, s. 1079-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: To investigate electrocardiographic (ECG) and metabolic abnormalities associated with left ventricular (LV) mass inappropriately high for workload and body size (termed 'inappropriate left ventricular mass'; ILVM) in hypertensive patients with ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: In patients enrolled in the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction (LIFE) Echocardiographic Substudy, LV structure and functions were assessed by echocardiography; Sokolow-Lyon and Cornell voltage, QRS duration, Cornell voltage-duration product and ST strain pattern in leads V5-V6 were evaluated on standard ECG tracings. ILVM was defined as observed LV mass greater than 128% of that predicted by sex, body size and stroke work. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, compared with subjects with appropriate LV mass (n = 593), ILVM (n = 348) was associated with older age, diabetes, higher body mass index, lower systolic blood pressure, higher serum creatinine and urinary albumin/creatinine levels, higher LV mass index and greater prevalence of wall motion abnormalities (all P < 0.05). ILVM was associated with higher Cornell voltage and voltage-duration product but not higher Sokolow-Lyon voltage, with longer QRS and higher prevalences of ECG ST strain and echocardiographic wall motion abnormalities, independent of covariates including echocardiographically defined LVH or LV geometry. In separate logistic models, the likelihood of ILVM was significantly related to prolonged QRS duration, higher Cornell voltage, and greater Cornell voltage-duration independently (all P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: In hypertensive patients with ECG LVH, ILVM was associated with prolonged QRS duration and higher Cornell voltage, with ECG ST strain pattern, and with echocardiographic wall motion abnormalities independent of traditionally defined LVH.
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6.
  • Palmieri, V., et al. (författare)
  • Usefulness of the assessment of the appropriateness of left ventricular mass to detect left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in absence of echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 423
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Conventional definitions of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy do not account for interindividual differences in loading conditions. We may define LV mass as inappropriately high when exceeding 128% of theoretical values predicted by gender, height(2.7), and stroke work, which explain up to 82% of the variability of LV mass in normal reference subjects. In 652 participants in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study without clinically overt cardiovascular disease or diabetes, we investigated whether inappropriately high LV mass is associated with relevant LV abnormalities independent of traditional definition of LV hypertrophy (ie, LV mass index >116 g/m(2) in men and >104 g/m(2) in women). The study sample was divided into three groups: patients with inappropriately high LV mass but without LV hypertrophy were compared to patients with LV hypertrophy and to patients with appropriate LV mass and without LV hypertrophy. Patients with inappropriately high but nonhypertrophic LV mass had higher body mass index and relative wall thickness, and lower LV myocardial systolic function, than patients with appropriate LV mass or patients with LV hypertrophy. In multivariate analyses, inappropriately high LV mass was independently associated with lower myocardial systolic function independent of LV hypertrophy and other covariates. Inappropriately high LV mass was also associated with prolonged isovolumic relaxation time and lower mitral E/A ratio independent of covariates. In conclusion, inappropriately high LV mass was associated with relevant, often preclinical, manifestations of cardiac disease in the absence of traditionally defined echocardiographic LV hypertrophy and concentric geometry.
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7.
  • Wachtell, K., et al. (författare)
  • Relation of impaired left ventricular filling to systolic midwall mechanics in hypertensive patients with normal left ventricular systolic chamber function: the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Am Heart J. - 1097-6744. ; 148:3, s. 538
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertensive left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy commonly have diastolic dysfunction with preserved LV ejection fraction. LV systolic midwall shortening (MWS) may be impaired in hypertensive patients with normal LV ejection fraction. However, it is unclear whether impaired LV filling is related to depressed systolic midwall mechanics. METHODS: Echocardiographic measures of LV diastolic filling and systolic performance were compared in 632 unmedicated patients with stage II or III hypertension and LV hypertrophy determined by electrocardiogram, with LV ejection fraction >55% and <2+ mitral regurgitation. RESULTS: Stress-corrected LV MWS, an index of myocardial contractility, was lower in patients with abnormal as opposed to normal LV filling patterns (98% +/- 12% vs 102% +/- 10%, P <.001) and in patients with prolonged as opposed to normal isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) (98% +/- 13% vs 101% +/- 12%, P =.014). Stress-corrected MWS was <85% of predicted levels in more patients with abnormal LV filling patterns (11.8% vs 6.3%) or with long IVRT (> or =105 msec) (34% vs 21%, both P <.05). In regression analyses, lower stress-corrected MWS and higher LV mass were independent correlates of longer IVRT, while lower stress-corrected MWS was the only independent correlate of prolonged mitral valve deceleration time (P =.017). Higher LV mass had strong, statistically independent relationships to longer IVRT (by 0.3 g/msec) and decreased stress-corrected MWS (by 0.5 g/%; both P <.0001), independent of body size and age. CONCLUSION: In patients with moderate hypertension and target organ damage who have normal LV ejection fraction, impaired early diastolic LV relaxation (abnormal E/A ratio, prolonged IVRT and deceleration time) is associated with impaired LV systolic midwall mechanics independent of higher LV mass.
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