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Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;pers:(Dahlöf Björn 1953);pers:(Jern Sverker 1954)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Dahlöf Björn 1953 > Jern Sverker 1954

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1.
  • Li, Z. B., et al. (författare)
  • Association of left bundle branch block with left ventricular structure and function in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 397-402
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electrocardiographic (ECG) left bundle branch block (LBBB) is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), but its relation to left ventricular (LV) geometry and function in hypertensive patients with ECG LVH is unknown. Echocardiograms were performed in 933 patients (548 women, mean age 66+/-7 years) with essential hypertension and LVH by baseline ECG in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. LBBB, defined by Minnesota code 7.1, was present in 47 patients and absent in 886 patients. Patients with and without LBBB were similar in age, gender, body mass index, blood pressure, prevalence of diabetes, and history of myocardial infarction. Despite similarly elevated mean LV mass (126+/-25 vs 124+/-26 g/m(2)) and relative wall thickness (0.41+/-0.07 vs 0.41+/-0.07, P=NS), patients with LBBB had lower LV fractional shortening (30+/-6 vs 34+/-6%), ejection fraction (56+/-10 vs 61+/-8%), midwall shortening (14+/-2 vs 16+/-2%), stress-corrected midwall shortening (90+/-13 vs 97+/-13%) (all P<0.001), and lower LV stroke index (38+/-7 vs 42+/-9 ml/m(2)) (P<0.05). Patients with LBBB also had reduced LV inferior wall and lower mitral E/A ratio (0.75+/-0.18 vs 0.87+/-0.38) (all P<0.05). The above univariate results were confirmed by multivariate analyses adjusted for gender, age, blood pressures, height, weight, body mass index, heart rate, and LV mass index. Among hypertensive patients at high risk because of ECG LVH, the presence of LBBB identifies individuals with worse global and regional LV systolic function and impaired LV relaxation without more severe LVH by echocardiography.
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2.
  • Li, Z., et al. (författare)
  • Left bundle branch block and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension study
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: J Hypertens. - 0263-6352. ; 26:6, s. 1244-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Whether left bundle branch block is associated with cardiovascular events in hypertension with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is unknown. METHODS: Hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic-left ventricular hypertrophy were randomized to losartan-based or atenolol-based treatment and followed for 4.8 years in the losartan intervention for endpoint reduction in hypertension study. Cox regression models controlling for significant covariates assessed the association of left bundle branch block with cardiovascular events. RESULTS: At baseline, 564 patients had left bundle branch block and 8567 patients did not. Left bundle branch block was associated with higher heart rate, electrocardiographic-left ventricular hypertrophy, and prior cardiovascular disease (all P < 0.005). In univariate Cox regression analysis, left bundle branch block was not associated with the composite endpoint, stroke, or myocardial infarction (all P > 0.05), and was associated with cardiovascular (8.3 versus 4.5%, P < 0.001) and all-cause mortality (12.1 versus 8.6%, P < 0.005). After adjusting for significant covariates Cox regression analyses showed that left bundle branch block was independently associated with 1.6-fold more cardiovascular death (95% confidence interval 1.12-2.27, P < 0.05), 1.7 fold more hospitalization for heart failure (95% confidence interval 1.15-2.56, P < 0.01), 3.5 fold more cardiovascular death within 1 h (95% confidence interval 1.89-6.63, P < 0.001), and 3.4 fold more cardiovascular death within 24 h (95% confidence interval 1.83-6.35, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In hypertension with electrocardiographic-left ventricular hypertrophy, left bundle branch block identifies patients at increased risk of cardiovascular mortality, sudden cardiovascular death, and heart failure.
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3.
  • Oikarinen, L., et al. (författare)
  • QRS duration and QT interval predict mortality in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension Study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 1524-4563. ; 43:5, s. 1029-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Left ventricular hypertrophy is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality, including sudden cardiac death. Experimentally, left ventricular hypertrophy delays ventricular conduction and prolongs action potential duration. Electrocardiographic QRS duration and QT interval measures reflect these changes, but whether these measures can further stratify risk in patients with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is unknown. We measured the QRS duration and QT intervals from the baseline 12-lead electrocardiograms in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study, which included hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy randomized to either losartan-based or atenolol-based treatment to lower blood pressure. In the present study, we related study baseline electrocardiographic measures to cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. There were 5429 patients (male 45.8%; mean age 66+/-7 years) included in the present analyses. After a mean follow-up of 4.9+/-0.8 years, there were 417 deaths from all causes, including 214 cardiovascular deaths. In separate univariate Cox regression analyses, QRS duration and several QT measures were significant predictors of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. However, in multivariate Cox analyses including all electrocardiographic measures and adjusting for other risk factors as well as treatment strategy, only QRS duration and maximum rate-adjusted QT(apex) interval remained as significant independent predictors of cardiovascular (P=0.022 and P=0.037, respectively) and all-cause mortality (P=0.038 and P=0.002, respectively). In conclusion, in a hypertensive risk population identified by electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy, increased QRS duration and maximum QT(apex) interval can further stratify mortality risk even in the setting of effective blood pressure-lowering treatment.
