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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Dahlöf Björn 1953 > Harris K. E.

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1.
  • Julius, S., et al. (författare)
  • Cardiovascular risk reduction in hypertensive black patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Am Coll Cardiol. - 0735-1097 (Print). ; 43:6, s. 1047-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: We report on a subanalysis of the effects of losartan and atenolol on cardiovascular events in black patients in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. BACKGROUND: The LIFE study compared losartan-based to atenolol-based therapy in 9,193 hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Overall, the risk of the primary composite end point (cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction) was reduced by 13% (p = 0.021) with losartan, with similar blood pressure (BP) reduction in both treatment groups. There was a suggestion of interaction between ethnic background and treatment (p = 0.057). METHODS: Exploratory analyses were performed that placed LIFE study patients into black (n = 533) and non-black (n = 8,660) categories, overall, and in the U.S. (African American [n = 523]; non-black [n = 1,184]). RESULTS: A significant interaction existed between the dichotomized groups (black/non-black) and treatment (p = 0.005); a test for qualitative interaction was also significant (p = 0.016). The hazard ratio (losartan relative to atenolol) for the primary end point favored atenolol in black patients (1.666 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.043 to 2.661]; p = 0.033) and favored losartan in non-blacks (0.829 [95% CI 0.733 to 0.938]; p = 0.003). In black patients, BP reduction was similar in both groups, and regression of electrocardiographic-LVH was greater with losartan. CONCLUSIONS: Results of the subanalysis are sufficient to generate the hypothesis that black patients with hypertension and LVH might not respond as favorably to losartan-based treatment as non-black patients with respect to cardiovascular outcomes, and do not support a recommendation for losartan as a first-line treatment for this purpose. The subanalysis is limited by the relatively small number of events.
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2.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Regression of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and decreased incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with hypertension
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Jama. - 1538-3598 (Electronic). ; 296:10, s. 1242-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of mortality and cardiovascular events, particularly stroke, making prevention of new-onset AF a clinical priority. Although the presence and severity of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) appear to predict development of AF, whether regression of electrocardiographic LVH is associated with a decreased incidence of AF is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that in-treatment regression or continued absence of electrocardiographic LVH during antihypertensive therapy is associated with a decreased incidence of AF, independent of blood pressure and treatment modality. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Double-blind, randomized, parallel-group study conducted in 1995-2001 among 8831 men and women with hypertension, aged 55-80 years (median, 67 years), with electrocardiographic LVH by Cornell voltage-duration product or Sokolow-Lyon voltage, with no history of AF, without AF on the baseline electrocardiogram, and enrolled in the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension Study. INTERVENTIONS: Losartan- or atenolol-based treatment regimens, with follow-up assessments at 6 months and then yearly until death or study end. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: New-onset AF in relation to electrocardiographic LVH determined at baseline and subsequently. Electrocardiographic LVH was measured using sex-adjusted Cornell product criteria ({R(aVL) + S(V3) [+ 6 mm in women]} x QRS duration). RESULTS: After a mean (SD) follow-up of 4.7 (1.1) years, new-onset AF occurred in 290 patients with in-treatment regression or continued absence of Cornell product LVH for a rate of 14.9 per 1000 patient-years and in 411 patients with in-treatment persistence or development of LVH by Cornell product criteria for a rate of 19.0 per 1000 patient-years. In time-dependent Cox analyses adjusted for treatment effects, baseline differences in risk factors for AF, baseline and in-treatment blood pressure, and baseline severity of electrocardiographic LVH, lower in-treatment Cornell product LVH treated as a time-varying covariate was associated with a 12.4% lower rate of new-onset AF (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.80-0.97; P = .007) for every 1050 mm x msec (per 1-SD) lower Cornell product, with persistence of the benefit of losartan vs atenolol therapy on developing AF (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.71-0.97; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Lower Cornell product electrocardiographic LVH during antihypertensive therapy is associated with a lower likelihood of new-onset AF, independent of blood pressure lowering and treatment modality in essential hypertension. These findings suggest that antihypertensive therapy targeted at regression or prevention of electrocardiographic LVH may reduce the incidence of new-onset AF.
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3.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Regression of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is associated with less hospitalization for heart failure in hypertensive patients
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Ann Intern Med. - 1539-3704 (Electronic). ; 147:5, s. 311-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Reduction of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been associated with decreased cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction, and atrial fibrillation. However, whether reduction of electrocardiographic LVH is associated with decreased heart failure is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation of reduction of electrocardiographic LVH to incident heart failure. DESIGN: Multicenter cohort study derived from a randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study. PATIENTS: 8479 hypertensive patients without history of heart failure who were randomly assigned to losartan or atenolol treatment. MEASUREMENTS: Change in Cornell product electrocardiographic LVH between baseline and in-study electrocardiograms, examined as both a continuous variable and a dichotomous variable (above or below the median decrease of 236 mm x msec) to predict heart failure hospitalization occurring after the 6-month follow-up visit. RESULTS: During mean follow-up of 4.7 years (SD, 1.1 years), 214 patients were hospitalized for heart failure (2.5%): 77 patients with an in-treatment decrease of 236 mm x msec or more (4.4 per 1000 patient-years) and 137 patients with a reduction less than 236 mm x msec during treatment (6.8 per 1000 patient-years). In a univariate Cox analysis in which change in Cornell product was treated as a time-varying continuous variable, decrease in Cornell product during treatment was associated with a decreased risk for new-onset heart failure, with a 24% lower risk for heart failure for every 817-mm x msec (1 SD of the mean) lower Cornell product (hazard ratio, 0.76 [95% CI, 0.72 to 0.80]). In a parallel analysis in which change in Cornell product was entered as a time-varying dichotomous variable, a greater-than-median in-treatment decrease in Cornell product (236 mm x msec) was associated with a 43% lower risk for heart failure (hazard ratio, 0.57 [CI, 0.44 to 0.76]). After adjustment for treatment, baseline risk factors for heart failure, baseline and in-treatment blood pressure, and baseline severity of electrocardiographic LVH, in-treatment decrease of Cornell product LVH in time-varying multivariate Cox models remained strongly associated with new heart failure hospitalization, with a 19% lower risk for every 817-mm . msec lower Cornell product treated as a continuous variable (hazard ratio, 0.81 [CI, 0.77 to 0.85]) or a 36% decreased rate of new heart failure in patients with an in-treatment reduction in Cornell product of 236 mm x msec or more (hazard ratio, 0.64 [CI, 0.47 to 0.89]; P < 0.001 for all comparisons). LIMITATIONS: Use of electrocardiographic LVH to select patients may have increased risk compared with unselected hypertensive patients, and use of hospitalization for heart failure as the end point will underestimate the incidence of new heart failure. CONCLUSION: Reduction in Cornell product electrocardiographic LVH during antihypertensive therapy is associated with fewer hospitalizations for heart failure, independent of blood pressure lowering, treatment method, and other risk factors for heart failure. ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00338260.
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