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Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;pers:(Thelle Dag 1942);pers:(Blennow Kaj 1958)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Thelle Dag 1942 > Blennow Kaj 1958

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1.
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2.
  • Berggren, Ulf, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • Dopamine D2 Receptor Genotype Is Associated with Increased Mortality at a 10-Year Follow-up of Alcohol-Dependent Individuals.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Alcohol and alcoholism. - 1464-3502. ; 45:1, s. 1-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: Because the TAQ1 A1 allele may be associated with alcohol-related medical illnesses, and medical illnesses in alcohol-dependent individuals are associated with increased mortality, we test the hypothesis that the TAQ1 A1 allele of the DRD2 gene is associated with increased mortality in alcohol-dependent individuals. METHODS: Following an index treatment episode, a 10-year follow-up study in 366 alcohol-dependent individuals was performed. The TAQ1 A1/A2 DRD2 genotype and allele frequencies were compared between those deceased and those still living at the 10-year point. In addition, the genotype and allele frequencies of these alcohol-dependent individuals were compared to that in 578 control subjects. RESULTS: The prevalence of the A1 allele differed between the deceased and living patients and the controls: 47% of the deceased were A1+, compared to 37% of the living patients and 32% of the controls. The frequency of the TAQ1 A1/A2 genotype also differed between the groups. Thus, 43% had the A1/A2 genotype in comparison with 32% in the living patients and 29% in the controls. The TAQ 1 A1 allele frequency differed between the groups. The frequency of A1 allele was 25% in the deceased patients compared to 21% in the living patients and 17% in the controls. CONCLUSION: The TAQ I A1 allele of the DRD2 gene (or DRD2 gene region) was associated with increased mortality over a 10-year period in alcohol-dependent individuals.
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3.
  • Berggren, Ulf, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • The taqI DRD2 A1 allele is associated with alcohol-dependence although its effect size is small
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Alcohol. - 0735-0414. ; 41:5, s. 479-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Numerous studies of the relationship between the TaqIA DRD2 A1 allele and alcohol-dependence have been performed and many of these have shown an association whereas others have not (Noble, 2003). This has consequently generated some controversy as to whether such an association actually exists (Noble, 2003). In the two recent meta-analyses by Noble (2003) and Young et al. (2004) some very important methodological issues have been discussed, which need to be addressed in forthcoming studies. Thus, the sample size is of great importance. In case-control studies it has been estimated that to detect the role of genes with small effect size of approximately 2, which is in the range of the DRD2 A1 allele-alcoholism relationship, case-control sets of 300-400 subjects are necessary (Noble, 2003). METHODS: In the present study, we have consequently recruited a large number of subjects, 375 alcohol-dependent individuals, who were treated as inpatients for alcohol withdrawal symptoms and out of these 357 could be evaluated. As controls, 578 individuals screened and 254 individuals unscreened for alcohol consumption were used. Thus, the total number of subjects was 1217. RESULTS: In the present study, in which the TaqI A1/A2 DRD2 polymorphism was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the patient group and the two control groups, we found that the TaqI DRD2 A1/A2 genotype frequency differed significantly between the alcohol-dependent group and both the total and screened control groups. Furthermore, the TaqI DRD2 A1 allele frequency was significantly overrepresented in the alcohol-dependent subjects as compared with both the total and screened control groups. The odds ratio for alcohol-dependency being associated with the A1 allele was 1.34. CONCLUSIONS: Consequently, the findings in this study lend further support to the notion of an association between the DRD2 A1 allele and alcohol-dependence, although the effect size of the DRD2 A1 allele is small.
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4.
  • Landgren, Sara, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation of the ghrelin signaling system in females with severe alcohol dependence
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. - 0145-6008. ; 34:9, s. 1519-1524
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Central ghrelin signaling is required for the rewarding effects of alcohol in mice. Because ghrelin is implied in other addictive behaviors such as eating disorders and smoking, and because there is co-morbidity between these disorders and alcohol dependence, the ghrelin signaling system could be involved in mediating reward in general. Furthermore, in humans, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes of the pro-ghrelin gene (GHRL) and the ghrelin receptor gene (GHSR) have previously been associated with increased alcohol consumption and increased body weight. Known gender differences in plasma ghrelin levels prompted us to investigate genetic variation of the ghrelin signaling system in females with severe alcohol dependence (n = 113) and in a selected control sample of female low-consumers of alcohol from a large cohort study in southwest Sweden (n = 212). Methods: Six tag SNPs in the GHRL (rs696217, rs3491141, rs4684677, rs35680, rs42451, and rs26802) and four tag SNPs in the GHSR (rs495225, rs2232165, rs572169, and rs2948694) were genotyped in all individuals. Results: We found that one GHRL haplotype was associated with reports of paternal alcohol dependence as well as with reports of withdrawal symptoms in the female alcohol-dependent group. Associations with 2 GHSR haplotypes and smoking were also shown. One of these haplotypes was also negatively associated with BMI in controls, while another haplotype was associated with having the early-onset, more heredity-driven, type 2 form of alcohol dependence in the patient group. Conclusion: Taken together, the genes encoding the ghrelin signaling system cannot be regarded as major susceptibility genes for female alcohol dependence, but is, however, involved in paternal heritability and may affect other reward- and energy-related factors such as smoking and BMI.