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4.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Electrocardiographic strain pattern and prediction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 1524-4563. ; 44:1, s. 48-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ECG strain pattern of lateral ST depression and T-wave inversion is a marker for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and adverse prognosis in population studies. However, whether ECG strain is an independent predictor of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in the setting of aggressive antihypertensive therapy is unclear. ECGs were examined at study baseline in 8854 hypertensive patients with ECG LVH who were treated in a blinded manner with atenolol- or losartan-based regimens. Strain was defined by the presence of a downsloping convex ST segment with an inverted asymmetrical T wave opposite to the QRS axis in leads V5 and/or V6 and was present in 971 patients (11.0%). The Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study composite end point of CV death or nonfatal myocardial infarction or stroke occurred in 1035 patients (11.7%). In Cox analyses adjusting only for treatment effect, ECG strain was a significant predictor of CV death (hazard ratio [HR] 2.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.78 to 2.86), fatal/nonfatal myocardial infarction (HR 2.16, 95% CI 1.67 to 2.80), fatal/nonfatal stroke (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.39 to 2.21), and the composite CV end point (HR 1.99, 95% CI 1.70 to 2.33). After further adjusting for standard CV risk factors, baseline blood pressure, and severity of ECG LVH, ECG strain remained a significant predictor of CV mortality (HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.18 to 2.00), myocardial infarction (HR 1.55, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.06), and the composite CV end point (HR 1.33, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.59). Thus, ECG strain is a marker of increased CV risk in hypertensive patients in the setting of aggressive blood pressure lowering, independent of baseline severity of ECG LVH.
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5.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Electrocardiographic strain pattern and prediction of new-onset congestive heart failure in hypertensive patients: the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - 1524-4539. ; 113:1, s. 67-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The ECG strain pattern of ST depression and T-wave inversion is strongly associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) independently of coronary heart disease and with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients. However, whether ECG strain is an independent predictor of new-onset congestive heart failure (CHF) in the setting of aggressive antihypertensive therapy in unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: The relationship of ECG strain at study baseline to the development of CHF was examined in 8696 patients with no history of CHF who were enrolled in the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study. All patients had ECG LVH by Cornell product and/or Sokolow-Lyon voltage criteria on a screening ECG, were treated in a blinded manner with atenolol- or losartan-based regimens, and were followed up for a mean of 4.7+/-1.1 years. Strain was defined as a downsloping convex ST segment with inverted asymmetrical T-wave opposite the QRS axis in lead V5 or V6. ECG strain was present in 923 patients (10.6%), and new-onset CHF occurred in 265 patients (3.0%), 26 of whom had a CHF-related death. Compared with patients who did not develop CHF, hypertensive patients who developed CHF were older; were more likely to be black, current smokers, and diabetic; were more like to have a history of myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, stroke, or peripheral vascular disease; and had greater baseline severity of LVH by Cornell product and Sokolow-Lyon voltage, higher baseline body mass indexes, higher serum glucose levels and albuminuria, similar baseline systolic and diastolic pressures, and reductions in diastolic pressure with treatment but greater reductions in systolic pressure. In univariate Cox analyses, ECG strain was a significant predictor of new-onset CHF (hazard ratio [HR], 3.27; 95% CI, 2.49 to 4.29) and CHF mortality (HR, 4.74; 95% CI, 2.11 to 10.64). In Cox multivariable analyses adjusting for baseline differences between patients with and without new-onset CHF, in-treatment differences in systolic and diastolic pressures, Sokolow-Lyon voltage, and Cornell product, and the impact of treatment with losartan versus atenolol on outcomes, ECG strain remained a significant predictor of incident CHF (HR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.30 to 2.48) and CHF-related death (HR, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.02 to 7.63). CONCLUSIONS: ECG strain identifies hypertensive patients at increased risk of developing CHF and dying as a result of CHF, even in the setting of aggressive blood pressure lowering.
