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Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;pers:(Wallin Anders 1950);pers:(Blennow Kaj 1958);pers:(Landgren Sara 1980);pers:(Palmer Mona Seibt)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > Wallin Anders 1950 > Blennow Kaj 1958 > Landgren Sara 1980 > Palmer Mona Seibt

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1.
  • Landgren, Sara, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • A novel ARC gene polymorphism is associated with reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neural Transmission. - 0300-9564. ; 119:7, s. 833-842
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease, and is clinically characterized by cognitive disturbances and the accumulation of the amyloid beta (A beta) peptides in plaques in the brain. Recent studies have shown the links between AD and the immediate-early gene Arc (activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein), involved in synaptic plasticity and memory consolidation. For example, AD mouse models show a decreased expression of Arc mRNA in the brain. In additional, acute A beta application to brain slices leads to a widespread ARC protein diffusion, unlike the normal defined localization to synapses. In this study, we investigated genetic variation in human ARC and the risk of developing AD. To this end, we genotyped 713 subjects diagnosed with AD and 841 controls without dementia. ARC was sequenced in a group of healthy individuals, and seven previously known SNPs and three novel SNPs were identified. Two of the newly found SNPs were intronic and one, +2852(G/A), was located in the 3'UTR. Three tag SNPs were selected, including the novel SNP +2852(G/A), to relate to risk of AD, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker levels of total tau (T-tau), hyperphosphorylated tau181 (P-tau(181)) and A beta(1-42). The AA genotype of the newly found 3'-UTR SNP +2852(A/G), was associated with a decreased risk of AD (p (c) = 0.005; OR = 0.74; 95 % CI: 0.61-0.89). No associations of single SNPs or haplotypes with MMSE score or CSF biomarkers were found. Here we report a novel ARC SNP associated with a reduced risk of developing AD. To our knowledge, this is the first study associating a gene variant of ARC with any disease. The location of the SNP within the 3'UTR indicates that dendritic targeting of ARC mRNA could be involved in the molecular mechanisms underlying this protective function. However, further investigation of the importance of this SNP for ARC function, ARC processing and the pathology of AD is needed.
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2.
  • Landgren, Sara, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • No Association of VEGF Polymorphims with Alzheimer's Disease.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Neuromolecular medicine. - 1559-1174. ; 12:3, s. 224-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The vascular hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has brought the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) into focus. The genomic region including the VEGF gene has been linked to AD and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the VEGF have in previous studies been associated with AD risk. To further evaluate these findings, we genotyped two SNPs in the VEGF gene (rs699947 -2578) and rs1570360 -1154) by TaqMan Allelic Discrimination in a study sample including AD patients (n = 801) and controls (n = 286). In a subgroup of the population these SNPs were analyzed in relation to APOE epsilon 4 genotype, to cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers (T-tau, P-tau, and beta(42)-Amyloid) as well as to neuropathological markers for AD (neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques). No significant associations with risk for AD or any of the studied biomarkers could be found in this study, thus not supporting VEGF as being a major risk gene for AD.
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3.
  • Zetterberg, Madeleine, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Association of complement factor H Y402H gene polymorphism with Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics. - 1552-485X. ; 147B:6, s. 720
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) share several epidemiological and biochemical features. The present study aimed to assess the possible influence of the AMD-associated complement factor H (CFH) Y402H (1277T > C) polymorphism on the risk of AD. Caucasian subjects (n=800) meeting the criteria for probable (n = 717) or definite (n = 83) AD and Caucasian non-demented controls (n 1265) were included in this multi-center case-control study, in which genotype and allele frequencies of the CFH 1277T > C polymorphism were determined and related to diagnosis, APOE genotype, Mini-Mental State Examination score (MMSE) and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers total-tau (T-tau), phospho-tau(181), (P-tau(181)), and beta-amyloid(1-42) (A beta(1-42)). The AMD-associated CFH genotypes (1277CC and 1277TC) were overrepresented in subjects with AD as compared to control individuals (P = 0.029). Positive C carrier status was associated with an odds ratio (OR) for AD of 1.24 (95% confidence interval CI 1.02-1.50). When APOE 4 carrier status was included in the regression model, this association was even stronger (OR 1.34, 95% CI: 1.08-1.65, P=0.007). Subgroup analysis showed that the association between CFH C allele positivity and AD was only evident for individuals carrying the APOE epsilon 4 allele. Positive C carrier status was also associated with lower levels of CSF A beta(1-42) selectively in the control group in an APOE epsilon 4-independent manner (P=0.003). In conclusion, the CFH 1277T > C polymorphism seems to influence the risk of AD and there appears to be an interaction between CFH 1277C and APOE epsilon 4 alleles. The CFH 1277C allele may predispose patients for co-morbidity in AD and AMD. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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