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5.
  • Mehlig, Kirsten, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • The association between plasma homocysteine and coronary heart disease is modified by the MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Heart (British Cardiac Society). - 1468-201X. ; 99:23, s. 1761-1765
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An elevated level of total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) has been associated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The level of tHcy is affected by lifestyle, in addition to genetic predisposition. The methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T polymorphism (rs1801133) is among the strongest genetic predictors of tHcy. We examined whether the association between tHcy and CHD is modified by the MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism.
6.
  • Strandhagen, Elisabeth, 1960-, et al. (författare)
  • The apolipoprotein E polymorphism and the cholesterol-raising effect of coffee
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Lipids Health Dis. - 1476-511X. ; 3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The response of serum cholesterol to diet may be affected by the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon2/epsilon3/epsilon4 polymorphism, which also is a significant predictor of variation in the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and CHD death. Here, we test the hypothesis that the APOE polymorphism may modulate the cholesterol-raising effect of coffee. OBJECTIVE: We determined the effect of a coffee abstention period and a daily intake of 600 mL coffee on serum cholesterol and triglycerides with respect to the APOE polymorphism. DESIGN: 121 healthy, non-smoking men (22%) and women (78%) aged 29-65 years, took part in a study with four intervention periods: 1 and 3) a coffee free period of three weeks, 2 and 4) 600 mL coffee/day for four weeks. RESULTS: APOE epsilon2 positive individuals had significantly lower total cholesterol concentration at baseline (4.68 mmol/L and 5.28 mmol/L, respectively, p = 0.01), but the cholesterol-raising effect of coffee was not influenced significantly by APOE allele carrier status. CONCLUSIONS: The APOE epsilon 2 allele is associated with lower serum cholesterol concentration. However, the APOE polymorphism does not seem to influence the cholesterol-raising effect of coffee.
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7.
  • Strandhagen, Elisabeth, 1960-, et al. (författare)
  • The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism is a major determinant of coffee-induced increase of plasma homocysteine: a randomized placebo controlled study.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: International journal of molecular medicine. - 1107-3756. ; 13:6, s. 811
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Some methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphisms are associated with hyperhomocysteinemia. Trials have shown a plasma homocysteine raising effect of coffee. We determined the effect of a daily intake of 600 ml coffee and a supplementation of 200 microg folic acid or placebo on plasma homocysteine (tHcy) with respect to the MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms. One hundred and twenty healthy, non-smoking men (22%) and women (78%) aged 29-65 years, took part in a controlled, randomized, blinded study with two intervention periods: i) a coffee-free period of three weeks, ii) 600 ml coffee/day and a supplement of 200 microg folic acid/d or placebo for four weeks. The results showed that tHcy at baseline was significantly higher for the 677TT genotype group compared to the 677CC genotype group (p=0.0045) and that this group responded with significantly larger increase in tHcy upon coffee exposure than the 677CC and 677CT genotype groups (p=0.0045 and p=0.0041, respectively). Supplementation with 200 microg folic acid compared to placebo reduced the tHcy increasing effect of coffee in the 677TT genotype group. The A1298C polymorphism did not affect tHcy concentration significantly at any stage in the study. In conclusion, the homocysteine increasing effect of coffee is particularly seen in individuals with the homozygous 677TT genotype. Supplementation with 200 microg folic acid/d decreases this tHcy increment.
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8.
  • Zetterberg, Madeleine, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Association of complement factor H Y402H gene polymorphism with Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics. - 1552-485X. ; 147B:6, s. 720
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) share several epidemiological and biochemical features. The present study aimed to assess the possible influence of the AMD-associated complement factor H (CFH) Y402H (1277T > C) polymorphism on the risk of AD. Caucasian subjects (n=800) meeting the criteria for probable (n = 717) or definite (n = 83) AD and Caucasian non-demented controls (n 1265) were included in this multi-center case-control study, in which genotype and allele frequencies of the CFH 1277T > C polymorphism were determined and related to diagnosis, APOE genotype, Mini-Mental State Examination score (MMSE) and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers total-tau (T-tau), phospho-tau(181), (P-tau(181)), and beta-amyloid(1-42) (A beta(1-42)). The AMD-associated CFH genotypes (1277CC and 1277TC) were overrepresented in subjects with AD as compared to control individuals (P = 0.029). Positive C carrier status was associated with an odds ratio (OR) for AD of 1.24 (95% confidence interval CI 1.02-1.50). When APOE 4 carrier status was included in the regression model, this association was even stronger (OR 1.34, 95% CI: 1.08-1.65, P=0.007). Subgroup analysis showed that the association between CFH C allele positivity and AD was only evident for individuals carrying the APOE epsilon 4 allele. Positive C carrier status was also associated with lower levels of CSF A beta(1-42) selectively in the control group in an APOE epsilon 4-independent manner (P=0.003). In conclusion, the CFH 1277T > C polymorphism seems to influence the risk of AD and there appears to be an interaction between CFH 1277C and APOE epsilon 4 alleles. The CFH 1277C allele may predispose patients for co-morbidity in AD and AMD. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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