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6.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of diabetes mellitus on regression of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and the prediction of outcome during antihypertensive therapy: the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE) Reduction in Hypertension Study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - 1524-4539. ; 113:12, s. 1588-96
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality and with greater ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH); however, it is unclear whether diabetes attenuates regression of hypertensive LVH and whether regression of ECG LVH has similar prognostic value in diabetic and nondiabetic hypertensive individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 9193 hypertensive patients (1195 with diabetes) in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE) Reduction in Hypertension Study were treated with losartan- or atenolol-based regimens and followed up with serial ECG and blood pressure determinations at baseline and 6 months and then yearly until death or study end. ECG LVH was defined with gender-adjusted Cornell voltage-duration product (CP) criteria >2440 mm . ms. After a mean follow-up of 4.8+/-0.9 years, patients with diabetes had less regression of CP LVH (-138+/-866 versus -204+/-854 mm . ms, P<0.001), remained more likely to have LVH by CP (56.0% versus 48.1%, P<0.001), and had higher rates of CV death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and all-cause mortality and of the LIFE composite end point of CV death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. In multivariable Cox proportional hazards models, in-treatment regression or absence of ECG LVH by CP was associated with between 17% and 35% reductions in event rates in patients without diabetes but did not significantly predict outcome in patients with diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertensive patients with diabetes have less regression of CP LVH in response to antihypertensive therapy than patients without diabetes, and regression of ECG LVH is less useful as a surrogate marker of outcomes in hypertensive patients with diabetes. These findings may in part explain the higher CV morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients with diabetes, and the absence of a demonstrable improvement in prognosis in diabetic patients in response to regression of ECG LVH suggests a more complex interrelation between underlying LV structural and functional abnormalities and outcome in these patients.
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7.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • In-treatment resolution or absence of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is associated with decreased incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus in hypertensive patients : the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) Study.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 1524-4563. ; 50:5, s. 984-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Treatment of hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy with losartan-based therapy is associated with lower incidence of diabetes mellitus and greater regression of hypertrophy than atenolol-based therapy. However, whether in-treatment resolution or continued absence of electrocardiographic hypertrophy is independently associated with decreased incidence of diabetes is unclear. Electrocardiographic hypertrophy was evaluated over time in 7998 hypertensive patients without diabetes at baseline in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study who were treated with losartan- or atenolol-based regimens and followed with serial electrocardiograms and blood pressure determinations. Electrocardiographic hypertrophy was defined using gender-adjusted Cornell voltage-duration product criteria >2440 mm.ms. During mean follow-up of 4.6+/-1.2 years, diabetes developed in 562 patients (7.0%). In a Cox model adjusting for treatment assignment, in-treatment resolution or continued absence of Cornell product hypertrophy was associated with a 38% lower risk of new diabetes (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.50 to 0.78). After adjusting for the association of new diabetes with prior antihypertensive treatment, baseline glucose, and Framingham risk score, baseline and in-treatment systolic and diastolic pressure, HDL, uric acid, and body mass index, and the decreased incidence associated with losartan-based therapy, in-treatment continued absence, or resolution of Cornell product hypertrophy remained associated with a 26% lower risk of new diabetes (HR 0.74, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.93). Thus, compared with presence of hypertrophy by Cornell product criteria during antihypertensive treatment, resolution or continued absence of Cornell product hypertrophy is associated with a lower incidence of diabetes, even after adjusting for the impact of treatment with losartan and other risk factors for diabetes.
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8.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Regression of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and decreased incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with hypertension
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Jama. - 1538-3598. ; 296:10, s. 1242-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of mortality and cardiovascular events, particularly stroke, making prevention of new-onset AF a clinical priority. Although the presence and severity of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) appear to predict development of AF, whether regression of electrocardiographic LVH is associated with a decreased incidence of AF is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that in-treatment regression or continued absence of electrocardiographic LVH during antihypertensive therapy is associated with a decreased incidence of AF, independent of blood pressure and treatment modality. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Double-blind, randomized, parallel-group study conducted in 1995-2001 among 8831 men and women with hypertension, aged 55-80 years (median, 67 years), with electrocardiographic LVH by Cornell voltage-duration product or Sokolow-Lyon voltage, with no history of AF, without AF on the baseline electrocardiogram, and enrolled in the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension Study. INTERVENTIONS: Losartan- or atenolol-based treatment regimens, with follow-up assessments at 6 months and then yearly until death or study end. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: New-onset AF in relation to electrocardiographic LVH determined at baseline and subsequently. Electrocardiographic LVH was measured using sex-adjusted Cornell product criteria ({R(aVL) + S(V3) [+ 6 mm in women]} x QRS duration). RESULTS: After a mean (SD) follow-up of 4.7 (1.1) years, new-onset AF occurred in 290 patients with in-treatment regression or continued absence of Cornell product LVH for a rate of 14.9 per 1000 patient-years and in 411 patients with in-treatment persistence or development of LVH by Cornell product criteria for a rate of 19.0 per 1000 patient-years. In time-dependent Cox analyses adjusted for treatment effects, baseline differences in risk factors for AF, baseline and in-treatment blood pressure, and baseline severity of electrocardiographic LVH, lower in-treatment Cornell product LVH treated as a time-varying covariate was associated with a 12.4% lower rate of new-onset AF (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.80-0.97; P = .007) for every 1050 mm x msec (per 1-SD) lower Cornell product, with persistence of the benefit of losartan vs atenolol therapy on developing AF (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.71-0.97; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Lower Cornell product electrocardiographic LVH during antihypertensive therapy is associated with a lower likelihood of new-onset AF, independent of blood pressure lowering and treatment modality in essential hypertension. These findings suggest that antihypertensive therapy targeted at regression or prevention of electrocardiographic LVH may reduce the incidence of new-onset AF.
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9.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Regression of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is associated with less hospitalization for heart failure in hypertensive patients
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Ann Intern Med. - 1539-3704. ; 147:5, s. 311-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Reduction of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been associated with decreased cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction, and atrial fibrillation. However, whether reduction of electrocardiographic LVH is associated with decreased heart failure is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation of reduction of electrocardiographic LVH to incident heart failure. DESIGN: Multicenter cohort study derived from a randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study. PATIENTS: 8479 hypertensive patients without history of heart failure who were randomly assigned to losartan or atenolol treatment. MEASUREMENTS: Change in Cornell product electrocardiographic LVH between baseline and in-study electrocardiograms, examined as both a continuous variable and a dichotomous variable (above or below the median decrease of 236 mm x msec) to predict heart failure hospitalization occurring after the 6-month follow-up visit. RESULTS: During mean follow-up of 4.7 years (SD, 1.1 years), 214 patients were hospitalized for heart failure (2.5%): 77 patients with an in-treatment decrease of 236 mm x msec or more (4.4 per 1000 patient-years) and 137 patients with a reduction less than 236 mm x msec during treatment (6.8 per 1000 patient-years). In a univariate Cox analysis in which change in Cornell product was treated as a time-varying continuous variable, decrease in Cornell product during treatment was associated with a decreased risk for new-onset heart failure, with a 24% lower risk for heart failure for every 817-mm x msec (1 SD of the mean) lower Cornell product (hazard ratio, 0.76 [95% CI, 0.72 to 0.80]). In a parallel analysis in which change in Cornell product was entered as a time-varying dichotomous variable, a greater-than-median in-treatment decrease in Cornell product (236 mm x msec) was associated with a 43% lower risk for heart failure (hazard ratio, 0.57 [CI, 0.44 to 0.76]). After adjustment for treatment, baseline risk factors for heart failure, baseline and in-treatment blood pressure, and baseline severity of electrocardiographic LVH, in-treatment decrease of Cornell product LVH in time-varying multivariate Cox models remained strongly associated with new heart failure hospitalization, with a 19% lower risk for every 817-mm . msec lower Cornell product treated as a continuous variable (hazard ratio, 0.81 [CI, 0.77 to 0.85]) or a 36% decreased rate of new heart failure in patients with an in-treatment reduction in Cornell product of 236 mm x msec or more (hazard ratio, 0.64 [CI, 0.47 to 0.89]; P < 0.001 for all comparisons). LIMITATIONS: Use of electrocardiographic LVH to select patients may have increased risk compared with unselected hypertensive patients, and use of hospitalization for heart failure as the end point will underestimate the incidence of new heart failure. CONCLUSION: Reduction in Cornell product electrocardiographic LVH during antihypertensive therapy is associated with fewer hospitalizations for heart failure, independent of blood pressure lowering, treatment method, and other risk factors for heart failure. ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00338260.
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10.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Regression of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy predicts regression of echocardiographic left ventricular mass: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 403-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electrocardiogram (ECG) is widely used for detection of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). However, whether changes in ECG LVH during antihypertensive therapy predict changes in LV mass remains unclear. Baseline and year-1 ECGs and echocardiograms were assessed in 584 hypertensive patients with ECG LVH by Sokolow-Lyon or Cornell voltage-duration product criteria at entry into the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) echocardiographic substudy. A >/=25% decrease in Cornell product defined regression of ECG LVH; a <25% decrease defined no significant regression; and an increase defined progression of ECG LVH. Regression of echocardiographic LVH was defined by a >/=20% reduction in LV mass. After 1 year of therapy, 155 patients (27%) had regression of ECG LVH, 286 (49%) had no significant change, and 143 (25%) had progression of ECG LVH. Compared with patients with progression of ECG LVH, patients with no significant decrease and patients with regression of ECG LVH had stepwise greater absolute decreases in LV mass (-16+/-33 vs -29+/-37 vs -32+/-41 g, P<0.001), greater percent reductions in LV mass (-5.7+/-14.6 vs -11.3+/-13.6 vs -12.3+/-15.6%, P<0.001), and were more likely to decrease LV mass by >/=20% (11.2 vs 24.8 vs 36.1%, P<0.001), even after adjusting for possible effects of baseline and change in systolic and diastolic pressures. Compared with progression of ECG LVH, regression of the Cornell product ECG LVH is associated with greater reduction in LV mass and a greater likelihood of regression of anatomic LVH.
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